Elevated railway tracks in the background
|Location||Steele, Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia
|DS100 code||EEST |
Essen-Steele is located in the district of Essen-Steele in the German city of Essen in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is on the Witten/Dortmund–Oberhausen/Duisburg line and is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station. It is served by Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn lines S1, S3 and S9.
The section of the Witten/Dortmund–Oberhausen/Duisburg railway between Essen and Bochum via Wattenscheid was opened by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company on 1 March 1862. A station was built in the town of Steele, which is now called Essen-Steele Ost station.
The opening of the Ruhr bridge in Steele on 1 June 1863 connected the Wuppertal-Vohwinkel–Essen-Überruhr railway to Steele. This line had been operated by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company to the Ruhr opposite Steele since 1854, when it had taken over the Prince William Railway Company.
In 1901, Steele West station was opened, serving passengers only. The station building was completed in 1912. The station was renamed Essen-Steele West (then with the abbreviation of ESTW) on 14 May 1950 and it has been called Essen-Steele since 27 May 1979. The former Essen-Steele station was renamed Essen-Steele Ost.
The old station building was demolished in the early 1970s during the establishment of the plaza in front of the station and the rearrangement of transport arrangements.
The opening of the viaduct between Steele West and Überruhr on 1 February 1978 shortened the train running time between Wuppertal and Essen because previously all trains on this route had to reverse in Essen-Steele Ost station. Local transport service N9 was operated by push-pull trains because the line to Wuppertal was not electrified until 2003. It has been served by Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn line S 9 since December 2003. It has been served by lines S 1 and S 3 since 1974.
The station is only served by the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn. It lies on the Witten/Dortmund–Oberhausen/Duisburg railway (timetable route 450.1) and connects to the Ruhr Valley Railway to Hattingen (Ruhr) Mitte (timetable route 450.3).
Since the opening of the transport plaza south of Steele station in 1978, it forms together with Essen-Steele Station one of the main transport hubs in Essen. It was designed to connect bus and tram passengers with Steele station so that they can quickly continue into the centre of Essen and to the neighbouring towns over the S-Bahn. From the beginning of 2009, the whole area was renovated, optimising pedestrian routes between modes and improving general accessibility, including to the S-Bahn platforms, so that the area, after being temporarily closed, was restored to operation on 28 August 2010. Two thirds of the reconstruction costs of approximately €9 million was met by the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the remaining costs were divided between the city of Essen and the transport operators.
|Preceding station||Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn||Following station|
toward Solingen Hbf
toward Dortmund Hbf
toward Oberhausen Hbf
toward Hattingen (Ruhr) Mitte
toward Haltern am See
toward Wuppertal Hbf
It is served by Essen tram lines 103 (peak hours only to Hollestr, Borbeck and Dellwig) and 109 (to Porscheplatz, Altendorf and Frohnhausen), both at 10-minute intervals. It is also served by 10 bus routes.
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- "Stationspreisliste 2016" [Station price list 2016] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Steeler Archiv e. V.
- "Essen-Steele operations". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "Verzögerung am Steeler Verkehrsplatz". Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). WAZ. June 2010.
- "Essen-Steele station". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "VRR rapid-transit plan 2013" (PDF) (in German). VRR. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
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