Ernst Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen

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Ernest Frederick II
Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Reign 1724–1745
Predecessor Ernest Frederick I
Successor Ernest Frederick III
Born (1707-12-17)17 December 1707
Died 13 August 1745(1745-08-13) (aged 37)
Spouse Caroline of Erbach-Fürstenau
Issue Ernest Frederick III
Prince Frederick August Albrecht
Prince Frederick Wilhelm Eugen
Princess Sophie Amalie Caroline
House House of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Father Ernst Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Mother Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach

Ernst Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Hildburghausen, 17 December 1707 – Hildburghausen, 13 August 1745), was a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

Young duke[edit]

He was the third but eldest surviving son of Ernst Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach. At the age of 17, he succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen in 1724. As a result, his mother, the Dowager Duchess Sophia Albertine, acted as a regent on his behalf until he reached adulthood four years later.


In 1743 he received an Infantry Regiment from Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria as a Lieutenant-General. Later, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor appointed him Quartermaster-General.

Always ailing in body and mind, he was helpless in the face of the problems of the duchy. In the meantime, the indebtedness of the duchy had become so high that total public revenues did not even cover the interest.


In Fürstenau on 19 June 1726 Ernst Frederick married Caroline of Erbach-Fürstenau (d. July 1745). They had four children:

  1. Ernst Frederick III Karl, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (b. Königsberg, 10 June 1727 – d. Seidingstadt, 23 September 1780).
  2. Frederick August Albrecht (b. Hildburghausen, 8 August 1728 – d. Hildburghausen, 14 June 1735).
  3. Frederick Wilhelm Eugen (b. Hildburghausen, 8 October 1730 – d. Öhringen, 4 December 1795), married on 13 March 1778 to his niece Caroline of Saxe-Hildburghausen (daughter of Ernst Frederick III). Their marriage was childless.
  4. Sophie Amalie Caroline (b. Hildburghausen, 21 July 1732 – d. Öhringen, 19 June 1799), married in 1749 to Ludwig of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Öhringen.



  • Johann Samuel Ersch (Hrsg.): Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste, 1. Sektion, 37. Teil, Leipzig, 1842, S. 300 (Digitalisat)
  • Heinrich Ferdinand Schoeppl: Die Herzoge von Sachsen-Altenburg. Bozen 1917, Neudruck Altenburg 1992
  • Georg Hassel: Allg. Europäisches Staats u. Address: Handbuch, 1816, etc, Band 1-2, Weimar, 1816, S. 324 (Digitalisat)
Ernst Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Born: 17 December 1707 Died: 13 August 1745
Preceded by
Ernst Frederick I
Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Succeeded by
Ernst Frederick III