The Ẹrụwa vowel system is hardly reduced from that reconstructed for proto-Edoid. There are nine vowels in two harmonic sets, /i e a o u/ and /ɪ ɛ a ɔ ʊ/.
The language arguably has no phonemic nasal stops; [m, n] alternate with [b, l], depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. The approximants /ʋ, ɹ, j, w/ also have nasal allophones. The inventory is:
|Plosive||p b [m]||t d||k ɡ||k͡p ɡ͡b|
|Fricative||f v||s z||x ɣ||h|
- Ẹrụwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eruwa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Archangeli & Pulleyblank, 1994. Grounded phonology, p 181ff
- Jeff Mielke, 2008. The emergence of distinctive features, p 136ff;
also found in Variation and gradience in phonetics and phonology, p 26ff
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