Esporte Clube Bahia

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Esporte Clube Bahia logo.png
Full name Esporte Clube Bahia
Nickname(s) Tricolor
Bahiaço (mix of Bahia and aço, steel)
Tricolor de aço (tricolor of steel)
Esquadrão de aço (Steel Squad)
Founded January 1, 1931; 84 years ago (1931-01-01)
Stadium Arena Fonte Nova (Salvador, Bahia)
Ground Capacity 48,747
President Marcelo Sant'Ana
Head coach Charles Fabian
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
Campeonato Baiano
Brasileirão, 18th (relegated)
Baianão, 1st
Website Club home page

Esporte Clube Bahia (Portuguese pronunciation: [isˈpɔʁtʃi ˈklubi baˈi.ɐ]), known familiarly as Bahia, is a Brazilian professional football club, based in Salvador, Bahia. They play in the Campeonato Baiano, Bahia's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, Brazil's second tier league.

Bahia has won the Brasileirão title twice: in the 1959 season, defeating Santos' Santásticos which contained figures such as Gilmar, Mauro, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pepe and Pelé, in the finals and in the 1988 season Bahia edged Internacional. Bahia has only appeared in the Copa Libertadores three times, reaching the quarterfinals in 1989, Bahia's best-ever performance. The club has also won their state title a record 44 times.

The 2000s have seen the club win only one state title. Bahia were relegated to Série B in 2003 and relegated, for the first time ever, to Série C in 2005, spending two seasons at the bottom of the Brazilian league system. In 2007, they were promoted back to the second level, and in 2010 the club found themselves back in Série A, after eight seasons. Bahia had played their home games at the 66,080 capacity Estádio Fonte Nova since 1951, but, after a section of the stadium collapsed in 2007, the Tricolor played at the Estádio de Pituaçu. With the reopening of the Fonte Nova stadium in 2013 as the Arena Fonte Nova, a modern arena built for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Bahia resumed playing their games there. The club's home kit consists of white shirts with blue shorts and red socks. They have a long-standing rivalry with Esporte Clube Vitória, and matches between the two sides are known as the Ba–Vi.


Early years and the first national title[edit]

Esporte Clube Bahia was founded in 1931, when players from two clubs decided to merge. The clubs, Associação Atlética da Bahia and Clube Bahiano de Tênis, had decided to discontinue their football divisions. Only a few years later, Bahia became the most popular team in the Northeast of Brazil.[citation needed]

These players went to a house at Princesa Isabel Avenue, where they discussed things like: finance, structure and local training[citation needed]. In the club's first year, Bahia won the Torneio Inicio and the Bahia State Championship. The first Bahia president was Waldemar Costa, a doctor. Bahia's crest is based on Corinthians'[citation needed]. The Bahia state flag, created by Raimundo Magalhães, was used in place of the São Paulo state flag.

The team was founded with the motto "Nasceu para Vencer" (In English: "Born to Win"). Bahia won 43 State Championships, 17 more than Vitória (their rival club), and was the first club to participate in the Taça Libertadores da America, in 1960.

Between 1959 and 1963, and in 1968, the cub represented the state of Bahia at the Taça Brasil (the precursor of the Brazilian Championship), winning the title in 1959 and finishing as runner-up in 1961 and 1963.

The 1980s and the second national title[edit]

The 1980s were the best in Bahia's history. Bahia won their second national title in 1988, finishing 5th in 1986, and 4th in 1990.

In 1989, Bahia won its second Brazilian Championship against Internacional from Porto Alegre. Bahia won the first leg in Salvador by 2–1. The second leg ended in an 0–0 tie in Porto Alegre, at Beira Rio Stadium. After these results, Bahia won the Brasileirão, their second national title. The championship gave Bahia the right to play Copa Libertadores for a third time. It was a real shock for the southern press[citation needed] because Salvador is in the Northeast, the poorest region of Brazil, and the victory was over Internacional, a team from southern Brazil, the region that has the highest Human Development Index of the country.

Dark years[edit]

In 1996, Bahia was relegated to Série B for the first time in its history after a 0–0 draw against Juventude at the Fonte Nova stadium. In 1999, Bahia was close to being promoted to Série A again. Bahia had a very good season, but finished in 3rd place, which was not enough to see them promoted. In order to be promoted, Bahia would have to win the final match against Brasiliense, but the referee Paulo César de Oliveira was assigned to that match, and many people[who?] say he was all but fair on that day.

In 2000, due to bribe scandals involving clubs such as São Paulo and Internacional, the team returned to the Brazilian First Division, invited by the Clube dos Treze, along with Fluminense, which was made a scapegoat for the controversy and was nationally victimized by the media (see Copa João Havelange).

In 2002, the bank that had fully sponsored the team went bankrupt, and Bahia began a descent down the Brazilian football pyramid. After the title of the Northeast Cup in 2001 and 2002, Bahia performed poorly in 2003, and was relegated to the Série B for the second time in the club's history. In 2004, the team was close to getting promoted to the Série A again, finishing 4th. In 2005, the club again competed in the Série B, finishing in 18th place, and was relegated to the Série C for the first time in the club's history.

