|Comune di Esanatoglia|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Macerata (MC)|
|• Mayor||Giorgio Pizzi (since May 2006)|
|• Total||47 km2 (18 sq mi)|
|Elevation||495 m (1,624 ft)|
|• Density||45/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Santa Anatolia|
The current name Esanatoglia was given in 1862, from a combination between Aesa and Anatolia, replacing the medieval Santa Anatolia, which in turn was derived from Saint Anatolia, a 3rd-century Christian martyr. The first known document referring to Santa Anatolia dates from 1015, concerning the foundation of the monastery of Sant’Angelo by Conte Atto and his wife Berta. The monastery became soon the most important religious establishment in the area.
The city was ruled by the Malcavalca until 1211, when they were succeeded the Ottoni di Matelica. Three years later, and for three hundred years, the da Varano family hold the city. Under the da Varano Santa Anatolia maintained a certain autonomy: the first collection of statutory norms dates from 1324. The citadel remained immune from wars and pillages until 1443, when it was conquered by Francesco I Sforza. The monastery of Sant'Angelo and its library did not escape the devastation.
In 1502 it became part of the Papal States.
- Eremo di San Cataldo; formerly part of a hermitage, now a guard tower of medieval origin, located at the top of the mountain facing the city.
- Eremo di San Pietro di Esanatoglia; formerly a hermitage atop a steep mountain side.
- San Martino: 13-14th-century church located in the city's center
- San Sebastiano
- Santa Maria Maddalena: baroque church
- Fountain of San Martino (possibly from the 12th century). In 1534 it was re-built by order of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
- Sant'Andrea Gate