Ernst Schröder (actor)

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Ernst Schröder
Born (1915-01-27)27 January 1915
Herne, Germany
Died 26 July 1994(1994-07-26) (aged 79)
Berlin, Germany
Years active 1934–1992
Spouse(s) Gesa Ferck (1946-?) (1 child)
Inge Thiesfeld (1937-1945) (divorced) (2 children)

Ernst Schröder (27 January 1915 – 26 July 1994) was a popular German theatre, film and TV actor.

Life[edit]

Born in Herne, Schröder began his acting career at the nearby Bochum Theatre in 1934, under the legendary director Saladin Schmitt. He worked there until 1936, also working as Assistant Director and Stage Designer. After working at Bielefeld and Wuppertal, he moved to the Schiller Theatre in Berlin in 1938, which became his artistic home and the location of his greatest triumphs, particularly after World War II.

During the war he served briefly in the army, was wounded, and returned to the Schiller Theatre in 1942. When in 1944 the theatre was closed, he returned to serve in the army, and ended the war in Italy as a prisoner. He returned to the theatre in 1946 and rapidly re-established his reputation.

He was a member of the jury at the 7th Berlin International Film Festival in 1957.[1]

He was considered one of the greatest character actors of the German theatre, enjoying larger than life roles. He was frequently compared with the pre-war star Heinrich George. In addition, he frequently acted in Zurich and Munich. Although he concentrated on stage work, both as actor and director, he occasionally appeared in film roles, most notably as German General Hans von Salmuth in the 1962 film The Longest Day.

He achieved broader popularity in the 1970s, appearing more frequently on television, particularly in crime shows like Derrick and Der Alte.

In 1980, his daughter, the actress Christiane Schröder (18 January 1942 – 17 September 1980), committed suicide by jumping off the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco.

In 1981, he staged a production of Shakespeare's King Lear at the Bad Hersfeld Festival. At the end of the 1980s he returned to television in the role of 'Lauritz Lorentz' in the series of Lorentz und Söhne (Lorentz and Sons).

In 1991-92, he appeared as the narrator in a dramatised radio version of The Lord of the Rings.

Throughout his career, Schröder also dubbed the voices of popular English-speaking actors into German. Amongst others, he provided the voices for Charles Boyer, James Cagney, William Conrad, Rex Harrison, Herbert Lom, Spencer Tracy, and Peter Ustinov.

At the age of 79, Schröder was diagnosed with cancer at a Berlin hospital. He committed suicide on 26 July 1994 by jumping out of a window.

Theatre[edit]

Year Title Role Author Director Notes
1937/38 Clavigo Clavigo Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1938/39 Konig Heinrich IV Prinz Heinrich William Shakespeare Ernst Legal
1946 Die Räuber Karl Moor Friedrich Schiller Walter Felsenstein
Fraulein Julie August Strindberg Ernst Schröder
Boubouroche Georges Courteline Ernst Schröder
1948 Caligula Title role Albert Camus
1950 Don Carlos Domingo Friedrich Schiller Fritz Kortner
1952 Urfaust Mephisto Goethe Willi Schmidt
1953 Die Räuber Karl Moor Friedrich Schiller Hans Lietzau
Tartuffe Title role Molière O.F. Schuh
1954 Der zerbrochene Krug Dorfrichter Adam Heinrich von Kleist O.F. Schuh
Warten auf Godot Wladimir Samuel Beckett Fritz Kortner with Heinz Rühmann
1958 Richard III Title role Shakespeare Leopold Lindtberg
Biedermann und die Brandstifter Schmitzi Max Frisch Oskar Wälterlin
1961 Die Echten Sedemunds Der alte Sedemund Ernst Barlach Hans Lietzau
Andorra Lehrer Max Frisch Kurt Hirschfeld World premiere
1962 Graf Öderland Staatsanwalt Max Frisch Hans Lietzau
1963 Herkules und der Stall des Augias Friedrich Dürrenmatt World premiere
1964 Christian Maske, 1913 Carl Sternheim
Marat/Sade Marquis de Sade Peter Weiss Konrad Swinarski World premiere
1965 Die Wanze Prisipkin Wladimir Majakowski Konrad Swinarski
1966 Faust II Mephisto Goethe Ernst Schröder
1967 Endspiel Hamm Samuel Beckett Samuel Beckett
Die Wiedertaufer Bockelson Friedrich Dürrenmatt Werner Düggelin World premiere
1968 Die Trauung Vater Witold Gombrowicz Ernst Schröder
1973 Lear Title role Edward Bond Hans Lietzau
1983 Über Allen Gipfeln Ist Ruh Moritz Meister Thomas Bernhard Kurt Hübner Volksbühne production

