Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Escadron de chasse 3/30 Lorraine (Fighter Squadron 3/30 Lorraine)
Active1940 - present
Country France
BranchFrench-roundel.svg French Air Force
TypeFighter aircraft
Part of30e Escadare de Chasse
(French: 30e Escadre de Chasse)
composed of 3 Escadrilles :
SAL 56
SPA 38
SPA 162
EquipmentDassault Rafale
Engagements

The Escadron de Chasse or Fighter Squadron 3/30 Lorraine (French: Escadron de chasse 3/30 Lorraine) is a fighter unit of the French Air Force, reactivated on October 2010 under the designation of 3/30 "Lorraine".

History[edit]

A Mirage F1 of the current Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen and another Mirage of the actual Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine (French: Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine) in 1986 armed with Matra R530. Both respective squadron insignias are visible on the aircraft.
F1B with colors of the 3/33 in 2002.

This Escadron is heir to the famous of Lorraine Bombardment Group (French: Groupe de bombardement Lorraine), Order of Liberation.

On June 27, 1944, the Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine was designated again 3/33 "Lorraine".

On June 18, 1996, the Escadron 3/33 « Lorraine » was awarded the Fourragere at the colors of the Order of Liberation by the President of France Jacques Chirac.

The 3/33 « Lorraine », placed in a dormant phase on August 2005, was reactivated under the designation of 3/30 "Lorraine" on October 2010 on Aerial Base 104 Al Dhafra (French: ase aérienne 104 Al Dhafra) at the United Arab Emirates to fly on the Rafale and the Mirage 2000-5, then uniquely on the Rafale since March 2011.

On June 24, 2016,[1] the 3/30 Lorraine was integrated into the 30e Escadre de Chasse and replaced the 1/7 Provence on the Saint-Dizier Air Base. Only the traditions were transferred, not the personnel nor the aircraft. Accordingly, the aircraft were progressively repainted with the colors of the 3/30. The Escadron was transferred to Aerial Base 118 Mont-de-Marsan (French: Mont-de-Marsan) during the course of the following weeks.

Escadrilles[edit]

Rafale n° 106 104-HG of the 3/30 at Aero India 2011.

Until dissolution in 2005 :

  • 1st Escadrille : Metz (from June 27, 1994 until June 27, 2005)
  • 2nd Escadrille : Nancy (from June 27, 1994 until June 27, 2005)
  • 3rd Escadrille : Thionville (from September 1994 until June 27, 2005)

Since reactivation in 2010:

  • SAL 56 "Scarabée"
  • SPA 38 "Chardon de Lorraine"
  • SPA 162 "Tigre" in 2016

Denominations & different designations[edit]

  • Reserve Bombardment Group number 1 - Groupe Réservé de Bombardement n°1 : December 4, 1940 – September 2, 1941
  • Bombardment Group number 1 Lorraine - Groupe de Bombardement n°1 Lorraine : September 2, 1941 – April 7, 1943
  • Royal Air Force Squadron No.342 : April 7, 1943 – December 15, 1944
  • Bombardment Group I/20 - Groupe de Bombardement I/20 Lorraine : December 15, 1944 – March 11, 1946
  • Reconnaissance Group I/20 - Groupe de Reconnaissance I/20 Lorraine : March 11, 1946 – July 1, 1947
  • Reconnaissance Group I/31 - Groupe de Reconnaissance I/31 Lorraine : July 1, 1947 – November 1, 1949
  • Night Hunter Squadron 1/31- Escadron de Chasse de Nuit 1/31 Lorraine : November 1, 1949 – July 1, 1953
  • Fighter Hunter Squadron 3/30 - Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine : July 1, 1953 – March 1, 1962
  • All-Times/All-Weather Fighter Hunter Squadron 3/30 - Escadron de Chasse Tout-Temps 3/30 Lorraine: March 1, 1962 – December 20, 1973
  • Fighter Hunter Squadron 3/30 - Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine : December 20, 1973 – June 27, 1994
  • Fighter Hunter Squadron 3/30 - Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine : June 27, 1994 – July 26, 2005
  • Fighter Hunter Squadron 3/30 - Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine : Since October 2010

Locations[edit]

From 1961 until 2005, the « Lorraine », Escadron successively equipped with Vautour IIN, then Miarge F1, has been deployed on Aerial Base 112 Reims-Champagne (French: base aérienne 112 Reims-Champagne). The latter was reactivated in 2010 on Aerial Base 104 Al Dhafra (French: base aérienne 104 Al Dhafra), at the United Arab Emirates. In 2016, the Escadron was transferred temporary to Saint-Dizier on June 24, 2016 before joining Aerial Base 118 Mont-de-Marsan (French: Mont-de-Marsan).

Aircraft[edit]

« Lorraine » has been equipped with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Au revoir le 1/7.....bonjour le 3/30". Delta Reflex. Retrieved 2018-01-07.