Eskdale, North Yorkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 54°28′41″N 0°47′10″W / 54.478°N 0.786°W / 54.478; -0.786 Eskdale is a valley running west to east from Westerdale on the North York Moors to Whitby on the east coast of England. Formed during the last major ice age, it has a classic U-shaped valley formation caused by the action of glaciers carving away the rock. Eskdale is named after its river which in Celtic means water or stream.[1] The dale carries the River Esk from the "Esklets" above Westerdale to the sea at Whitby.[2] The tops of its steep-sided valleys are noted for their heather moorland, whilst below the land is mainly split between pasture for cows and Swaledale sheep and arable crops such as Oil seed rape.

The Esk Valley Walk is a walk covering 35 miles (56 km) starting from the head of the Esk through the valley and down to Whitby.[3] Eskdale School in Whitby is named after the valley.

The Esk Valley Line runs through Eskdale from Commondale eastwards towards Whitby and is named after the dale.[4]

The river flows through the narrow valley that the water has cut into the soft shale of the Jurassic rocks. Because of this, the rainfall can cause rapid flooding[5] like those suffered in 1840, 1930 and in 2000. [6] The 1930 flood caused many problems including destroying the bridge over the river in Sleights. The A169 road bridge that runs over the Esk in Sleights village dates from 1937.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Esk Valley Walk". www.northyorkmoors.org.uk. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Esk Valley Walk" (PDF). North York Moors. North York Moors National Park Authority. 2008. p. 3. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Boulter, Liz. "Great British Escapes ... The Esk Valley". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Esk Valley Community Rail Partnership". Rural Yorkshire. 18 August 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "River Esk (Yorkshire) Tideway Byelaw Report" (PDF). North York Moors. p. 7. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "River Esk, North Yorkshire". Countryfile.com. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Esk Valley - Dalesman". Dalesman. Retrieved 7 January 2016.