Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

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Ernst I
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Reign 1853–1908
Predecessor George
Successor Ernst II
Born (1826-09-16)16 September 1826
Died 7 February 1908(1908-02-07) (aged 81)
Spouse Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau
Issue Prince Georg, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Altenburg
Marie, Princess Albert of Prussia
Full name
Ernst Frederick Paul Georg Nikolaus
House House of Wettin
Father Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Mother Marie Luise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Religion Lutheranism

Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (German: Ernst I. Friedrich Paul Georg Nikolaus von Sachsen-Altenburg ) (Hildburghausen, 16 September 1826 – Altenburg, 7 February 1908), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg. He was the first son of Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Marie Luise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1853 he succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg. He was of a retiring disposition and he took little active part in running the country. After a reign that lasted fifty five years, he died without a living direct male heir; because of this, he was succeeded by his nephew, Ernst.


He was married in Dessau on 28 April 1853 to Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau (1824–1897). Agnes was a sister of Friedrich I, Duke of Anhalt.[1]

They had two children:


Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar
Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Marie Luise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paul I of Russia
Elena Pavlovna of Russia
Sophia Dorothea of Württemberg


  1. ^ "Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg Dead". New York Times. 24 October 1897. 
German royalty
Preceded by
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Succeeded by
Ernst II