Ernst Bauer (Kapitän zur See)

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Ernst Bauer
Ernst Bauer.jpg
Nickname(s) "Dwarf"
Born (1914-01-03)3 January 1914
Fürth
Died 12 March 1988(1988-03-12) (aged 74)
Westerland auf Sylt
Allegiance  Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
 German Navy
Years of service 1933–45, 1955–72
Rank Korvettenkapitän (Kriegsmarine)
Kapitän zur See (Bundesmarine)
Commands held U-120
U-126
27th U-boat Flotilla
26th U-boat Flotilla
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Order of Merit

Ernst Bauer (3 January 1914 – 12 March 1988) was a German naval officer and an U-boat commander in World War II. He commanded the U-boats U-120 and U-126, sinking 25 ships on five patrols, for a total of 118,560 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping, to stand 22nd on the list of highest scoring U-Boat aces of World War II.[1] He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Career[edit]

Bauer joined the Reichsmarine on 23 September 1933. He served on the light cruiser Königsberg before transferring to the U-boat arm in 1938. He served as watch officer on U-20 and U-37 before commanding the training U-boat U-120 from April 1940. On 1 March 1941, he was given command of U-126, and conducted 5 combat patrols, sinking 25 merchant ships for a total of 118,560 long tons (120,460 t).[1]

On 22 November, Bauer was aboard the auxiliary cruiser Atlantis in the south Atlantic, when she was sunk by the British heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire. U-126 crash-dived, leaving her captain behind, and after Devonshire left the area, she resurfaced to pick up survivors.

From March 1943, Bauer served as training officer in 27th U-boat Flotilla based at Gotenhafen, becoming commander of the unit in October 1944. During the last month of the war, he was transferred to command of 26th U-boat Flotilla at Warnemünde.[1]

Bauer joined the Bundesmarine in 1955 and held several staff positions, before retiring in 1972 with the rank of Kapitän zur See. He died in 1988.[1]

Summary of career[edit]

Awards[edit]

Promotions[edit]

Reichsmarine/Kriegsmarine
23 September 1933: Seekadett (Midshipman)[6]
1 July 1934: Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)[6]
1 April 1936: Oberfähnrich zur See (Senior Ensign)[6]
1 October 1936: Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)[6]
1 June 1938: Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)[2]
1 March 1941: Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)[2]
5 April 1945: Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain), effective as of 1 April 1945 with rank age dated 20 April 1945[2]
Bundesmarine
1 April 1956: Fregattenkapitän (Frigate Captain)[2]
1 April 1956: Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea)[5]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Helgason, Guðmundur. "Korvettenkapitän Ernst Bauer". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 19 April 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Busch & Röll 2003, p. 200.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 123.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 204.
  5. ^ a b Busch & Röll 2003, p. 201.
  6. ^ a b c d Busch & Röll 2003, p. 199.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 1, 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1941] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Korvettenkapitän Erich Topp
Commander of 27th U-boat Flotilla
October 1944 – March 1945
Succeeded by
disbanded
Preceded by
Fregattenkapitan Helmut Brümmer-Patzig
Commander of 26th U-boat Flotilla
April – May 1945
Succeeded by
disbanded
Preceded by
Fregattenkapitän Otto Schuhart
Commander of the Marinestützpunktkommando Kiel
April 1965 – October 1967
Succeeded by
Kapitän zur See Dietrich Hoffmann