Erythrolamprus aesculapii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Erythrolamprus aesculapii
Erythrolamprus aesculapii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Subfamily: Xenodontinae
Genus: Erythrolamprus
Species: E. aesculapii
Binomial name
Erythrolamprus aesculapii
(Linnaeus, 1758)[1]
Synonyms

Erythrolamprus aesculapii, commonly known as the false coral, boicora, or falsa coral, is a colubrid snake endemic to South America.[3]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Amazonian South America.[3][4]

It is also found on the island of Trinidad (in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago).[5]

Habitat[edit]

It is often found in the leaf litter or burrowing in the soil in rain forests.[3]

Diet[edit]

It feeds mainly on other snakes, including venomous species.[3]

Venom[edit]

This snake is mildly venomous.[5]

Mimicry[edit]

The brightly colored, ringed patterns of snakes of the genus Erythrolamprus resemble those of sympatric coral snakes of the genus Micrurus, and it has been suggested that this is due to mimicry. Whether this is classical Batesian mimicry, classical Müllerian mimicry, a modified form of Müllerian mimicry, or no mimicry at all, remains to be proven.[6]

Subspecies[edit]

The following four subspecies are recognized, including the nominotypical subspecies:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information Sysyem). www.itis.gov.
  2. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ),... Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, Printers.) London. xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I.- XXV. (Erthrolamprus æsculapii, pp. 200-204.)
  3. ^ a b c d e Freiberg, M. 1982. Snakes of South America. T.F.H. Publications. Hong Kong. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Erythrolamprus aesculapii, pp. 66, 98, 132 + photograph on p. 42 + line drawing of head scalation on p. 67.)
  4. ^ Cole, C.J., C.R. Townsend, R.P. Reynolds, R.D. MacCulloch and A. Lathrop (2013). "Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: Illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 125: 317–620. doi:10.2988/0006-324x-125.4.317. 
  5. ^ a b Erythrolamprus aesculapii at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 25 August 2014.
  6. ^ Goin, C.J.; O.B. Goin; G.R. Zug. 1978. Introduction to Herpetology, Third Edition. W.H. Freeman. San Francisco. xi + 378 pp. ISBN 0-7167-0020-4. (Mimicry in Erythrolamprus, p. 159.)

Further reading[edit]

  • Boos, Hans E.A. (2001). The Snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press. College Station, Texas. xvi + 328 pp. ISBN 1-58544-116-3. 
  • Linnaeus, L. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diferentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. L.Salvius. Stockholm. 824 pp. (Coluber æsculapii, p. 220.)
  • Wickler, Wolfgang (1968). Mimicry in Plants and Animals. McGraw-Hill Book Company. ASIN B00221P5R8.