Esmeralda language

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Native to Ecuador
Extinct (date missing)
Esmeralda–Yaruro ?
  • Esmeralda
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog atac1235[1]

Esmeralda, or Esmeraldeño (also called Takame or Atacame), is an extinct language isolate formerly spoken in the coastal region of Ecuador. It is not well attested. A connection with the still-spoken Yaruro language of Venezuela has been proposed. It also has some lexical similarities with the extinct Yurumanguí language.[2]


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Atacame". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Adelaar, William F. H.; Muysken, Pieter C. (2004). The languages of the Andes. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge University Press. pp. 156–161.