Eryngium maritimum, the sea holly or seaside eryngo, is a species of Eryngium in the plant family Apiaceae and native to most European coastlines. It resembles a plume thistle in that its flower is burr-shaped, but the flowers are metallic blue rather than mauve. Protected from winds this dune plant grows to a height of 20 to 60 cm. Although widespread, it is considered endangered in many areas, such as Germany where its occurrence has been greatly reduced throughout and has become locally extinct in several districts.
— Falstaff, Act 5, scene v, "The Merry Wives of Windsor", William Shakespeare
Sea holly was nominated the 2002 County flower for the city of Liverpool. Asteroid 199194 Calcatreppola was named after this plant. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 25 September 2018 (M.P.C. 111803).
Flowers, Meia Praia beach, Lagos, Portugal
In Rewa, Poland
MHNT botanical specimen
In Aggelohori, Greece
This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia
- Media related to Eryngium maritimum at Wikimedia Commons
- Plants for a Future—PFAF Plant Database: Eryngium maritimum (Sea Holly)
- Schutzstation-wattenmeer.de: Further information and images— (in German)
- Linnaeus.nrm.se; Den virtuelle floran: Distribution map