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Director Also Starring Notes
1940 Friedrich Schiller – The Triumph of a Genius Student Zumsteg Herbert Maisch Horst Caspar and Heinrich George
Fahrt ins Leben Seekadett Christian Wagner Bernd Hofmann Hedwig Bleibtreu
1941 Ohm Krüger Adrian Krüger Hans Steinhoff Emil Jannings
1942 Der große Schatten Dr. Martin Scholz Paul Verhoeven Heinrich George and Heidemarie Hatheyer
1944 The Degenhardts Jochem Degenhardt Werner Klingler Heinrich George
1949 The Last Illusion Walter Josef von Báky Fritz Kortner
1951 The Sinful Border Hugo Mielke Robert A. Stemmle Dieter Borsche, Inge Egger and Peter Mosbacher
1952 Poison in the Zoo Oskar Beck Hans Müller Irene von Meyendorff
Under the Thousand Lanterns Braun Erich Engel Michel Auclair
The Great Temptation Staatsanwalt Rolf Hansen Dieter Borsche, Ruth Leuwerik and Renate Mannhardt
1953 Diary of a Married Woman Dr. Hugendübel Josef von Báky Maria Schell and O. W. Fischer
The Man Between Olaf Kastner Carol Reed James Mason, Claire Bloom and Hildegard Knef
1954 Das ideale Brautpaar Dr. Martini Robert A. Stemmle Ingeborg Körner and Hans Reiser
Captain Wronski Stepan Ulrich Erfurth Willy Birgel, Elisabeth Flickenschildt
Ihre große Prüfung Dr. Rottach Rudolf Jugert Luise Ullrich and Hans Söhnker
1955 Liebe ohne Illusion Jellinek Erich Engel Sonja Ziemann and Curd Jürgens
The Plot to Assassinate Hitler SS-Obergruppenführer Falk Harnack Wolfgang Preiss
The Captain and His Hero Hauptmann Eisenhecker Max Nosseck Jo Herbst
Du mein stilles Tal Dr. Zöller Leonard Steckel Curd Jürgens and Winnie Markus
1956 Nacht der Entscheidung Jacques Ardent Falk Harnack Carl Raddatz, Hilde Krahl and Albert Lieven
Ohne Dich wird es Nacht Arthur Wehrmann Curd Jürgens Eva Bartok and Curd Jürgens
Kitty and the Great Big World Mr. Crawford - Sekretär Alfred Weidenmann Romy Schneider, Karlheinz Böhm and O.E. Hasse
The Story of Anastasia Falk Harnack Lilli Palmer and Ivan Desny
1957 Stresemann Dr. Gustav Stresemann Alfred Braun Anouk Aimée and Wolfgang Preiss
1958 Man müßte nochmal zwanzig sein Hans Quest Karlheinz Böhm
Auferstehung Der Gouverneur Rolf Hansen Horst Buchholz
Der eiserne Gustav Friedrich Karl Möbius George Hurdalek Heinz Rühmann and Lucie Mannheim
Solange das Herz schlägt Franke Alfred Weidenmann O.E. Hasse
1959 The Man Who Sold Himself Münchmann Josef von Báky Hildegard Knef and Hansjörg Felmy
The Black Chapel Julian Hoffmann Ralph Habib Peter van Eyck
Marili Waldemar Heller Josef von Báky Sabine Sinjen and Paul Hubschmid
1960 Strafbataillon 999 Dr. Kukill Harald Philipp Sonja Ziemann
The High Life Monsieur Alexander Julien Duvivier Giulietta Masina, Gustav Knuth and Gert Fröbe
Mein Schulfreund Hauptmann Kühn Robert Siodmak Heinz Rühmann
1962 The Counterfeit Traitor Baron Gerhard von Oldenburg George Seaton William Holden and Lilli Palmer
The Longest Day Gen. Hans von Salmuth Ken Annakin,
Andrew Marton,
Bernhard Wicki
and Darryl F. Zanuck
John Wayne and Robert Mitchum Uncredited
1963 Die Nylonschlinge G.B. Harrison Rudolf Zehetgruber Dietmar Schönherr
1964 The Secret of Dr. Mabuse Chefarzt Hugo Fregonese Peter van Eyck and O. E. Hasse
The Visit Mayor Bernhard Wicki Ingrid Bergman and Anthony Quinn
1965 Merveilleuse Angélique Le capitaine du Châtelet Bernard Borderie Michèle Mercier and Claude Giraud
Heidi Konsul Alfred Sesemann Werner Jacobs Gustav Knuth and Margot Trooger
1974 The Odessa File Werner Deilman Ronald Neame Jon Voight, Maximilian Schell and Maria Schell

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Author Director Also Starring Notes
1960 Abendstunde im Spatherbst Maximilian Friedrich Korbes Rudolf Noelte
1962 Leben Des Galilei Galileo Galilei Bertolt Brecht Egon Monk
Der Biberpelz Von Wehrhahn Gerhart Hauptmann John Olden Inge Meysel
1976 Derrick Werner Solms Herbert Reinecker Alfred Weidemann Mathieu Carrière
Dr. Scheibnitz Herbert Reinecker Dietrich Haugk Hans Stetter
1978 Die Eingesschlossenen Jean-Paul Sartre Pinkas Braun Judy Winter and Uwe Friedrichsen
1983 Derrick Professor Rotheim Herbert Reinecker Theodor Grädler Gisela Stein
1984 Mrs. Harris - Freund mit Rolls Royce Sir Wilmot Georg Tressler Inge Meysel, Edith Volkmann and Eberhard Feik
1988 Lorentz & Söhne Lauritz Lorentz Claus Peter Witt Heli Finkenzeller, Hans Korte and Gerd Baltus
1991 Rochade Melkovic Peter Patzak Michael York and Iris Berben (final film role)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "7th Berlin International Film Festival: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 

External links[edit]