Ernst Krause

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Ernst Krause (1839–1903)

Dr Ernst Ludwig Krause also known under the pen-name Carus Sterne (22 November 1839 in Zielenzig, – 24 August 1903 in Eberswalde) was a German biologist.[1]

Initially a student of pharmacy, he later studied natural sciences at the University of Berlin. After graduation, he devoted himself to independent scientific research. He was a prominent and successful champion of Darwinism in Germany.[2] He also maintained an extensive correspondence with Germany's most outspoken popular Darwinist, Ernst Haeckel.[3]

Selected works[edit]

  • Die Naturgeschichte der Gespenster. Physikalisch-physiologisch-psychologische Studien, Weimar 1863 – The natural history of ghosts. Physico-physiological-psychological studies.
  • Werden und Vergehen eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Naturganzen in gemeinverständlicher Fassung (11 editions published between 1876 and 1907) – Growth and decay, a history of the whole of nature in a common sense approach.
  • "Erasmus Darwin", (30 editions published between 1879 and 2009 in English and German). Published in German as "Erasmus Darwin und seine Stellung in der Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie" (biography of Erasmus Darwin, translated from the German by W.S. Dallas; with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin).[4]
  • Charles Darwin und sein Verhältnis zu Deutschland (10 editions published between 1885 and 1887) – Charles Darwin and his relationship in Germany.
  • Die allgemeine Weltanschauung in ihrer historischen Entwickelung, Stuttgart 1889 – The general world belief in historical development.
  • Natur und Kunst : Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Kunst, 1891 – Nature and art: Studies on the developmental history of art.[5]
  • Geschichte der biologischen Wissenschaften im 19. Jahrhundert, Berlin 1901 – History of biological sciences in the 19th Century.

Krause was also the author of numerous articles in the journal Die Gartenlaube.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Daum, Andreas W. (1998). Wissenschaftspopularisierung im 19. Jahrhundert: Bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Öffentlichkeit, 1848 - 1914. Oldenbourg. pp. 361–64, 399–400, 497–98. ISBN 978-3-486-56337-5.
  2. ^ Google Books Deutsche Apotheker-Zeitung, Volume 18
  3. ^ Daum, Andreas W (1995). "Naturwissenschaftlicher Journalismus im Dienst der darwinistischen Weltanschauung: Ernst Krause alias Carus Sterne, Ernst Haeckel und die Zeitschrift Kosmos". Mauritiana (Altenburg). 15: 227–45.
  4. ^ WorldCat Title Erasmus Darwin
  5. ^ Works by or about Ernst Krause in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
  6. ^ de.Wikisource bibliography of Krause
  7. ^ IPNI.  E.L.Krause.

External links[edit]