Erroll Southers

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Erroll G. Southers is an expert in transportation security and counterterrorism and the author of Homegrown Violent Extremism (2013).[1] He is a professor of practice of governance at the University of Southern California (USC) Sol Price School of Public Policy,[2] the director of the homegrown violent extremism program at the USC Safe Communities Institute, the research area leader for Countering Violent Extremism at the DHS National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE),[3] and managing director, counter-terrorism & infrastructure protection at TAL Global Corporation. He was assistant chief of the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) police department's office of homeland security and intelligence.[4] He is a former special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and was deputy director of homeland security under California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.[5] In 2009 he was nominated by President Barack Obama to become head of the Transportation Security Administration, but withdrew.[6][7]

Education and early academic career[edit]

Southers earned a Bachelor of Arts degree at Brown University in 1978, a Master of Public Administration, at University of Southern California in 1998 and a doctorate in policy, planning and development, from the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy, in 2013. Southers' dissertation, "Homegrown Violent Extremism: Designing a Community-Based Model to Reduce the Risk of Recruitment and Radicalization," explored the "morality, leadership and group behavioral constructs capable of supporting a terrorism resistant community model."[8] He is a senior fellow of the UCLA School of Public Affairs[9] and a visiting fellow of the International Institute of Counter-Terrorism in Herzliya, Israel.

Career[edit]

Southers began his law enforcement career at the Santa Monica Police Department and served as a faculty member of the Rio Hondo police academy. During his four years in the FBI, Southers was assigned to counterterrorism, foreign counterintelligence and was a member of the bureau's SWAT Team. He was the deputy director for critical infrastructure protection of the California Office of Homeland Security (2004–2006), appointed by Schwarzenegger. He provided oversight of critical infrastructure protection policy, national pilot programs such as Protected Critical Infrastructure Information (PCII) and served as a member of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) working group, responsible for developing the NIPP.

In 2006, Southers was named associate director of special programs for CREATE, where he developed the university's executive program in counter-terrorism and serves as an adjunct professor of homeland security and public policy in the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy. Recognized as one of the university's counter-terrorism experts[by whom?], he lectures at the joint chiefs of staff level IV antiterrorism seminars and has testified before the full congressional committee on homeland security. In 2007, he was appointed chief of intelligence and counter-terrorism for the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) police department, the nation's largest aviation law enforcement agency.

Southers' interdisciplinary methodology has engaged CREATE and LAWA in pilot projects involving the testing of peroxide-based explosives detection methodologies and assistant randomized motoring over routes, designed to detect and deter terrorist pre-attack operations. His international experience includes counterterrorism study and lectures in Canada, Great Britain, Israel and China, where he was invited to assess the proposed terrorism countermeasures for the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Nomination[edit]

President Obama nominated Southers in September 2009, but the Senate recessed at the end of 2009, without having taken up the nomination. One reason for the delay was a hold placed on the nomination by Republican senator Jim DeMint, who opposed the unionization of TSA employees.[5] DeMint cited Southers' possible support of the unionization of the TSA, which is forbidden in TSA's founding legislation, and inconsistencies in Southers' account of running background checks for personal reasons in the 1980s.[10] After the attempted bombing of Northwest Airlines Flight 253, in December 2009, delays were criticized by Marshall McClain, the president of the Los Angeles Airport Police peace officers' association, stating: "Friday's terrorist attack on U.S. aviation makes it all the more imperative that there be no further delays in filling this crucial position."[5]

On December 30, 2009, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid announced he would file for cloture on the Southers nomination, once the Senate returned from the December recess. Given the Democratic supermajority in the Senate at the time of the nomination, it was expected that Southers would be confirmed sometime in January 2010.[11]

During the confirmation process, Southers offered an inconsistent account of database searches for criminal records on his estranged wife’s boyfriend in the 1980s, which McClatchy reported in 2010 was with regard to Southers’ concern for his infant son’s safety.[12] He corrected his testimony in a Nov. 22, 2009, letter to the Senate.[13]

On January 10, 2010, Southers withdrew his nomination, saying in a statement released by the White House, “My nomination has become a lightning rod for those who have chosen to push a political agenda at the risk of the safety and security of the American people.”[14]

Commenting on Southers’ withdrawal, the former DHS Undersecretary for Border and Transportation Security Asa Hutchinson wrote, “This is an example of someone getting caught in Washington's political cross fires over something [unionization of TSA employees] that is candidly out of his control.”[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Homegrown Violent Extremism. New York, NY: Routledge. 2013
  2. ^ Erroll Southers, Professor of Practice of Governance, USC
  3. ^ Erroll Southers, Research Area Leader for Countering Violent Extremism, CREATE
  4. ^ Schofield, Adrian. "White House Picks Southers For TSA", Aviation Week, 10 September 2009. Retrieved on 03 December 2009
  5. ^ a b c Talev, Margaret (2009-12-28). "Who's running the TSA? No one, thanks to Sen. Jim DeMint". McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  6. ^ Ahlers, Mike M. "Obama taps Los Angeles airport police official for top TSA job", CNN.com, 10 September 2009. Retrieved on 03 December 2009.
  7. ^ AP. "Obama's TSA Nominee Withdraws Amid 'Political Agenda'", 20 January 2010. Retrieved on 20 January 2010.
  8. ^ Dr. Erroll Southers, "Homegrown Violent Extremism: Designing a Community-Based Model to Reduce the Risk of Recruitment and Radicalization," USC, 16 September 2013. Retrieved on 21 March 2017.
  9. ^ Erroll Southers, Associate Director of Special Programs, CREATE
  10. ^ "TSA Nominee Corrects Record on 'Inconsistencies' to Congress". Fox News. 2010-01-01. 
  11. ^ Sen. Harry Reid to force vote on TSA nominee. Los Angeles Times, 2009-12-31.
  12. ^ Obama Folds on TSA Nominee as Southers Pulls Out. McClatchy, 20 January 2010. Retrieved on 23 March 2017.
  13. ^ Erroll Southers Withdraws Name from TSA Nomination. Associated Press, 20 January 2010. Retrieved on 23 March 2017.
  14. ^ Erroll Southers, Obama’s Choice to Head TSA, Withdraws Nomination. Washington Post, 21 January 2010. Retrieved on 23 March 2017.
  15. ^ Erroll Southers and Allies Respond. ABC News, 20 January 2010. Retrieved on 23 March 2017.

External links[edit]