|Red-throated parrotfinch (Erythrura psittacea)|
About 12, see text.
Parrotfinches are small, colourful passerine birds belonging to the genus Erythrura in the family Estrildidae, the estrildid finches. They occur from South-east Asia to New Guinea, northern Australia and many Pacific Islands. They inhabit forest, bamboo thickets and grassland and some can be found in man-made habitats such as farmland, parks and gardens. Several species are commonly kept as cagebirds.
They are 9 to 15 cm long. The plumage is usually mainly green. Most species have blue or red markings on the head and a red rump and tail. The tail is pointed and often fairly long.
There are 10-13 species of parrotfinch. The Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) is also often included in this genus.
- Tawny-breasted parrotfinch or green-tailed parrotfinch, Erythrura hyperythra
- Pin-tailed parrotfinch, Erythrura prasina
- Green-faced parrotfinch, Erythrura viridifacies
- Tricolored parrotfinch or three-coloured parrotfinch, Erythrura tricolor
- Blue-faced parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa
- Red-eared parrotfinch or Mount Katanglad parrotfinch, Erythrura coloria
- Papuan parrotfinch, Erythrura papuana
- Red-throated parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea
- Red-headed parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens
- Fiji parrotfinch, Erythrura pealii
- Royal parrotfinch, Erythrura regia
- Pink-billed parrotfinch, Erythrura kleinschmidti
- Gouldian finch, Erythrura gouldiae
- Clement, Peter; Harris, Alan & Davies, John (1993) Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide, Christopher Helm, London.
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