Happel in 1978
|Full name||Ernst Franz Hermann Happel|
|Date of birth||29 November 1925|
|Place of birth||Vienna, Austria|
|Date of death||14 November 1992(aged 66)|
|Place of death||Innsbruck, Austria|
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|1962–1969||ADO Den Haag|
|1967||→ San Francisco Gales (USA)|
|1987–1991||FC Swarovski Tirol|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
He is regarded as one of the most successful managers ever, winning both league and domestic cup titles in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Austria as well as winning the European Cup twice, the first in 1970 and the second in 1983, and a runners-up medal at the 1978 FIFA World Cup. He was the first of the five managers to have won the European Cup with 2 different clubs, Carlo Ancelotti, Ottmar Hitzfeld, José Mourinho and Jupp Heynckes being the other four. He is also one of four managers, along with Mourinho, Giovanni Trapattoni and Tomislav Ivić to have won domestic league championships in four different European countries.
Happel started his professional career at Rapid Wien, where he made his first team debut at 17 years of age. Forming a solid defensive partnership with Max Merkel, he played 14 years for Rapid, from 1943 till 1954 and 1956 till 1959, winning the Austrian Championship title 6 times. He was chosen in Rapid's Team of the Century in 1999.
After retiring as a player, Happel went on to become one of the greatest coaches of all time. He won the league title in four different countries. He also took two different clubs to gold in the European Champions' Cup (now the UEFA Champions League) and the Netherlands to second place in the 1978 World Cup. His first club was ADO Den Haag in 1962, with whom he won the Dutch Cup in 1968. After Den Haag he coached Feyenoord, with whom he won the Dutch championship in 1971, as well as the European Cup and the Intercontinental Cup in 1970.
At the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina, Happel was coach of the Dutch national team and reached the final against the Argentine national team. Always a man of few words, Happel's pre-match pep talk is said to have consisted of just one sentence: "Gentlemen, two points." The Dutch subsequently lost.
During his career as coach Happel worked for several clubs, including Sevilla, Club Brugge (winning the Belgian Championship title several times) and Hamburg (1981–1987, German champions in 1982 and 1983, German Cup winner 1987).
In 1983 he won the European Cup again, 13 years after the triumph with Feyenoord Rotterdam, this time with Hamburg. He is one of 5 coaches in the history of the European Cup (now called UEFA Champions League) to win the title with two different clubs (the others being Ottmar Hitzfeld, who won with both Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich, Jose Mourinho, who won with FC Porto and Inter Milan, Jupp Heynckes, who won with Real Madrid and Bayern Munich and Carlo Ancelotti, who won with AC Milan and Real Madrid).
In 1987 Happel returned to Austria as coach of FC Swarovski Tirol. With FC Tirol he won the Austrian Championship title twice (1989 and 1990) before becoming coach of the Austrian national team in 1992.
A heavy smoker for most of his adult life, Happel died of lung cancer in 1992 aged 66. In the wake of his death, the biggest football stadium in Austria, the Praterstadion in Vienna, was renamed Ernst-Happel-Stadion. Four days after his death Austria played against Germany and reached a 0:0 draw. Ernst Happel's cap lay on the bench during the whole game.
- As of 9 May 2012
|ADO Den Haag|
|Club Brugge||21 January 1974|
|Netherlands||31 August 1977||25 June 1978|
|Standard Liège||1 July 1979||30 June 1981|
|Hamburger SV||1 July 1981||30 June 1987||241||132||57||52||54.77|
|FC Tirol||1 July 1987||1 December 1991|
|Austria||1 January 1992||14 November 1992|
As a player
- Austrian Football Bundesliga (6):
- 1946, 1948, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1957
- Austrian Cup (1):
- Zentropa Cup (1):
As a coach
- ADO Den Haag
- Dutch Cup: 1967–68
- Club Brugge
- Standard Liège
- The Netherlands
- FIFA World Cup: (Runner–Up) 1978
- Hamburger SV
- FC Swarovski Tirol
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