Ernst-Johann Biron, Prince of Courland

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Prince Biron von Courland
Born (1940-08-06) 6 August 1940 (age 78)
Berlin, Germany
SpouseCountess Elisabeth Victoria Raimonda zu Ysenburg-Büdingen in Philippseich
IssuePrincess Anja
Princess Christiana
Full name
German: Ernst-Johann Karl Oskar Eitel-Friedrich Peter Burchard
HouseHouse of Biron
FatherKarl, Prince Biron von Courland
MotherPrincess Herzeleide of Prussia

Ernst-Johann Karl Oskar Eitel-Friedrich Peter Burchard, Prince Biron von Courland (born 6 August 1940)[1] is the senior male-line descendant of Ernst Johann von Biron, and as such heir to the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia.

He was born in Berlin the eldest son of Karl, Prince Biron von Courland (1907-1982) and Princess Herzeleide of Prussia (1918-1989), the daughter of Prince Oskar of Prussia, a son of Emperor William II.[1]

Prince Ernst-Johann succeeded his father as head of the Biron family following his death on 28 February 1982. He is also a Knight of Justice (and, since 2008, an honorary commander in the Commandery of Silesia) of the Johanniterorden ("Johannine Order"), to which he was admitted in 1940 and whose grand master was his cousin Prince Oskar of Prussia (Prince Ernst-Johann's uncles and grandfather had headed the Order throughout most of the twentieth century).[2] He is in line to the British throne through his descent from Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, Princess Royal.

Private life[edit]

Prince Ernst-Johann was married to Countess Elisabeth zu Ysenburg-Büdingen in Philippseich (born 1941) in Munich in a civil ceremony on 14 August 1967, and in a religious one the next day.[1]

The couple have two adopted daughters:

  • Anja Prinzessin Biron von Curland (born 25 January 1975).
  • Christiana Prinzessin Biron von Curland (born 23 May 1977).



  1. ^ a b c Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, pp. 300, 302. ISBN 0-220-66222-3
  2. ^ Verzeichnis der Mitglieder der Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens St. Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem; Berlin: October, 2011; page 500.
Ernst-Johann Biron, Prince of Courland
Born: August 6 1940
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Karl, Prince Biron von Courland
Duke of Courland
Reason for succession failure:
Duchy incorporated into Russian Empire in 1795
Prince Michael Biron of Courland
British royalty
Preceded by
Princess Donata of Prussia
Line of succession to the British Throne
descended from Victoria, Princess Royal,
daughter of Queen Victoria
Succeeded by
Prince Michael Biron of Courland