|Population (2016 Census)|
|• Total||59,490 |
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDT (UTC+4:30)|
|Esfarayen at GEOnet Names Server|
Esfarayen (Persian: اسفراین, also Romanized as Esfarāyen; formerly, Meyanābād, Mīānābād, and Mīyānābād) is a city and capital of Esfarayen County, North Khorasan Province in Iran. At the 2011 census its population was 60,372, in 17,334 families.
Esfarayen is one of the focal points for residence of Aryan tribes after entering Iran.
After the Islamic conquest of Persia, Esfarayen enjoyed a period of great prosperity,which came to an end with the fall of the Abbasid caliphate, when it fell victim to attacks and eventual destruction, although it was, eventually, rebuilt.
The city was in a completely ruinous state at the time of the ruler Ebrahim Afshar (the mid-eighteenth century).
Esfarayen is home to a Koshti Pahlevani (traditional Iranian wrestling) tournament called Bachokheh or Koshti Bachokheh. This tournament is held in the open air.
- Esfarayen can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3062173" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- Iran Census 2011
- About Tati language of North Khorasan (Persian)
- 'Farhang-e Tāti (Tati Dictionary)' (Tati dialects: 6- Northern Khorasan), Jahandoost Sabzalipour, Rasht: Farhang-e Iliya Press. Second. Edition in 2013
- Le Strange, Guy (1905). The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate: Mesopotamia, Persia, and Central Asia, from the Moslem Conquest to the Time of Timur. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc. p. 202.
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