Ernst zu Münster

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Ernst, Count of Munster (1822)

Graf Ernst Friedrich Herbert zu Münster (born March 1, 1766 Osnabrück - died May 20, 1839 Hanover) was a German statesman, politician and minister in the service of the House of Hanover.[a]


Ernst zu Münster was born the son of Georg von Münster [de] zu Surenburg [de] (1721–1773), Hofmarschall of the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück, and his second wife Eleonore. Count Münster studied at Göttingen University together with the three youngest sons of King George III. He entered the public service in the Electorate of Hanover. One of his first tasks was to bring Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex and his company home from Italy. Later he was appointed minister for the affairs of Hanover in London (the German Chancery) in 1805 following Ernst Ludwig von Lenthe. At the Congress of Vienna (1815) he had to care for the German assets of the House of Hanover which he successfully did. The electorate became the Kingdom of Hanover and gained territories at the North Sea, partially ruled earlier in personal union, such as the Duchies of Bremen-Verden and partially ruled by others, to wit East Frisia. However, the bulk of another duchy ruled before the Napoleonic Wars in personal union, Saxe-Lauenburg north of the river Elbe was assigned in personal union to Denmark. He stayed in office until 1831.


Ernst zu Münster, with his family.

Münster was married to Wilhelmine Charlotte von Lippe-Alverdissen, Countess of Münster (1783–1858); he was survived by his wife and son Georg Herbert Münster when he died in 1839.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Regarding personal names: Until 1919, Graf was a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. The female form is Gräfin. In Germany since 1919, it forms part of family names.. His title was given as "The Count Munster" in the official British Government translations from the French of the treaties he signed at the Congress of Vienna (see for example Treaty between Prussia and Hanover, 29 May 1815).

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ernst Ludwig Julius von Lenthe
Head of the German Chancery in London
1805 – 1831
Succeeded by
Ludwig Conrad Georg von Ompteda