Erythema multiforme major
|Erythema multiforme majus|
|Micrograph of confluent epidermal necrosis. H&E stain.|
|Classification and external resources|
Erythema multiforme major (also known as "Erythema multiforme majus") is a form of rash with skin loss or epidermal detachment.
The term "Erythema multiforme majus" is sometimes used to imply a bullous (blistering) presentation.
According to some sources, there are two conditions included on a spectrum of this same disease process:
- Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS)
- Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) which described by Alan Lyell and previously called Lyell syndrome.
However, a consensus classification separates erythema multiforme minor, erythema multiforme major, and SJS/TEN as three separate entities.
- Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0.
- Daniel J. Trozak; Dan J. Tennenhouse (1 October 2005). Dermatology skills for primary care: an illustrated guide. Humana Press. pp. 161–. ISBN 978-1-58829-489-0. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- "Erythema Multiforme: eMedicine Emergency Medicine".
- Bastuji-Garin S, Rzany B, Stern RS, Shear NH, Naldi L, Roujeau JC (January 1993). "Clinical classification of cases of toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and erythema multiforme". Arch Dermatol. 129 (1): 92–6. doi:10.1001/archderm.129.1.92. PMID 8420497.
5. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2010, 5:39 doi:10.1186/1750-1172-5-39
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