Ernst-Robert Grawitz

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Ernst-Robert Grawitz
Born (1899-06-08)8 June 1899
Died 24 April 1945(1945-04-24) (aged 45)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Red Cross.svg German Red Cross
Rank SS-Obergruppenführer Collar Rank.svg SS-Obergruppenführer

World War II

World War I

Ernst-Robert Grawitz (8 June 1899 – 24 April 1945) was a German physician (and an SS Reichsarzt) in Nazi Germany during World War II. He was born in Charlottenburg and died in Potsdam-Babelsberg.

Early life and career[edit]

Grawitz was born in Charlottenburg, in the western part of Berlin, Germany. As Reichsarzt SS and Polizei (Reich Physician SS and Police), Grawitz was also head of the German Red Cross. His wife, Ilse, was the daughter of SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Siegfried Taubert. He funded Nazi attempts to "eradicate the perverted world of the homosexual" and research into attempts to "cure" homosexuality. This involved experimentation on inmates in Nazi concentration camps.[1] He was also in charge of authorizing medical experiments on inmates and others in concentration camps and was the adviser on which gases to use to kill inmates.

Towards the end of World War II in Europe, Grawitz was a physician in Adolf Hitler's Führerbunker. When he heard that other officials were leaving Berlin in order to escape from advancing Soviet armies, Grawitz petitioned Hitler to allow him to leave; his request was denied.


As the Soviets approached, a grenade exploded in Grawitz's house in Babelsberg, killing him, his wife and his children.[2] It has been assumed that the grenade was activated by Grawitz himself. The event was depicted in the 2004 film Der Untergang ("Downfall"), in which Grawitz was portrayed by Christian Hoening.


  • 2nd Class
  • 1st Class
  • Silver
  • Iron Cross (1939)
  • 2nd Class