Erwin, North Carolina

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Erwin, North Carolina
Downtown Erwin
Downtown Erwin
Location of Erwin, North Carolina
Location of Erwin, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°19′22″N 78°40′19″W / 35.32278°N 78.67194°W / 35.32278; -78.67194Coordinates: 35°19′22″N 78°40′19″W / 35.32278°N 78.67194°W / 35.32278; -78.67194
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Harnett
 • Mayor Patsy Carson
 • Total 4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)
 • Land 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 187 ft (57 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,405
 • Density 1,128.8/sq mi (435.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28339
Area code(s) 910
FIPS code 37-21740[1]
GNIS feature ID 1020169[2]

Erwin is a town in Harnett County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 4,405 at the 2010 census. Erwin is a part of the Dunn Micropolitan Area, which is also a part of the greater Raleigh–Durham–Cary Combined Statistical Area (CSA) as defined by the United States Census Bureau.


Erwin’s history stretches back to colonial times through its connections to the nearby colonial settlement of Averasboro. Here, Timber Rafters along the Cape Fear River would stop for the night and resupply. Although long abandoned, historical accounts of Averasboro during the Revolutionary War and as the site of one of the last battles of the Civil War bring a rich history to Erwin that can still be explored today.[3] In 1904, the Duke family built the iconic Erwin Cotton Mill, which closed in 2000 because of newer technologies. Duke named the town after his last name, Duke. In 1925, there were a number of houses built along West C Street. Because of Duke University changing its name, Duke finally changed its name to Erwin in 1926. In the 70s, the houses in Erwin were renovated.[4] Oak Grove and the Averasboro Battlefield Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]


Erwin is located at 35°19′22″N 78°40′19″W / 35.32278°N 78.67194°W / 35.32278; -78.67194 (35.322840, −78.672005).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), of which, 4.0 square miles (10 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.99%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 3,344
1960 3,183 −4.8%
1970 2,852 −10.4%
1980 2,828 −0.8%
1990 4,061 43.6%
2000 4,537 11.7%
2010 4,405 −2.9%
Est. 2015 4,679 [7] 6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,537 people, 1,896 households, and 1,287 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,128.8 people per square mile (435.8/km²). There were 2,032 housing units at an average density of 505.6 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 80.63% White, 15.96% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 1.79% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.14% of the population.

There were 1,896 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,521, and the median income for a family was $41,270. Males had a median income of $29,610 versus $22,650 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,282. About 16.4% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 31.3% of those age 65 or over.

Erwin includes three schools: Gentry Primary, Erwin Elementary, and Triton High School.


In early 2012, Erwin became home to the tallest sphere-topped water tower. The 219.75 foot structure is about eight feet taller than the previous record holder, the Union Watersphere in Union, New Jersey.[9]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Erwin".  External link in |website= (help);
  4. ^ "Zillow".  External link in |website= (help);
  5. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Rose, Lisa (February 22, 2012), "Despite challenge, Union Township water tower remains a Jersey landmark", The Star-Ledger, retrieved 2012-02-21 

External links[edit]