Essential Air Service

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Areas in the contiguous United States served by the Essential Air Service.

Essential Air Service (EAS) is a U.S. government program enacted to guarantee that small communities in the United States, which, prior to deregulation, were served by certificated airlines, maintained commercial service. Its aim is to maintain a minimal level of scheduled air service to these communities that otherwise would not be profitable. This came in response to the Airline Deregulation Act, passed in 1978, which gave U.S. airlines almost total freedom to determine which markets to serve domestically and what fares to charge for that service.[1] The program is codified at 49 U.S.C. §§ 4173141748.

The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) subsidizes airlines to serve communities across the country that otherwise would not receive any scheduled air service.[1] As of November 1, 2013, the Essential Air Service subsidized 160 communities, of which 43 were in Alaska,[2][3] whose guidelines for service are separate and distinct from the rest of the country. The decision as to what degree of subsidized service a community requires is made based on identifying a specific hub for the community and from there determining the number of trips, seats, and type of aircraft that are necessary to serve that hub.[1]

Congressional panels expected the funding for the program to increase slightly to $114 million in 2007.[needs update] However, the George W. Bush Administration sought to reduce the cost of the program to $50 million by stricter eligibility criteria and requiring the local governments of the areas served to contribute to the cost. The budget for EASs increased from $131.5 million in 2011[4] to $214 million in 2012[5] to $234 million in 2013 and to $241 million in 2014.[6][7] The Heritage Foundation argued in 2014 that rural airports should receive no federal subsidies through the Essential Air Service program; rather, state and local governments that value the air services should support them.[8] The Congressional Research Service has reported that since the early 2000s federal subsidies for the EAS have nearly tripled to almost $300 million per year.[9]

EAS subsidies have increased by more than 500% since 1997

Criteria[edit]

Pursuant to the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000, no community within the lower 48 states may receive a subsidy greater than $200 per passenger unless the community is more than 210 miles from the nearest large or medium hub airport. To be eligible for the program, a community in the lower 48 states must either maintain an average of 10 or more enplanements per service day or be located more than 175 miles from the nearest large or medium hub airport.[10]

Controversy[edit]

Critics question the economic efficiency of the service.[11] According to a 2006 New York Times article on the program, the subsidy per passenger, averaged across the entire program excluding Alaska, is approximately $74, and much higher on some particularly poorly-patronized flights[12] where subsidies are as high as $801 per passenger.[13]

Patronage on many flights is very low. The majority of EAS airplanes have fewer than 20 seats, and flights typically are less than half full.[14] However, the program is politically popular in the cities receiving the subsidized flights, many of which use an airport with scheduled service as a selling point to attract industry to their regions.

Several subsidized airports are within an hour's drive from an unsubsidized airport.[15] For example:

Some subsidized airports are within driving distance of multiple unsubsidized airports. For example:

Essential Air Service Report Tables[edit]

The following tables list all Essential Air Service communities under the various funding programs. This is based on the most recent reports issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT),[23][24][25] and updated to reflect changes based on DOT orders published at [Regulations.gov]. Docket and order numbers link to their respective pages on the docket management site, which typically includes the original files in PDF and other formats.

Alternative Essential Air Service[edit]

The Alternative Essential Air Service program grants funds directly to the municipality or airport authority instead of the airline. This allows the community to recruit air service that would not otherwise meet EAS guidelines, such as more frequent service with smaller aircraft, less-than-daily service, flights to differing destinations at different times of the year or week, on-demand air taxi service, scheduled or on-demand ground surface transportation, regionalized air service, or even purchasing an aircraft. This alternative program has most often occurred as a public charter arrangement as prescribed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 380. The first airport to enter this program was Manistee County Blacker Airport in 2012.[26] Victoria Regional Airport joined the program in 2014. In both cases, the airports went through multiple rounds of traditional bidding for subsidized Essential Air Service where no acceptable bids were received.

