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Esperanto in Romania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A meeting of Romanian Esperantists in 1909
A plaque in both Romanian and Esperanto commemorating Andreo Cseh in Sibiu

Esperanto is a minor language in Romania.


The first EsperantoRomanian dictionary was written by Marta Frollo in 1889, and the Esperanto community in Romania was pioneered by Henriko Fischer-Galați [eo] in the 1900s.[citation needed] The Romanian Esperanto Society was founded in 1907.[1] Ethnic Hungarian priest Andreo Cseh was a major figure of the Romanian Esperantist movement in the 1920s.[2] An Esperantist group in Cluj was arrested in 1922 after the green star of Esperanto was mistaken for a communist star, but the head of the resulting military tribunal absolved the group and described Esperanto "a very beautiful cultural movement".[3]

The Romanian Esperanto Society was recognized as a legal entity in 1947, but the Esperanto movement in Romania started suffering suppression by the communist government from 1948 onwards and it would not be reestablished until 1990 after the Romanian Revolution which ended the communist government.[1] The Esperanto Association of Romania was founded in 1990 as a successor to the Romanian Esperanto Society, and the Romanian Esperanto Youth Organization was founded in 1996. As of 2021, there are 23 people from Romania that are members of the Universal Esperanto Association.[4] Ionel Oneț [eo] is a major figure in the post-communist Romanian Esperantist movement.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Lins 2017, p. 77.
  2. ^ Lins 2016, p. 69.
  3. ^ Lins 2016, p. 73.
  4. ^ "Rumanio". Universal Esperanto Association (in Esperanto). Retrieved 22 May 2022.