Esprit Jouffret

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An illustration from Jouffret's Traité élémentaire de géométrie à quatre dimensions. The book, which influenced Picasso, was given to him by Princet.

Esprit Jouffret (15 March 1837 – 6 November 1904) was a French artillery officer,[1] insurance actuary and mathematician, author of Traité élémentaire de géométrie à quatre dimensions (Elementary Treatise on the Geometry of Four Dimensions, 1903),[2] a popularization of Henri Poincaré's Science and Hypothesis in which Jouffret described hypercubes and other complex polyhedra in four dimensions and projected them onto the two-dimensional page.

Maurice Princet brought Traite to artist Pablo Picasso's attention. Picasso's sketchbooks for his 1907 painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon illustrate Jouffret's influence on the artist's work.<ref>Miller. Einstein, Picasso. pp. 106–117.

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  1. ^ Jouffret, Esprit (1881). Cours d'artillerie: Les projectiles (in French). Fontainebleau, France: École d'application de l'artillerie et du génie. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
  2. ^ Jouffret, Esprit (1903). Traité élémentaire de géométrie à quatre dimensions et introduction à la géométrie à n dimensions (in French). Paris: Gauthier-Villars. OCLC 1445172. Retrieved 2008-07-22.