Fênix tricolor (tricolored phoenix)[edit]

Bahia finished 2007 among the first four teams of the Third Division, and were promoted to the Second Division for the 2008 season. Bahia began strongly, but in the last game of the 3rd stage of the Série C against the already-eliminated Fast Club, Bahia needed to win to advance to the final. The victory came in the last minute of the game, with a goal scored by Charles. In the final, the team finished the third division in 2nd place, only losing the title in the final round.[citation needed]

This moment is called the "Fênix Tricolor" amongst Bahia fans.[citation needed] The phoenix represents Bahia rising from the ashes.

Despite playing in the Third Division of Brazilian football in 2007, Bahia had the largest average attendance in Brazil: 40,400 people per match.[citation needed] No club in the Third, the Second, or even the First Division was able to match it.[citation needed] However, this is not unusual for Bahia, having also achieved the biggest average attendance in Brazil in 2004 (Second Division), 1988 (First Division), 1986 (First Division), and 1985 (First Division).[citation needed]

After 22 years out of international competition, Bahia returned in 2012 as they qualified for the Copa Sudamericana.


Bahia's colors are blue, red, and white. The blue color is a homage to Associação Atlética da Bahia; white, to Clube Baiano de Tênis; and red is a color present in the Bahia state flag. The club's mascot is called Super-Homem Tricolor, meaning Tricolor Superman, inspired by the DC Comics character. The mascot was created by the famous cartoonist Ziraldo based on the expression "Esquadrão de Aço" (Steel Squad in English), and wears a costume very similar to the original Superman's costume, which shares the team's colors.


Bahia had always played at the Fonte Nova stadium, from its inauguration in 1951 until November 2007. At the game against Vila Nova (during Bahia's promotion campaign), part of the stadium collapsed and 7 people died. More than 30 were injured.

After that episode, the state government declared that the stadium would be demolished. A new stadium is being built on the site for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Some notable games at the Fonte Nova:

On April, Bahia is back to the Arena Fonte Nova


Only senior titles are listed below.


Winners (2): 1959, 1988
Runners-up (2): 1961, 1963
Runner-up (1): 2007


Winners (2): 2001, 2002
Runners-up (2): 1997, 1999
Winners (3): 1959, 1961, 1963
Runners-up (3): 1960, 1962, 1968
Winners (1): 1948


Winners (46): 1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1938,[1] 1940, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999,[2] 2001, 2012, 2014, 2015
Runners-up (19): 1941, 1955, 1957, 1963, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1985, 1989, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013
Winners (3): 2000, 2002, 2007
Runners-up (2): 2004, 2006
Winners (9): 1931, 1932, 1934, 1937, 1938, 1951, 1964, 1967, 1979
Winners (16): 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2014

Friendly tournaments[edit]

Winners (1): 1997
Winners (1): 1998
Winners (3): 1953, 1954, 1955
Winners (2): 1993, 1994


Winners (2): 2001, 2002
Winners (1): 2011

Current squad[edit]

First team[edit]

As of 12 September 2015

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Jean
2 Brazil DF Railan
3 Brazil DF Robson
4 Brazil DF Jailton
5 Paraguay MF Wilson Pittoni
6 Brazil DF Ávine
7 Argentina FW Maxi Biancucchi
8 Brazil MF Souza (on loan from Cruzeiro)
9 Brazil FW Kieza
10 Brazil MF Rômulo
12 Brazil GK Guido
13 Brazil GK Douglas Pires
14 Brazil DF Thales (on loan from Internacional)
15 Brazil MF Yuri
16 Brazil DF Vitor
17 Brazil MF João Paulo Penha
18 Brazil MF Gustavo Blanco
19 Brazil FW Jacó
20 Brazil MF Tiago Real (on loan from Palmeiras)
21 Brazil FW Zé Roberto
22 Brazil DF Cicinho
No. Position Player
23 Brazil DF Gabriel Valongo
24 Brazil DF Hayner
25 Brazil MF Éder
26 Brazil DF Marlon
27 Brazil FW Mário
28 Brazil MF Tchô
29 Brazil FW João Leonardo
30 Brazil MF Eduardo (on loan from Fluminense)
32 Brazil GK Omar
33 Brazil DF Gustavo
34 Brazil DF Ewerton
36 Brazil DF João Paulo
39 Brazil FW Roger
- Brazil DF Adriano Apodi
- Brazil DF Carlos
- Brazil DF Patric
- Brazil DF Tony (on loan from Grêmio)
- Brazil MF Lenine
- Brazil MF Paulinho Dias
- Brazil FW Jeam

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Marcelo Lomba (on loan at Ponte Preta)
Brazil MF Feijão (on loan at Atlético-GO)
Brazil MF Jeferson Silva (on loan at Campinense)
No. Position Player
Brazil FW Gustavo (on loan at Japan Nagoya Grampus)
Brazil FW Mateus (on loan at Japan Omiya Ardija)

Youth squad[edit]

Professional players able to play in the youth team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Railan
Brazil FW Ítalo
No. Position Player
Brazil FW Matheus

Youth players with first team experience[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Bruno
No. Position Player



  1. ^ Two championships were organized in 1938.the other one was won by Botafogo.
  2. ^ The 1999 title was shared with Vitória.

External links[edit]