Esenboğa International Airport

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Esenboğa International Airport
Esenboğa Uluslararası Havalimanı
Ankara Esenboga International Airport.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator TAV Airports
Serves Ankara, Turkey
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 3,125 ft / 953 m
Coordinates 40°07′41″N 032°59′42″E / 40.12806°N 32.99500°E / 40.12806; 32.99500Coordinates: 40°07′41″N 032°59′42″E / 40.12806°N 32.99500°E / 40.12806; 32.99500
ESB is located in Turkey
Location within Turkey
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03R/21L 3,750 12,303 Asphalt
03L/21R 3,750 12,303 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 12,326,869 Increase
Aircraft movements 98,615 Increase
Source: Turkish AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Esenboğa International Airport (IATA: ESBICAO: LTAC) (Turkish: Ankara Esenboğa Havalimanı or Esenboğa Uluslararası Havalimanı), is the international airport of Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. It has been operating since 1955. In 2014, the airport has served more than 11 million passengers in total, 4.9 million of which were domestic passengers. It ranked 4th in terms of total passenger traffic (after Ataturk Airport, Antalya Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport), 3rd in terms of domestic passenger traffic (after Ataturk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport) among airports in Turkey.[3]


The airport is located northeast of Ankara, 28 km (17 mi) from the city center. The airport is connected with Kızılay (the city center) and Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal (Turkish: Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi, AŞTİ) by EGO city bus number 442 (from 6 am to 11pm). Transportation to the city center is also by taxi (around TRY 70 one way, metered) and through the Havaş bus line (approximately TRY 12,5 one way). The road between Esenboğa airport and the Ankara ring road was expanded during the summer of 2006, decreasing the driving time between the city center and the airport by several minutes.

The name of the airport comes from the village of Esenboğa (the ğ is silent), which literally means "Windflowing Bull" or "Serene Bull", the modernized form of Isen Buga, the name of a Turkic warlord in the army of Timur who settled his troops here during the Battle of Ankara in 1402.[4]

Esenboğa International Airport was awarded as the best airport in Europe by ACI Europe (Airport Council International) and the award presented to airport officials on 17 June 2009 in Manchester. The award is given in 4 categories every year and Esenboğa was in 5–10 million per annum category. It is the first time an ACI award was granted to a Turkish Airport.[5] According to ACI-Europe, "As with number of the top candidates in this category, the airport excels in all the keys areas of operations, however the judges singled it out for its work in the area of environmental innovation, securing an incredible 25% energy savings stemming from its recycling of exhaust gases to power its air conditioning plants."


Esenboga Airport Domestic and International Terminal constructed under "Build-Operate-Transfer" model has been completed within a record time; a year earlier than the committed completion date. Esenboga Airport Domestic and International Terminal, which went into operation on October 16, 2006 with a capacity of 10 million passengers, are spread over a 182 thousand m2 area.[6] A new general aviation terminal with 469 m2 (5,048 sq ft) area has been opened on January 2012 to service private and business jets.

The New Domestic and International Terminals, opened in 2006, feature 168,000 m2 (1,808,337 sq ft) area, 10,000,000 passenger/year capacity, 18 ea. passenger bridges, 105 check-in counters, 34 passport counters, a parking facility with 123,000 m2 (1,323,961 sq ft) area and 4,000 vehicles capacity.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul
AtlasGlobal Erbil, Ercan
AZALJet Baku[7]
Borajet Balıkesir, Beirut, Bursa, Cologne/Bonn, Dalaman, Gökçeada, Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen, Kahramanmaraş, Munich, Siirt, Sochi, Tekirdağ, Trabzon, Van, Zonguldak
Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel (begins 16 July 2016)[8]
Germanwings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Germania Seasonal: Bremen
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Iran Aseman Airlines Tabriz
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil
Lufthansa Munich
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Pegasus Airlines Amman–Queen Alia,[9] Bodrum, Brussels, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Diyarbakır, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Ercan, Erzurum, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Stuttgart, Trabzon, Vienna
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia[10]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
SunExpress Deutschland Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich,[11] Stuttgart
Turkish Airlines Amsterdam, Brussels, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Moscow-Vnukovo, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Athens, Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Geneva, Hamburg, Stockholm-Arlanda,[12] Stuttgart, Vienna
Turkish Airlines
operated by AnadoluJet
Adana, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Alanya, Antalya, Batman, Batumi, Bodrum, Bursa, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Edremit, Elazığ, Ercan, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Iğdır, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Isparta, Izmir, Kars, Kocaeli, Kütahya, Malatya, Mardin, Merzifon, Muş, Nevşehir, Ordu-Giresun, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Tbilisi, Tekirdağ, Trabzon, Van
Turkish Airlines
operated by SunExpress
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil (begins 30 October 2016)[13]
Zagrosjet Erbil


Interior view
Interior view
Interior view
Interior view
Ankara Esenboğa International Airport Passenger Traffic Statistics[3]
Year Domestic  % change International  % change Total  % change
2015 10,767,698 Increase 12% 1,559,171 Increase 8% 12,326,869 Increase 12%
2014 9,567,075 Increase 2% 1,445,044 Decrease 8% 11,012,119 Increase 1%
2013 9,369,832 Increase 22% 1,572,228 Decrease 1% 10,942,060 Increase 18%
2012 7,679,371 Increase 9% 1,593,737 Increase 13% 9,273,108 Increase 9%
2011 7,080,072 Increase 10% 1,405,395 Increase 6% 8,485,467 Increase 9%
2010 6,435,211 Increase 29% 1,328,693 Increase 21% 7,763,914 Increase 28%
2009 4,990,134 Increase 12% 1,094,270 Decrease 12% 6,084,404 Increase 7%
2008 4,444,311 Increase 23% 1,247,822 Decrease 8% 5,692,133 Increase 15%
2007 3,609,122 Increase 10% 1,349,006 Increase 7% 4,958,128 Increase 9%
2006 3,287,585 Increase 25% 1,259,993 Increase 6% 4,547,578 Increase 19%
2005 2,640,604 Increase 23% 1,189,250 Increase 5% 3,829,854 Increase 17%
2004 2,141,047 Increase 21% 1,134,678 Increase 12% 3,275,725 Increase 18%
2003 1,773,531 Decrease 2% 1,010,396 Decrease 1% 2,783,927 Decrease 2%
2002 1,814,563 1,022,065 2,836,628
Ankara Esenboğa International Airport Aircraft Movement Statistics
Year Domestic  % change International  % change Total  % change
2014 78,740 Decrease 2% 15,681 Decrease 6% 94,421 Decrease 2%
2013 80,107 Increase 16% 16,711 Increase 1% 96,818 Increase 13%
2012 69,335 Increase 2.7% 16,548 Increase 7.1% 85,883 Increase 3.5%
2011 67,513 Increase 13.5% 15,452 Increase 7.2% 82,965 Increase 12.2%
2010 59,509 Increase 18.2% 14,420 Increase 17.5% 73,929 Increase 18.1%
2009 50,347 Increase 3.9% 12,273 Decrease 14.7% 62,620 Decrease 0.4%
2008 48,463 Increase 1.9% 14,396 Decrease 11.8% 62,859 Decrease 1.6%
2007 47,578 16,331 63,909

Other facilities[edit]

Aviation accidents and incidents at or near the airport[edit]

Other airports in Ankara[edit]

There are three military airports in Ankara as follows:


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]

Media related to Ankara International Airport at Wikimedia Commons