Esperia

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For the concealer moth genus established by Hübner in 1825, see Esperia (moth). The brush-footed butterfly genus Esperia, invalidly established by Nekrutenko in 1987, is a junior synonym of Kirinia (e.g. lattice brown, K. roxelana).
Esperia
Comune di Esperia
Esperia-toen-center.JPG
Coat of arms of Esperia
Coat of arms
Location of Esperia
Esperia is located in Italy
Esperia
Esperia
Location of Esperia in Italy
Esperia is located in Lazio
Esperia
Esperia
Esperia (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°23′N 13°41′E / 41.383°N 13.683°E / 41.383; 13.683
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceFrosinone (FR)
FrazioniBadia di Esperia, Monticelli, Roccaguglielma (Esperia Superiore), San Pietro in Curolis (Esperia Inferiore)
Government
 • MayorGiuseppe Villani
Area
 • Total108.7 km2 (42.0 sq mi)
Elevation
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 (28 February 2017)[3]
 • Total3,801
 • Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Esperiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
03045
Dialing code0776
Patron saintSan Clino Abate
Websitehttp://en.comuni-italiani.it/060/031/

Esperia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Frosinone in the Italian region Lazio, located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) southeast of Rome and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Frosinone. It is located within the Monti Aurunci Natural Park.

History[edit]

According to some theories, the foundation of the town would be linked to the destruction of the Roman colony of Interamna Lirenas, although the first historically documented human presence dates to the foundation of several monasteries, with the annexed boroughs, by the Abbey of Montecassino (10th century).

The name "Esperia" was chosen in 1867 when the current frazioni of Roccaguglielma and San Pietro merged into a single municipality, with the former as the municipal seat.

During World War II Esperia was one of the towns suffering heavily from "Marocchinate" - the mass rape committed after the Battle of Monte Cassino by Goumiers, Moroccan colonial troops of the French Expeditionary Corps. Esperia's mayor at the time reported that in his town, 700 women out of 2,500 inhabitants were raped and that some had died as a result.

Main sights[edit]

The church of Santa Maria Maggiore and San Filippo Neri in Esperia Superiore houses a painting by Taddeo Zuccari and a 1521 bas-relief. The Baroque Lauretana Chapel, in Esperia Inferiore dedicated to the Madonna di Loreto has a 16th-century wooden Madonna and several paintings by Luca Giordano.

Other churches include San Pietro in Esperia Inferiore, San Donato on Monte D'Oro, Santa Maria di Montevetro on Monte Montevetro (with 15th-century frescoes) and the 16th-century Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie, located near the remains of the castle, Santa Maria Maggiore in Monticelli, San Francesco adjoined to the Casa di Riposo in Esperia Superiore, Santa Rosa located in Badia di Esperia. The ancient monastery of San Pietro in Foresta located in Monticelli, now only a tower remains today.

Dinosaur footprints were discovered in 2006 in the locality of San Martino.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Esperia - Italy: Information, Town Profile, zip code". En.comuni-italiani.it. Retrieved 2014-02-27.


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