Erwin Canham

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Erwin Dain Canham
Erwin Canham in Boston.jpg
Erwin Canham
BornFebruary 13, 1904
DiedJanuary 3, 1982(1982-01-03) (aged 77)
NationalityAmerican
EducationBates College, Oxford University
OccupationNewspaper editor
Spouse(s)Thelma Whitman Canham
(m. 1924-1967 died)
Patience "Sue" Daltry Canham
(m. 1968-1982)
ChildrenCarolyn Paul (born 1931)
Elizabeth Davis (born 1942)[1]

Erwin Dain Canham (February 13, 1904 – January 3, 1982), sometimes referred to as Erwin D. Canham, was an American journalist and author; best known for his work as the longest serving editor of the Christian Science Monitor. He also was the last Resident Commissioner of the Northern Mariana Islands, and was very active in various civic, political, and journalistic activities.

Early Life[edit]

Canham grew up in Maine, where, when he was as young as 8 years old, he began helping his father run a small newspaper in Sanford. He attended high-school in Auburn, Maine.[2] In 1925 Canham graduated from Bates College, where was captain of the debating team and was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and he joined the Christian Science Monitor the same year.[3]

Career[edit]

Soon after starting work at the Monitor, Canham took leave to earn his bachelor's and master's degrees at Oriel College, Oxford University on a Rhodes scholarship,[4] covering the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland for the Monitor on breaks,[3] where he made a significant impression and built a long list of contacts. After finishing up at Oxford in 1928, Canham was put in charge of the Monitor's Geneva bureau. He wrote about international affairs in the company of other Monitor correspondents such as Roscoe Drummond, William Henry Chamberlin and Reuben H. Markham.[5] He stayed there until 1932 when he returned to the United States to head up the Washington, D.C. bureau.[2]

In 1939, Canham returned to Boston as a general news editor. Roscoe Drummond, a close friend of Canham's who replaced him as head of the Monitor's Washington bureau, gave Canham the nickname "Spike" because it was "the most incongruous one" he could think of for Canham's personality, since he was "such a scholarly type."[3] In Boston, Canham worked under editor Roland Harrison until taking over as chief editor in 1941, although under the title managing editor until 1944. In this position he had significant influence on how the Monitor covered World War II.[2] Canham became the Monitor's longest-serving editor, assuming the title editor-in-chief in 1964, and in 1974, retiring and being named editor emeritus.[3] During that time he reported on many major world events, including the founding of NATO and the United Nations, where he acted as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly.[3][6]

Besides his work at the Monitor, Canham was involved in other civic and professional activities and organizations. He served as president and board chairman of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, president of the American Society of Newspaper Editors, and president of the board of trustees of the Boston Public Library. He also served on the Bates College board of trustees, was a member of President Richard Nixon's Commission on Campus Unrest, and served as chair of the National Manpower Commission under the Eisenhower administration, and on an advisory commission to the U.S. Information Agency.[3][6][7]

In 1955, Canham helped mediate a cell block takeover at the Charlestown Prison.[3] He was asked, along with six other men whom the prisoners respected, to listen to their story and see their living conditions. In the end, the hostages which the prisoners had taken were released. Canham later called the experience one of the most meaningful in his life.[2]

Resident Commissioner[edit]

In 1975, Canham accepted an assignment by the United States government to oversee a referendum in which residents voted to withdraw from the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. He then was appointed as the last Resident Commissioner of the Northern Marianas Islands from 1975 to 1978. Afterwards, Canham kept his home in Saipan, often traveling between there and Massachusetts, and remained active in journalism and other activities.[8]

He underwent abdominal surgery at Guam Memorial Hospital two weeks before his passing on January 3, 1982. At the time, he had been working on a book describing the history of the Northern Marianas Islands. His remains were interred in Guam.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Canham advocated for honesty and ethics in journalism. The Monitor won its first Pulitzer Prizes under Canham's leadership. While he was editor, "the Monitor was considered by most media critics as one of the most respected and influential publications in the country. It was especially lauded for its national and international reporting as well as for its writing style and typographical excellence" according to the Washington Post.[3] The Marianas Variety wrote that "[in] a political atmosphere often charged with acrimony and pettiness, he managed to remain fair, objective and untainted by narrow partisanship."[9]

Published works[edit]

  • South Africa through American eyes. London: Public relations office, 1948
  • The Authentic Revolution, etc. London: United States Information Service, 1950
  • Awakening: the world at mid-century New York: Longmans, Green & Co, 1951
  • New frontiers for freedom. New York: Longmans, Green & Co, 1954
  • The Christian Science monitor; to injure no man, but to bless all mankind. 1908-1954. New York: Newcomen Society, American Branch, 1954
  • Commitment to freedom; the story of the Christian Science Monitor. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958
  • Man's great future. (with Rob Nordell) New York: Longmans, Green & Co, 1959
  • A Christian Scientist's Life. (printed with The Christian Science Way of Life by DeWitt John, another Monitor editor) Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962
  • The American position in the world. Claremont, CA: Claremont Colleges, 1965
  • The ethics of United States foreign relations. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1966
  • The Spiritual revolution. Boston: Christian Science Publishing Society, 1966
  • Campus crisis. Boston: Christian Science Publishing Society, 1971

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canham, Erwin. A Christian Scientist's Life. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962. p. 222
  2. ^ a b c d Collins, Keith S. (2012). The Christian Science Monitor: Its History, Mission, and People. Nebbadoon Press.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Pearson, Richard (4 January 1982). "Erwin Dain Canham, 77, Editor of Monitor, Dies". washingtonpost.com. Washington Post.
  4. ^ "Erwin Canham". Rhodes Scholar Database. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  5. ^ Canham, Erwin (1958). Commitment to Freedom. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. p. Picture, European Bureau, 1930.
  6. ^ a b The papers of Erwin D. Canham, editor of The Christian Science Monitor The Mary Baker Eddy Library.
  7. ^ "Find a grave".
  8. ^ a b (January 8, 1982). Tribute Paid to Canham's Memory. Marianas Variety
  9. ^ Liepman, Kurt (January 8, 1982). Erwin D. Canham - He Will Be Missed. Marianas Variety