- For the concealer moth genus established by Hübner in 1825, see Esperia (moth). The brush-footed butterfly genus Esperia, invalidly established by Nekrutenko in 1987, is a junior synonym of Kirinia (e.g. Lattice Brown, K. roxelana).
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (February 2014)|
|Comune di Esperia|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Frosinone (FR)|
|Frazioni||Badia di Esperia, Monticelli, Roccaguglielma (Esperia Superiore), San Pietro in Curolis (Esperia Inferiore)|
|• Mayor||Giuseppe Moretti|
|• Total||108.7 km2 (42.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||370 m (1,210 ft)|
|Population (1 March 2010)|
|• Density||37/km2 (95/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Clino Abate|
Esperia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Frosinone in the Italian region Lazio, located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) southeast of Rome and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Frosinone. It is located within the Monti Aurunci Natural Park.
According to some theories, the foundation of the town would be linked to the destruction of the Roman colony of Interamna Lirenas, although the first historically documented human presence dates to the foundation of several monasteries, with the annexed boroughs, by the Abbey of Montecassino (10th century).
The name "Esperia" was chosen in 1867 when the current frazioni of Roccaguglielma and San Pietro merged into a single municipality, with the former as the municipal seat.
During World War II Esperia was one of the towns suffering heavily from "Marocchinate" - the mass rape committed after the Battle of Monte Cassino by Goumiers, Moroccan colonial troops of the French Expeditionary Corps. Esperia's mayor at the time reported that in his town, 700 women out of 2,500 inhabitants were raped and that some had died as a result.
The church of Santa Maria Maggiore houses a painting by Taddeo Zuccari and a 1521 bas-relief. The Baroque church of the Madonna di Loreto has a 16th-century wooden Madonna and several paintings by Luca Giordano.
Other churches include San Donato, Santa Maria di Montevetro (with 15th-century frescoes) and the 16th-century Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie, located near the remains of the castle. Of the ancient monastery of San Pietro in Foresta only a tower remains today.
Dinosaur footprints were discovered in 2006 in the locality of San Martino.
- "Esperia - Italy: Information, Town Profile, zip code". En.comuni-italiani.it. Retrieved 2014-02-27.