|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
|Born||Esmond Penington Knight
4 May 1906
East Sheen, Surrey, England, UK
|Died||23 February 1987
London, England, UK
|Occupation||Actor, dialogue coach|
|Spouse(s)||Nora Swinburne (1946-1987)
Frances Clare (1929-1946)
Esmond Penington Knight (4 May 1906 – 23 February 1987) was an English actor. He had a successful stage and film career before World War II. For much of his later career Knight was half blind. He had been badly injured in 1941 whilst on active service on board HMS Prince of Wales when she fought the Bismarck at the Battle of the Denmark Strait, and remained totally blind for two years, though he later regained some sight in his right eye.
He was an accomplished actor with a career spanning over half a century. He established himself in the 1920s on stage. In John Gielgud's famous 1930 production of Hamlet he played Rosencrantz. He also appeared in films. In Romany Love (1931) he played "a swaggering gypsy who never stopped singing." For The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933), Knight and his uncle trained the falcons used in the hunting scenes. In Alfred Hitchcock's Waltzes from Vienna (1934), he played the lead role as Johann Strauss. Following this, he landed a number of roles in Hollywood films. He travelled to Germany to star in Schwarze Rosen (1937), a film about a Finnish anti-communist. The film was shot in three versions, in English, German and French. Julius Streicher visited the set during filming. Thereafter Knight appeared in various film and theatre productions in Britain.
World War II
After war was declared, Knight continued to act, appearing in Powell and Pressburger's film Contraband (1940). He sought a naval commission, but after the defeat of Dunkirk he became involved in training Local Defence Volunteers. In late 1940 he was accepted for naval training. In 1941 Knight was asked to play the lead role of fanatical Nazi Lieutenant Hirth in another Powell and Pressburger propaganda film 49th Parallel (1941), but Eric Portman took the role as Knight was required for military training. He did appear in This England (also 1941), another propaganda film. After training, Knight was appointed as Gunnery Officer, at the rank of Lieutenant on the battleship HMS Prince of Wales. In 1941 the ship received orders to pursue the German battleship Bismarck and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen. In the ensuing battle Knight witnessed the sinking of HMS Hood, whereupon the Bismarck attacked HMS Prince of Wales. Debris from an exploding shell hit Knight in the face, blinding him. Knight totally lost one eye, and the other was badly damaged.
Though blind, Knight insisted that he would continue his acting career. During this period, he dictated an early autobiography to his secretary, Annabella Cloudsley, Seeking the Bubble (Hutchinson & Co. 1943). Knight continued to act in radio productions. Though still totally blind, he also appeared on film, once more as a Nazi villain, in Powell and Pressburger's The Silver Fleet (1943).
During 1943 Knight received a series of treatments from Dr Vincent Nesfield designed to restore sight to his surviving eye. The treatment was a great success, restoring much of Knight's sight. The partial return of his sight made a major difference to his career. He appeared briefly in another Powell and Pressburger film, playing the roles of the village idiot and the "Seven Sisters Soldier" in A Canterbury Tale (1944), also adding the voice-over reading of Chaucer. His major breakthrough back into the mainstream came when he was cast as Fluellen, the brave but eccentric Welsh officer in Laurence Olivier's version of Henry V (1944).
Knight continued to work with Olivier and with Powell and Pressburger, appearing in the former's films of Hamlet (1948) and Richard III (1955). For the latter, he appeared in Black Narcissus (1947)and The Red Shoes (1948). He also starred in Jean Renoir's The River (1951).
In the film Sink the Bismarck! (1960), he played John Leach, the captain of the HMS Prince of Wales, the ship he had served on when he was blinded (though the captain is not named in the film). In the same year he played Jack Cade in the BBC Shakespeare series An Age of Kings.
During the 1930s he had a long-running affair with Nora Swinburne, of which his wife was aware. She was also an actress who appeared with him in several stage plays. After a short-lived attempt to end the affair, Knight left Frances for Nora. The couple were married in 1946 and remained together for the rest of their lives.
Knight died of a heart attack and was cremated.
