Erymna

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Erymna (Ancient Greek: Ἐρυμνή) or Orymna (Ancient Greek: Ὄρυμνα) was a town in Pamphylia. The form "Orymna" is that given in the Synecdemus and the Notitiae Episcopatuum.[1][2][3] and in the ecumenical councils,[4] but inscriptions found on the site show that the inhabitants used the form with "E".[1][3] Stephanus of Byzantium stated that the form used in the Lyciaca of Alexander Polyhistor was Erymnae (Ancient Greek: Ἐρυμναί, plural of Ἐρυμνή).[5] The modern name of the site is Ormana, reflecting the ancient name.[1]

Site[edit]

Little remains of the town. Apart from the foundations of a colonnaded building and a single sarcophagus, only some architectural stones are to be found at Ormana.[1]

History[edit]

The town may have earlier been a member of the Kentenneis tribe, but it is known only as a normal independent Greek city. It never issued coinage.[1]

Bishopric[edit]

As a Christian bishopric, Orymna was a suffragan see of Side, the capital and metropolitan see of the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima. Its bishop Paulus took part in the Council of Ephesus in 431. Theodorus was at the Third Council of Constantinople in 480 and the Trullan Council of 692. Stephanus was one of the bishops at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787. And Methodius was at the Photian Council of Constantinople (879).[6][7]

No longer a residential bishopric, Orymna is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.]].[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Stillwell, Richard; et alii. "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites". Perseus Digital Library. Tufts University. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Belke, Klaus (2000). Byzanz als Raum. Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. p. 151. ISBN 9783700128724. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Ramsay, William M. (2010). The Historical Geography of Asia Minor (reprint ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 419. ISBN 9781108014533. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Schieffer, Rudolf (1984). Acta Conciliorum Oecumenicorum, vol. 3, Index Generalis. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co. p. 239. ISBN 9783110861747. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Smith, William. "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854)". Perseus Digital Library. Tufts University. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  6. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 1003-1004
  7. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 450
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 946