8 June 1899|
Charlottenburg, Prussia, German Empire
|Died||24 April 1945
|Service/branch||German Red Cross|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Ernst-Robert Grawitz (8 June 1899 – 24 April 1945) was a German physician (and an SS Reichsarzt, "arzt" meaning "physician") in Nazi Germany during World War II. He was born in Charlottenburg and died in Potsdam-Babelsberg.
Early life and career
Grawitz was born in Charlottenburg, in the western part of Berlin, Germany. As Reichsarzt SS und Polizei (Reich Physician SS and Police), Grawitz was also head of the German Red Cross. His wife, Ilse, was the daughter of SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Siegfried Taubert.
He funded Nazi attempts to "eradicate the perverted world of the homosexual" and research into attempts to "cure" homosexuality. This involved experimentation on inmates in Nazi concentration camps. He was in charge of "enthusiastic" experiments on concentration camp inmates. Researchers both in and outside the SS wanted to exploit the "supply" of inmates held in the SS camps and use them like "human guinea pigs" for experiments. In order to do so, the interested parties had to apply to Grawitz, who forwarded requests to Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler who then gave final approval.
Towards the end of World War II in Europe, Grawitz was a physician in Adolf Hitler's Führerbunker. When he heard that other officials were leaving Berlin in order to escape from advancing Soviet Red Army, Grawitz petitioned Hitler to allow him to leave Berlin; his request was denied.
As the Soviet Army advanced on Berlin, Grawitz killed himself and his family with grenades at their house in Babelsberg. The event was depicted in the 2004 film Der Untergang ("Downfall"), in which Grawitz was portrayed by Christian Hoening.
- Iron Cross (1914)
- 2nd Class
- 1st Class
- Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class
- War Merit Cross 1st Class with swords
- "The Nazi doctor who experimented on gay people – and Britain helped to escape justice".
- Evans, Richard (2009) . The Third Reich at War, p. 729. ISBN 978-1594202063
- Weale, Adrian (2012). Army of Evil: A History of the SS, p. 100. ISBN 978-0-451-23791-0