|Escalona del Alberche|
|Coordinates: 40°10′15″N 4°24′19″W / 40.17083°N 4.40528°W|
|Autonomous community||Castilla-La Mancha|
|• Alcalde||Álvaro Gutiérrez Prieto (2007)|
|• Total||73 km2 (28 sq mi)|
|Elevation||550 m (1,800 ft)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Escalona is a municipality located in the north of the province of Toledo, which in turn is part of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha, Spain. According to the 2017 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 3,240 inhabitants, many of whom are settled in several housing estates outside the town itself.
The town lies 30 metres above the right bank of the river Alberche, in the comarca of Torrijos, which is a part of the historical region of New Castile.
Escalona's strategic location, on the Alberche river and between Avila and Toledo, suggests there may have been a fortress there in Roman times or during the Visigoth period. Following the conquest of Toledo (1085), by Alfonso VI of León and Castile, it was a key defensive point against raids by the Almoravides and Almohades that attacked the place in 1131, 1137 and, again, in 1196.
The Mudéjar-style Castle of Escalona, built in the 15th century, is the most characteristic building of the town.
- Villena, Spain
- Peñafiel, Spain
- Juan Manuel (1282-1348), writer
- Esteban de Aguilar y Zúñiga, theologian
- ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
- ^ a b (in Spanish) Sureda Pons, Joan, ed. (1998). España Gótica: Castilla-La Mancha, pp. 142-5. Ediciones Encuentro. ISBN 8474905095. Google Books. Retrieved 15 March 2023.
- Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) website
- Official website of the Diputación Provincial de Toledo