Escuminac, Quebec

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Escuminac
Municipality
Location within Avignon RCM
Location within Avignon RCM
Escuminac is located in Eastern Quebec
Escuminac
Escuminac
Location in eastern Quebec
Coordinates: 48°07′N 66°29′W / 48.12°N 66.48°W / 48.12; -66.48Coordinates: 48°07′N 66°29′W / 48.12°N 66.48°W / 48.12; -66.48[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Gaspésie–
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCM Avignon
Settled 2nd half of 18th century
Constituted October 10, 1907
Government[2]
 • Mayor R. Bruce Wafer
 • Federal riding Gaspésie—
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. riding Bonaventure
Area[2][3]
 • Total 107.50 km2 (41.51 sq mi)
 • Land 108.43 km2 (41.87 sq mi)
  There is an apparent
contradiction between two
authoritative sources
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 588
 • Density 5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 8.8%
 • Dwellings 326
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s) G0C 2M0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 132

Escuminac is a municipality in Quebec, Canada, on the north shore of the Restigouche River.

In addition to Escuminac itself, the municipality also includes the communities of Escuminac Flats, Fleurant, and Pointe-à-la-Garde.

According to missionary Joseph-Étienne Guinard, Escuminac is a Mi'kmaq word meaning "here are small fruits", originally identifying a point of land jutting into the Restigouche River. But this translation has been disputed as fanciful. It has been spelled in various ways over time, including Semenac, Scamanac, Scaumenac, Escouminac, Scoumenac, and Scouminac.[1]

History[edit]

The area was first colonized by American Loyalist farmers and loggers.[1]

In 1845, the Municipality of Shoolbred, which included the area now known as Nouvelle, was first incorporated. It was named after John Shoolbred, who was the first owner of the seignory granted there. In 1847, the municipality was abolished but re-established in 1855. From 1861 on, it was known as the Township Municipality of Nouvelle-et-Shoolbred.[4]

In 1907, the township municipality was split into the Municipalities of Nouvelle-et-Shoolbred-Partie-Nord-Est (that became Nouvelle in 1953) and Nouvelle-et-Shoolbred-Partie-Sud-Ouest. This latter one was renamed to Escuminac in 1912.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – Escuminac, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 588 (-8.8% from 2006) 645 (+6.8% from 2001)
Land area: 108.43 km2 (41.87 sq mi) 108.43 km2 (41.87 sq mi)
Population density: 5.4/km2 (14/sq mi) 5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
Median age: 46.1 (M: 45.7, F: 46.6) 44.1 (M: 44.9, F: 43.4)
Total private dwellings: 326 382
Median household income: $.N/A $34,201
Notes: 2011 income data for this area has been suppressed for data quality or confidentiality reasons. – References: 2011[3] 2006[5] earlier[6]
Historical Census Data - Escuminac, Quebec[7]
YearPop.±%
1991 632—    
1996 661+4.6%
2001 604−8.6%
2006 645+6.8%
2011 588−8.8%

Language[edit]

Mother tongue:[8]

  • English as first language: 38.6%
  • French as first language: 61.4%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Escuminac (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  2. ^ a b "Escuminac". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  3. ^ a b c "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  4. ^ "Nouvelle (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "Escuminac community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-04.