- The Wild Duck - Pax Robertson's Salon, London (1925)
- Various Shakespeare productions - full season, Old Vic (1926)
- Various productions - Children's Theatre, London (1928)
- Hamlet - Queen's Theatre, London (with John Gielgud and Donald Wolfit) (1930)
- Full Season - King's Theatre, Hammersmith (1939)
- Full Season - Royal Shakespeare Company, Stratford-upon-Avon (1948–1949)
- Caesar and Cleopatra - St James's Theatre, London (with Laurence Olivier, Peter Cushing and Vivien Leigh) (1951)
- The Emperor's New Clothes - Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York (with Lee J. Cobb) (1953)
- Full Season - The Old Vic, London (1962–1963)
- Agincourt - The Archer's Tale - Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester (one man show) (1973)
- The Family Reunion - Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester (with Edward Fox) (1973 & 1979)
- Moby-Dick - Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester (with Edward Fox) (1983–1984)
- The Blue Peter (1928)
- The Ringer (1931)
- The Bermondsey Kid (1933)
- Waltzes From Vienna (1934)
- The Blue Squadron (1934)
- Crime Unlimited (1935)
- Someday (1935)
- The Vicar of Bray (1937)
- The Arsenal Stadium Mystery (1939)
- Contraband (1940)
- This England (1941)
- The Silver Fleet (1943)
- Henry V (1944)
- A Canterbury Tale (1944)
- The Halfway House (1944)
- Black Narcissus (1947)
- Uncle Silas (1947)
- Holiday Camp (1947)
- The Red Shoes (1948)
- Hamlet (1948)
- Gone to Earth (1950)
- The River (1951)
- The Steel Key (1953)
- Richard III (1954)
- The Prince and the Showgirl (1957)
- Battle of the V-1 (1958)
- Peeping Tom (1960)
- Sink the Bismarck! (1960)
- The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965)
- Anne of the Thousand Days (1969)
- The Boy Who Turned Yellow (1972)
- Yellow Dog (1973)
- Robin and Marian (1976)
- The Man in the Iron Mask (1977)
- The Element of Crime (1984)
- Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987)
- Arrow to the Heart (1952)
- Nicholas Nickleby (as Wackford Squeers, 1957)
- A for Andromeda (1961)
- Danger Man (1961)
- The Third Man (1965)
- Doctor Who - (The Space Pirates) (1969)
- Z-Cars (1969)
- Cousin Bette (1971)
- She Stoops to Conquer (1971)
- Elizabeth R (1971)
- Fall of Eagles (BBC, 1974) in which his second wife, Nora Swinburne, also appeared.
- Quiller (1975)
- I, Claudius (1976)
- Return of the Saint (1978)
- The Borgias (1981)
- Troilus and Cressida (1981)
- Antony and Cleopatra (1981)
- A Voyage Round My Father (1982)
- Blott on the Landscape (1985)
- Fortunes of War (1987)
- "Esmond Knight". BFI.
- "Defeatism Defeated - Esmond Knight Will Tread The Boards Again". powell-pressburger.org.
- "his life 02". esmondknight.org.uk.
- "his life 03". esmondknight.org.uk.
- "Waltzes from Vienna (1934)". BFI.
- "Did I Betray? (1937)". BFI.
- "his life 05". esmondknight.org.uk.
- "BFI Screenonline: Knight, Esmond (1906-1987) Biography". screenonline.org.uk.
- "The River (1951)". BFI.
- "Esmond Knight". bigredbook.info.
- Erickson, Hal. "Esmond Knight - Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos - AllMovie". AllMovie.
- "'A for Andromeda': from left, Esmond Knight, Mary Morris, Julie Christie an". The Independent.
- "his life 18". esmondknight.org.uk.
- "Family for Esmond Knight". Turner Classic Movies.
- "Esmond Knight (1906 - 1987) - Find A Grave Memorial". findagrave.com.
- Esmond Knight at the Internet Movie Database
- Esmond's daughter Rosalind Knight recalls her father's appearance on This Is Your Life
- Esmond Knight at Find a Grave
- Esmond Knight biography and credits at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
- Esmond Knight(Aveleyman)