18 May 1881|
Bonn, Prussia, German Empire
|Died||1 August 1972
Frankfurt, Hesse, West Germany
|Institutions||Goethe University Frankfurt|
|Alma mater||University of Göttingen|
|Doctoral advisor||Hermann Theodor Simon|
|Other academic advisors||Eduard Riecke|
|Known for||Madelung equations
Erwin Madelung (18 May 1881 – 1 August 1972) was a German physicist. He was born in 1881 in Bonn. His father was the surgeon Otto Wilhelm Madelung. He earned a doctorate in 1905 from the University of Göttingen, specializing in crystal structure, and eventually became a professor. It was during this time he developed the Madelung constant, which characterizes the net electrostatic effects of all ions in a crystal lattice, and is used to determine the energy of one ion.
In 1921 he succeeded Max Born as the Chair of Theoretical Physics at the Goethe University Frankfurt, which he held until his retirement in 1949. He specialized in atomic physics and quantum mechanics, and it was during this time he developed the Madelung equations, an alternative form of the Schrödinger equation.
- Magnetisierung durch schnell verlaufende Stromvorgänge mit Rücksicht auf Marconis Wellendetektor. Göttingen, Univ., Phil. Fak., Diss., 1905.
- Die mathematischen Hilfsmittel des Physikers, Springer Verlag, Berlin 1922. subsequent editions: 1925, 1936, 1950, 1953, 1957, 1964.
- "Erwin Madelung 1881-1972". Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main. 12 December 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- Koopman, B. O. (1924). "Review: Die mathematischen Hilfsmittel des Physikers, by E. Madelung". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 30 (5): 272. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1924-03905-6.
- Uhler, H. S. (1926). "Review: Die mathematischen Hilfsmittel des Physikers, 2nd edn., by E. Madelung". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 32 (6): 718–719. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1926-04316-0.
- Margenau, Henry (1936). "Review: Die mathematischen Hilfsmittel des Physikers, 3rd edn., by E. Madelung". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 42 (7, Part 1): 476. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1936-06329-9.
- Literature by and about Erwin Madelung in the German National Library catalogue
- Portrait drawing at Frankfurt University