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Air Carrier Aircraft / Maximum Seats Annual Grant Docket Order Expires
MI Manistee / Ludington Manistee County Blacker Airport Chicago-Midway (MDW) Corporate Flight Management
dba North Country Sky
BAe Jetstream 32 / 19 or
BAe Jetstream 41 / 30
$2,328,104 1996-1711 2014-7-16 Jul 31, 2018
TX Victoria Victoria Regional Airport Austin (AUS)
Houston Intercontinental (IAH)
Corporate Flight Management
dba Texas Sky
BAe Jetstream 32 / 19 $2,660,000 2005-20454 2016-11-13 Oct 31, 2018
WV Beckley Raleigh County Memorial Airport Charlotte (CLT) Charter Air Transport
dba ViaAir
Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia / 30 $2,828,034 1997-2761 2016-9-11 Nov 30, 2018
WV Clarksburg / Fairmont North Central West Virginia Airport Baltimore (BWI)
Charlotte (CLT)
Charter Air Transport
dba ViaAir
Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia / 30 $2,310,252 2005-20736 2016-9-11 Nov 30, 2018
WV Parkersburg, WV / Marietta, OH Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Airport Charlotte (CLT) Charter Air Transport
dba ViaAir
Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia / 30 $1,938,219 2005-20734 2016-9-11 Nov 30, 2018

Community Flexibility Pilot Program[edit]

Up to ten communities may forego their EAS for a period of ten years in exchange for a grant equal to two years’ subsidy. Applications were due within 60 days of May 17, 2016. If the USDOT received 10 or fewer applications that are compliant with applicable requirements within the 60-day period, all such applications would be granted. If more than 10 compliant applications were received within 60 days, the USDOT would treat the program as a competitive grant program.

State Community Airport Application Date Status Total Grant Docket Most Recent Filing
CA Visalia Visalia Municipal Airport Jun 28, 2016 Under Review by DOT TBD 2004-19916 Form SF-424

Subsidized EAS Communities[edit]

Areas Excluding Alaska[edit]

