Esmond Wickremesinghe

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Esmond Wickremesinghe
Esmond Wickremesinghe.jpg
Born
Cyril Esmond Lucien Wickremesinghe

(1920-05-29)29 May 1920
Died29 September 1985(1985-09-29) (aged 64)
NationalityCeylonese
OccupationPress baron
Known forLake House
Spouse(s)Nalini Wickremesinghe
ChildrenShan
Ranil
Niraj
Channa
Kshanika

Cyril Esmond Lucien Wickremesinghe (29 May 1920 – 29 September 1985) was a Ceylonese press baron, lawyer, and a successful entrepreneur. He also played key role in defeating Sirimavo Bandaranaike that bought United National Party's Dudley Senanayake to power in 1965's Parliamentary Election.[1][2] He is also father of the United National Party leader and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe.

Family[edit]

Wickremesinghe was born to Cyril Leonard Wickremesinghe of the Ceylon Civil Service and Esmie Moonemalle Wickremesinghe (née Goonewardene), he married Nalini Wickremesinghe (née Wijewardena) daughter of D. R. Wijewardena with whom he had five children they are Shan, Ranil, Niraj, Channa and Kshanika.[3] One of Wickremesinghe's brothers was the former Bishop of Kurunegala, Lakshman Wickremasinghe.

Lawyer[edit]

Wickremesinghe became a lawyer and an active member of the Trotskyist, Lanka Sama Samaja Party. He assisted its members who were imprisoned by the British during World War II.

Press baron[edit]

Wickremesinghe following his marriage, began assisting is father-in-law, D. R. Wijewardene who formed the prominent newspaper group, The Lake House which is the home of the Associated Newspapers of Ceylon. He took over its management after Wijewardene's retirement due to ill-health.[4] He served as managing director of Lake House from 1950 to 1968.[5]

He received the first provocation as a director which was to enhance the professional structure of the newspaper group. Wickremesinghe also played in revamping the group that comprised with five dailies and three Sunday newspapers in English, Sinhalese and Tamil and he also enlisted talented journalists, nurtured journalistic excellence and used them to develop a strong regional and international relations. During his tenor he successfully fended off Sirima Bandaranaike's attempted to nationalize Lake House in the 1960s.

He was awarded the Gold Pen Award for press freedom and served as President of the International Press Institute and the Press Foundation of Asia. The International Press Institute named him in 2000 as the IPI World Press Freedom Hero.[4]

King maker[edit]

Wickremesinghe was instrumental in ensuring D. S. Senanayake's intentions on his son Dudley Senanayake succeeding him in the event of his death, which took place March 22, 1952. Lake House Press claimed that the UNP Parliamentary Group supported Dudley Senanayake and the Governor-General Lord Soulbury appointed Dudley Senanayake Prime Minister over his cousin Sir John Kotelawala. However, a few months later Senanayake resigned on ill health and Kotelawala succeeded him. Wickremesinghe defused an internal crisis within the UNP. He was a member of the UNP working Committee and one of the advisers who formed an inner council.

Diplomat[edit]

Kotelawala appointed Wickremesinghe as Foreign Affairs Adviser to the Prime Minister, tasking him with gaining UN membership for Ceylon, which was achieved in 1955. Later he served as Ceylon's special envoy to the United Nations and represented Ceylon at many international events, such as UNESCO where he help gain its support to form Sri Lanka's Cultural Triangle Project. In 1985, he was sent to Bhutan as Sri Lankan President’s Representative in the formation of SAARC.[6]

Death[edit]

While accompanying President J. R. Jayewardene on a state visit to India, Wickremesinghe fell ill. It was a heart murmur and he required a by-pass surgery. He flew to Houston, Texas for the surgery. He died on September 29, 1985 few days following the surgery.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Press Freedom Hero (Honoured in 2000) C.E.L. Wickremesinghe, Sri Lanka". International Press Institute. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Esmond Wickremesinghe's 30th death commemoration falls today". Daily News. September 29, 2015. Retrieved Sep 29, 2015.
  3. ^ "Ranil's Family and Background". Retrieved Sep 29, 2015.
  4. ^ a b -, Anton Gunasekera (May 29, 1920). "C.E.L. Wickremesinghe". RootsWeb.com Home Page. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  5. ^ Esmond Wickremesinghe: The man of ideas in times of change.
  6. ^ ESMOND WICKREMESINGHE: A HERO IN INTERNATIONAL NEWS MEDIA