Erythrolamprus bizona

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Erythrolamprus bizona
Erythrolamprus bizona - Colombia.jpg
false coral snake
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Dipsadidae
Genus: Erythrolamprus
Species: E. bizona
Binomial name
Erythrolamprus bizona
Jan, 1863[1]
Synonyms
  • Erythrolamprus aesculapii var. bizona Jan, 1863
  • Erythrolamprus bizona
    Dunn & Bailey, 1939
  • Erythrolamprus bizonus
    Savage, 2002
  • Erythrolamprus bizona
    G.A. Rivas et al., 2012[2]

Erythrolamprus bizona, commonly known as the false coral snake, is a species of colubrid snake, which is endemic to northern South America and Central America.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Colombia, Venezuela,[3] Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama,[2] and on the island of Trinidad (in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago).

Mimicry[edit]

Similar in pattern to a coral snake, this species probably gains protection through mimicry.

Diet[edit]

It probably feeds mainly on other snakes.

Habitat[edit]

It is often found in the leaf litter or burrowed in the soil in rain forests.

Symbiotic relationship[edit]

It burrows primarily near the Pouteria caimito, commonly known as the abiu, a tropical fruit tree, the nutrients of which supply the snake's clutch of eggs. In turn the tree is fertilized by the snake's urine and embryotic fluid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITIS (Integrated taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. ^ a b The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ Freiberg, M.A. 1982. Snakes of South America. T.F.H. Publications. Hong Kong. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Erythrolamprus bizona, p. 98.)

Further reading[edit]

  • Boos, Hans E.A. (2001). The Snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press. College Station, Texas. xvi + 328 pp. ISBN 1-58544-116-3. 
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. (2004). "Notes on reproduction in the false coral snakes, Erythrolamprus bizona and Erythrolamprus mimus (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Costa Rica". The Texas Journal of Science. Texas Academy of Science. 56 (2): 171–174. 
  • Jan G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat.Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330. (Erythrolamprus aesculapii [var.] bizona, pp. 314–316.)