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Air Carrier Aircraft / Maximum Seats Annual Subsidy Docket Order Expires
AL Muscle Shoals Northwest Alabama Regional Airport Atlanta (ATL)
Nashville (BNA)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 8 $2,779,632 2000-7856 2015-12-3 Feb 28, 2018
AZ Page Page Municipal Airport Phoenix (PHX) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D / 19 $2,275,111 1997-2694 2015-4-24 Apr 30, 2017
AZ Prescott Ernest A. Love Field Los Angeles (LAX) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia / 30 $2,657,002 1996-1899 2015-4-24 Apr 30, 2017
AZ Show Low Show Low Regional Airport Phoenix (PHX) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $1,243,255 1998-4409 2015-4-13 Apr 30, 2017
AR El Dorado / Camden South Arkansas Regional Airport at Goodwin Field TBD TBD TBD $1,977,153 1997-2935 2015-7-12 Oct 31, 2017
AR Harrison Boone County Airport TBD TBD TBD $2,251,207 1997-2935 2013-8-13 Oct 31, 2017
AR Hot Springs Memorial Field Airport TBD TBD TBD $1,637,012 1997-2935 2015-7-12 Oct 31, 2017
AR Jonesboro Jonesboro Municipal Airport St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $1,942,890 (years 1 & 2)
$1,923,462 (years 3 & 4)
1997-2935 2014-2-17 Feb 28, 2018
CA Crescent City Del Norte County Airport Portland (PDX) PenAir Saab 340 / 30 $3,506,231 1997-2649 2015-3-14 Sep 30, 2017
CA El Centro Imperial County Airport Los Angeles (LAX) Mokulele Airlines Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,264,008 2008-0299 2015-3-11 Apr 30, 2018
CA Merced Merced Regional Airport Las Vegas (LAS)
Los Angeles (LAX)
Oakland (OAK)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,991,546 1998-3521 2015-6-9 Jul 31, 2017
CO Alamosa San Luis Valley Regional Airport Albuquerque (ABQ)
Denver (DEN)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,593,050 1998-3508 2016-8-1 Sep 30, 2018
CO Cortez Cortez Municipal Airport Denver (DEN)
Phoenix (PHX)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,580,480 1998-3508 2016-8-1 Sep 30, 2018
CO Pueblo Pueblo Memorial Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia / 30 $1,776,448 1999-6589 2015-6-11 Jul 31, 2017
HI Kalaupapa Kalaupapa Airport Honolulu (HNL)
Molokai (MKK)
Schuman Aviation Company
dba Makani Kai Air
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $751,040 (year 1)
$730,848 (year 2)
$710,656 (year 3)
$690,463 (year 4)
2000-6773 2014-6-12 May 30, 2018
HI Kamuela Waimea-Kohala Airport Kahului (OGG) Mokulele Airlines Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $494,291 (year 1)
$434,411 (year 2)
$417,310 (year 3)
$412,389 (year 4)
1997-2833 2013-7-3 Sep 30, 2017
IL Decatur Decatur Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
St. Louis (STL)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,915,638 2006-23929 2015-12-11 Jan 31, 2018
IL Marion / Herrin Williamson County Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,626,625 (year 1)
$2,731,690 (year 2)
$2,840,958 (year 3)
$2,954,596 (year 4)
2000-7881 2015-10-19 Nov 30, 2019
IL Quincy, IL / Hannibal, MO Quincy Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,532,335 (year 1)
$2,633,628 (year 2)
2002-14492 2015-10-19 Nov 30, 2017
IA Burlington Southeast Iowa Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
St. Louis (STL)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,316,502 2001-8731 2015-12-11 Jan 31, 2018
IA Fort Dodge Fort Dodge Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
St. Louis (STL)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $3,715,953 2001-10682 2016-9-12 Feb 28, 2017
IA Mason City Mason City Municipal Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD)
Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP)
Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $3,715,953 2001-10684 2016-9-12 Feb 28, 2017
IA Waterloo Waterloo Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 140/145 / 50 or
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50
$1,829,458 2011-0132 2015-12-16 Apr 30, 2018
KS Dodge City Dodge City Regional Airport Denver (DEN) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $1,593,702 1998-3502 2016-6-23 Oct 31, 2018
KS Garden City Garden City Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $968,313 1998-3503 2016-6-11 Jul 31, 2018
KS Hays Hays Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,482,353 1998-3497 2016-6-11 Jul 31, 2018
KS Liberal, KS / Guymon, OK Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport Denver (DEN) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $1,593,702 1998-3498 2016-6-23 Oct 31, 2018
KS Salina Salina Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia / 30 $1,999,905 2002-11376 2016-2-9 Mar 31, 2018
KY Owensboro Owensboro–Daviess County Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,948,217 (year 1)
$2,026,145 (year 2)
$2,107,191 (year 3)
$2,191,479 (year 4)
2000-7855 2015-10-18 Dec 31, 2019
KY Paducah Barkley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,170,549 2009-0299 2015-11-5 Jan 31, 2018
ME Augusta / Waterville Augusta State Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,818,106 (year 1)
$1,890,830 (year 2)
$1,966,463 (year 3)
$2,045,122 (year 4)
1997-2784 2014-10-4 Oct 31, 2018
ME Bar Harbor Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air
Off-Season
4 Year Term
PenAir
Summer High-Season only
2 Year Term
Cessna 402C / 9
Saab 340 / 33
$1,726,152 (year 1)
$1,777,937 (year 2)
$1,831,275 (year 3)
$1,886,213 (year 4)
$466,799 annually
PenAir
2011-0185 2016-4-10 Jun 30, 2020
Cape Air
Jun 30, 2018
PenAir
ME Presque Isle / Houlton Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle Boston (BOS) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $5,087,738 (year 1)
$5,201,724 (year 2)
2000-8012 2016-4-10 Jun 30, 2018
ME Rockland Knox County Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,890,918 (year 1)
$1,966,555 (year 2)
$2,045,217 (year 3)
$2,127,026 (year 4)
1997-2784 2014-10-4 Oct 31, 2018
