Erythronium oregonum

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Erythronium oregonum
Erythronium oregonum 5581.JPG

Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Erythronium
Species:
E. oregonum
Binomial name
Erythronium oregonum
Synonyms[2]

Erythronium oregonum is a North American species of flowering plant in the lily family which is known by the common name giant white fawnlily or Oregon fawn-lily.[3][4]

erythronium oregonum flower

It is native to western North America, where it grows in the Pacific Coast Ranges from southwestern British Columbia to northern California.[2][5][4]

Distribution[edit]

In North America from southern British Columbia south to northern California, west of the Cascade Range to the Coast Range and Siskiyous.[6] It grows at low elevations in open meadows and in mixed woodlands.

Description[edit]

Erythronium oregonum is wildflower growing from a bulb 3 to 5 centimeters wide and produces basal, lance-shaped green leaves up to 22 centimeters long and often mottled with brown and white. Thin naked stalks up to about 40 centimeters in height each bear one to three flowers.

Each flower has white tepals with yellow bases, sometimes streaked with dull red. The flower is often nodding, facing the ground. Its tepals are recurved so their points face upward. The stamens and stigma are white and the anthers may be white to yellow.

History[edit]

"John Burroughs is said to have named this species 'fawn lily' because he thought the two leaves looked like the pricked ears of a fawn. more likely, 'fawn' alludes to the mottled leaf coloring."[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Erythronium Oregonum". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Vol. 26 Page 158 Oregon fawn-lily, Erythronium oregonum Applegate, Madroño. 3: 99. 1935.
  4. ^ a b Calflora taxon report, Erythronium oregonum Appleg. Oregon fawn lily, giant white fawnlily
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  6. ^ "Erythronium oregonum | Oregon fawn lily | Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest". www.pnwflowers.com. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  7. ^ Pojar, Mackinnon, Jim, Andy (1994). Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Vancouver, BC: Lone Pine Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 1-55105-040-4.

External links[edit]