Ernst Deodat Paul-Ferdinand Ewald (17 March 1836 in Berlin – 30 December 1904 in Berlin) was a German painter.
He came from a banking family and attended the University of Bonn, where he studied medicine and the natural sciences. He later became a pupil of Carl Steffeck. From 1856 to 1863, he lived in Paris, where he was a student of Thomas Couture. He travelled to Italy in 1864 and devoted himself to studying Fifteenth Century art.
He settled in Berlin in 1865. Beginning in 1868, he was an instructor in the school at the Kunstgewerbemuseum Berlin, which he had helped to create. He became the museum's Director in 1874. Following the death of Martin Gropius in 1880, he also took over management of the Royal School of Art in Berlin.
Among his works from this period are paintings in the library of the Berlin Town Hall, scenes from the Nibelungenleid in the Querhalle (Cross Hall) of the National Gallery and windows in the Martin-Gropius-Bau. In 1871, he designed the interiors for the reconstruction of the Cochem Imperial Castle and, from 1888 to 1890, did mosaic designs for the Kaiser Friedrich Mausoleum in Potsdam. Ewald had worked as an artistic advisor for Friedrich when he was Crown Prince and gave drawing lessons to his sons, Prince Wilhelm (who would become Emperor Wilhelm II) and Prince Henry.
Ewald's work was based on classical models and a desire to preserve historical forms and techniques.
- Farbige Illustrationen alter und neuer Zeit. Farbige Dekorationen vom 15.-19. Jahrhundert. Four volumes; Berlin: Wasmuth 1889 - 1896.
- Kösener Corpslisten 1930, 14, 234
- "Reichsburg Cochem: The Reconstruction of Cochem Castle". Archived from the original on 2014-04-15. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
- Smithsonian Institution Collections
- Ernst Ewald. In: Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon. Die Bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker (AKL). Vol. 35, Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-22775-2, S. 461 f.
- Ernst Ewald. In: Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker : Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Vol.11, E. A. Seemann, Leipzig 1915, S. 116.