The centre of Ervillers
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Louis Lebrun|
|7.13 km2 (2.75 sq mi)|
|• Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||77–115 m (253–377 ft) |
(avg. 98 m or 322 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
A farming village situated 11 miles (17.7 km) south of Arras at the junction of the N17, D36 and D9 roads.
Prehistoric fossils have been found here, including elephant teeth. Roman objects such as coins, vases, skeletons and evidence of buildings have also been unearthed. This demonstrates that Ervillers was inhabited in Roman times, especially at the place called "Capieau".
The parish was first recorded in the 12th century.
The seigneurie of Ervillers has passed down through the families of Viéville, Lalaing, Egmont, Luxembourg, and Diesbach-Belleroche. On 28 August 1654 Ervillers saw a visit from Louis XIV and the Queen mother, who lunched there while travelling on to Péronne and Arras, where the siege had been lifted by Marshal Turenne.
Ervillers also has several underground shelters. They were probably old quarries and were turned into "muches." One of these caves was about 20 meters underground and had 9 rooms, a corridor, a stable and animal pens. Wells provided both ventilation and a water supply.
In December 1870 the Prussians pillaged the village. Ervillers was also the theatre of operations during the Battle of Bapaume (1871) in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71.
The First World War saw the village suffer total destruction.
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
Places of interest
- The church of St. Martin, rebuilt, as was most of the village, after World War I.
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery.
- Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department
- Arthur Henry Cross - who won the Victoria Cross at Ervillers in 1918
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