Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso
|Comune di Erto e Casso|
View of a central road in Erto
Erto e Casso within the Province of Pordenone
|Frazioni||Casso, Erto (municipal seat)|
|• Mayor||Antonio Carrara|
|• Total||52.43 km2 (20.24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||775 m (2,543 ft)|
|• Density||7.1/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Erto e Casso (local Friulian: Nert and Cas) is an Italian municipality in the Province of Pordenone in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Pordenone.
The commune consists of Erto (the municipal seat, population: 341), Casso (population: 35), and some smaller places: Cavalle, Col della Ruava, Forcai, Liron, Pineda, San Martino and Val del Pont.
Erto e Casso borders the municipalities of Castellavazzo, Cimolais, Claut, Longarone, Ospitale di Cadore, Perarolo di Cadore, Alpago and Soverzene. All the bordering municipalities, except Cimolais and Claut, are part of the nearby Province of Belluno, in Veneto.
The comune is composed by the main settlements of Erto, the administrative seat, and Casso. The other hamlets, (frazioni), composed by few scattered farmhouses, are the localities of Forcai, Pineda, San Martino, and Val da Pont.
The village of Erto was first mentioned in 8th century. Differently from Casso, in which is spoken bellunese (a Venetian dialect), the local language is a dialect of Ladin language, colloquailly named ertano.
Erto and Casso were the two villages in the Vajont (/vaˈjɔnt/) valley, above the artificial lake, before the Vajont Dam disaster on 9 October 1963. The landslide and flood killed almost 2,000 people in total, destroying five villages in the Piave valley but leaving Erto and Casso only slightly damaged. The two villages were cautionally evacuated within three days of the disaster and the valley stayed empty for three years thereafter. During those years, some of the survivors settled down in the Maniago municipality, creating what would become the new Vajont municipality from 1971.
Three years after evacuation, some other survivors, in spite of being forbidden to return to the valley, went back to their former houses and reformed the villages of Erto and Casso, which still form the municipality today.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- (in Italian) Infos about Erto on italia.indettaglio.it
- (in Italian) Infos about Casso on italia.indettaglio.it
- (in Italian) Information about the Vajont disaster on municipal website Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
- (in Italian) Infos about Mauro Corona on municipal website Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
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