Esophagitis (or oesophagitis) is inflammation of the esophagus. It may be acute or chronic. Acute esophagitis can be catarrhal or phlegmonous, whereas chronic esophagitis may be hypertrophic or atrophic.
Symptoms [ edit ]
Heartburn (pain in chest/abdomen, which may radiate to neck/jaw) Nausea
Postprandial worsening of symptoms
Symptoms may be relieved by
antacids. Esophagitis causes symptoms of abdominal pain and vomiting. If not treated, it causes discomfort and scarring of the esophagus. This makes swallowing food more difficult. [1 ]
Infectious [ edit ]
Forms of infectious esophagitis are typically seen in
immunocompromised people. Types include:
Endoscopy can be used to distinguish among these conditions. [2 ]
Grading of severity [ edit ]
The severity of esophagitis is commonly classified into four grades according to the
Los Angeles Classification: [5 ] [6 ]
One or more mucosal breaks < 5 mm in maximal length
One or more mucosal breaks > 5mm, but without continuity across
Mucosal breaks continuous between > 2 mucosal folds, but involving less than 75% of the esophageal circumference
Mucosal breaks involving more than 75% of esophageal circumference
References [ edit ]
^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Esophagitis
^ Classen, Meinhard; Tytgat, Guido N. J.; Lightdale, Charles J. (2010). . Thieme. p. 490. Gastroenterological Endoscopy ISBN 978-3-13-125852-6.
^ Tierney, Lawrence M., Jr; McPhee, Stephen J.; Papadakis, Maxine A. (2007). Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2007 (46 ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-147247-9.
^ "Oesophogagitis with Doxycycline".
^ Farivar M. "Los Angeles Classification of Esophagitis". webgerd.com. In turn citing: Lundell LR, Dent J, Bennett JR, et al. (August 1999). "Endoscopic assessment of oesophagitis: clinical and functional correlates and further validation of the Los Angeles classification". Gut 45 (2): 172–80. doi: 10.1136/gut.45.2.172. PMC 1727604. PMID 10403727.
^ Laparoscopic bariatric surgery, Volume 1. William B. Inabnet, Eric J. DeMaria, Sayeed Ikramuddin. ISBN 0-7817-4874-7.