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Coat of arms of Esch-sur-Sûre
Map of Luxembourg with Esch-sur-Sûre highlighted in orange, and the canton in dark red
Map of Luxembourg with Esch-sur-Sûre highlighted in orange, and the canton in dark red
Coordinates: 49°54′40″N 5°56′05″E / 49.911°N 5.93467°E / 49.911; 5.93467Coordinates: 49°54′40″N 5°56′05″E / 49.911°N 5.93467°E / 49.911; 5.93467
Country Luxembourg
 • Total51.26 km2 (19.79 sq mi)
Area rank8th of 102
Highest elevation
529 m (1,736 ft)
 • Rank10th of 102
Lowest elevation
238 m (781 ft)
 • Rank46th of 102
 • Total2,641
 • Rank56th of 102
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Density rank91st of 102
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
LAU 2LU0000802

Esch-sur-Sûre (Luxembourgish: Esch-Sauer, pronounced [ˌæʃˈzɑʊɐ] (About this soundlisten), German: Esch-Sauer [ˌɛʃˈzaʊ̯ɐ]) is a commune and small town in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz, which is part of the district of Diekirch. At one point it was the second smallest commune by area in Luxembourg (after Remich), until Neunhausen and Heiderscheid were merged into it in 2011.[1]

As of 2005, the town of Esch-sur-Sûre, which lies in the north of the commune, has a population of 314.

Esch-sur-Sûre is situated by the river Sauer, just east and downstream of the artificial Upper Sauer Lake. The town's prominent AD 927 castle, and the main part of the town below, sit on a spur of a land within a sharp meander of the river.

The suffix to its name distinguishes Esch-sur-Sûre from the city of Esch-sur-Alzette, which is often known just as Esch.

Immediately above the town, the river has been dammed to form a hydroelectric reservoir extending some 6 miles (10 km) up the valley. The Upper Sauer dam was built in the 1960s to meet the country's drinking water needs.

Bridge over the Sauer

Populated places[edit]

The commune consists of the following villages:


  1. ^ "Fusion des communes d'Esch/Sûre, Heiderscheid et Neunhausen". Legilux. Government of Luxembourg. Retrieved 13 June 2015.

External links[edit]