Essendine

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Essendine
Essendine Church - geograph.org.uk - 63948.jpg
Essendine Church
Former Essendine Goods Yard (Geograph 2010339 by Ashley Dace).jpg
Former goods yard from a northbound train
Essendine is located in Rutland
Essendine
Essendine
Essendine shown within Rutland
Area2.31 sq mi (6.0 km2[1]
Population368 2001 Census[2]
• Density159/sq mi (61/km2)
OS grid referenceTF043124
• London84 miles (135 km) SSE
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTAMFORD
Postcode districtPE9
Dialling code01780
PoliceLeicestershire
FireLeicestershire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Rutland
52°42′00″N 0°27′26″W / 52.700120°N 0.457225°W / 52.700120; -0.457225Coordinates: 52°42′00″N 0°27′26″W / 52.700120°N 0.457225°W / 52.700120; -0.457225

Essendine is a village at the eastern end of the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. The population of the civil parish was 368 at the 2001 census increasing to 448 at the 2011 census.[3] It lies on the West Glen, close by the earthworks of a small castle.

Geology[edit]

Most of the village is on Blisworth Limestone or Upper Estuarine Series geology, though the church and castle are on river alluvium. In the parish generally, the soils are shallow and well drained with limestone brash. There is some clay which is naturally rather poorly drained and occasionally waterlogged. It produces the wheat, barley, sugar beet and some potatoes usual in eastern England

Buildings[edit]

The small church has a notable Norman tympanum over its south door.[4][5] It is built within the remains of the Castle, which appears to have been a very early Norman bailey later developing into a strongly fortified manor.[4][6][7]

The village is dominated by a large industrial site, once the factory of Allis Chalmers, later Fiat-Allis. After closure various buildings were rented to a variety of small enterprises, and there are a large number of small businesses to be found to this day.

Controversially two substantial fires occurred there in a short time.[8]

The railway[edit]

Essendine railway station was on the East Coast Main Line. The railway line and station opened in 1852 and the station closed in 1966.[9] The line is still very busy.

The station also became the main line terminus of the short Stamford to Essendine line (via Belmesthorpe) which opened in 1856.[10] The Bourne and Essendine Railway, begun at Essendine in 1858, opened on 16 May 1860.[11]

On 3 July 1938, North of Essendine, just over the border in Lincolnshire at Milepost 90¼ London and North Eastern Railway Class A4 locomotive number 4468 "Mallard" set the land speed record for a steam locomotive reaching 126mph, which is unbeaten to this day. Mallard achieved this at the 90¼ milepost where a commemorative sign was erected by the track in 1998.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A vision of Britain through time". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  2. ^ "Rutland Civil Parish Populations" (PDF). Rutland County Council. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  3. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b A History of the County of Rutland. Victoria County History. 2. 1935. pp. XXVII–XLIV.
  5. ^ "National Monument record:Church".
  6. ^ Creighton, Oliver (1999). "Early Castles in the Medieval Landscape of Rutland" (PDF). Transactions of the Leicestershire archaeological and Historical society. 73.
  7. ^ "National Monument record:castle".
  8. ^ "Newspaper account of reaction to fires".[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "National Monument Record:Railway station".
  10. ^ "National Monument record:Stamford and Essendine railway".
  11. ^ "National Monument Record:Bourne and Essendine railway".
  • Anon. British Geological Survey, 1:50 000, Sheet 157, Solid and Drift edn. (1976).
  • Anon. Soils England and Wales Scale 1:250 000. Sheet 4. (1983).
  • Rhodes, J. Bourne to Essendine (1986) ISBN 0-948017-03-1.

External links[edit]