Erum (Hebrew)

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Erum (ערום or Arum), (plural erumim ערומים) is a Hebrew word meaning "cautious, cunning, subtle, crafty, or prudent".

  • Erum, whether in its singular or plural forms, is found in many places in the Hebrew Bible. Some examples include:
    • Genesis 3:1 (singular), meaning "cunning", referring to the serpent or Satan (See note below).
    • Job 5:12 (plural), meaning "cunning", referring to those who plot.
    • Job 5:13 (singular), meaning "shrewd", referring to tricksters.
    • Job 15:5 (plural), meaning "clever", referring to well thought words.
    • Genesis 2:25 (plural), rendered "naked". The Targum Pseudo-Jonathan renders erumim as wise.[1]

Note: The consensus of the Biblical commentators in classical Judaism is that the "serpent" of the narrative in the Book of Genesis, was literally a serpent. They differ regarding what force it represented: The "evil inclination", "Satan", or the "Angel of Death". According to the Midrash, before this cunning beast was cursed, it stood erect and was endowed with some faculty of communication.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]