MD Hagerstown Hagerstown Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $1,785,638 2006-25228 2016-3-14 Mar 31, 2017
MI Alpena Alpena County Regional Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,348,781 2009-0300 2016-5-21 Sep 30, 2018
MI Escanaba Delta County Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,832,133 2003-15128 2016-8-23 Dec 31, 2018
MI Hancock / Houghton Houghton County Memorial Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,633,954 2009-0302 2015-11-5 Jan 31, 2018
MI Iron Mountain / Kingsford Ford Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,970,122 1999-5175 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
MI Ironwood, MI / Ashland, WI Gogebic–Iron County Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $3,312,107 (year 1)
$3,411,470 (year 2)
$3,513,814 (year 3)
$3,619,229 (year 4)
1996-1266 2016-6-16 Jul 31, 2020
MI Muskegon Muskegon County Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,418,759 2009-0301 2015-11-5 Jan 31, 2018
MI Pellston Pellston Regional Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,245,071 2011-0133 2015-12-14 Jan 31, 2018
MI Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa County International Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,926,968 2009-0303 2015-12-14 Jan 31, 2017
MN Bemidji Bemidji Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,244,219 2011-0134 2014-12-15 Feb 28, 2018
MN Brainerd Brainerd Lakes Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,671,602 2011-0135 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
MN Chisholm / Hibbing Range Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,867,406 2003-15796 2016-2-22 May 31, 2018
MN International Falls Falls International Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,197,037 2009-0304 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
MN Thief River Falls Thief River Falls Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,537,794 2001-10642 2016-4-15 May 31, 2018
MS Greenville Mid Delta Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
Nashville (BNA)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,097,960 2008-0209 2015-8-9 Sep 30, 2017
MS Hattiesburg / Laurel Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) ExpressJet
dba American Eagle
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,133,072 2001-10685 2016-8-9 Oct 31, 2018
MS Meridian Meridian Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) ExpressJet
dba American Eagle
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,985,821 2008-0112 2016-8-9 Oct 31, 2018
MS Tupelo Tupelo Regional Airport Nashville (BNA) Corporate Flight Management
dba Contour Airlines
BAe Jetstream 31/32 / 9 $4,292,405 2009-0305 2015-12-12 Feb 28, 2018
MO Cape Girardeau / Sikeston Cape Girardeau Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,063,432 (year 1)
$2,145,969 (year 2)
1996-1559 2015-10-19 Nov 30, 2017
MO Ft. Leonard Wood Waynesville-St. Robert Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,631,476 (year 1)
$1,696,735 (year 2)
$1,764,605 (year 3)
$1,835,189 (year 4)
1996-1167 2015-1-12 Dec 31, 2018
MO Joplin Joplin Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $519,201 2006-23932 2015-1-24 Feb 28, 2017
MO Kirksville Kirksville Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,931,684 (year 1)
$1,989,635 (year 2)
$2,049,324 (year 3)
$2,110,803 (year 4)
1997-2515 2016-8-14 Sep 30, 2020
MT Butte Bert Mooney Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $901,763 2011-0136 2015-10-21 Dec 31, 2017
MT Glasgow Glasgow Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,068,066 (year 1)
$2,130,108 (year 2)
$2,194,011 (year 3)
$2,259,831 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT Glendive Dawson Community Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,010,381 (year 1)
$2,070,693 (year 2)
$2,132,813 (year 3)
$2,196,798 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT Havre Havre City–County Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,085,175 (year 1)
$2,147,730 (year 2)
$2,212,162 (year 3)
$2,278,526 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT Sidney Sidney–Richland Municipal Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $3,887,766 (year 1)
$4,004,399 (year 2)
$4,124,531 (year 3)
$4,248,267 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
MT West Yellowstone Yellowstone Airport TBD TBD TBD $491,205
Summer Season only
2003-14626 2015-3-11 Sep 30, 2016
MT Wolf Point L. M. Clayton Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,193,783 (year 1)
$2,259,596 (year 2)
$2,327,384 (year 3)
$2,397,206 (year 4)
1997-2605 2015-9-20 Dec 31, 2019
NE Alliance Alliance Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,072,150 2000-8322 2015-4-23 May 31, 2017
NE Chadron Chadron Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,120,315 2000-8322 2015-4-23 May 31, 2017
NE Grand Island Central Nebraska Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $1,270,707 2002-13983 2015-5-15 Jun 30, 2017
NE Kearney Kearney Regional Airport Denver (DEN) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $3,513,473 (year 1)
$3,567,224 (year 2)
1996-1715 2016-5-20 Oct 31, 2018
NE McCook McCook Ben Nelson Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,373,939 1997-3005 2016-2-19 May 31, 2018
NE North Platte North Platte Regional Airport Denver (DEN) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $2,319,832 (year 1)
$2,291,955 (year 2)
1999-5173 2016-5-20 Oct 31, 2018
NE Scottsbluff Western Nebraska Regional Airport Denver (DEN) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $2,256,166 (year 1)
$2,234,900 (year 2)
2003-14535 2016-5-20 Oct 31, 2018
NH Lebanon, NH / White River Junction, VT Lebanon Municipal Airport Boston (BOS)
White Plains (HPN)
Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,972,718 (year 1)
$3,091,627 (year 2)
$3,215,292 (year 3)
$3,343,904 (year 4)
2003-14822 2014-11-6 Nov 30, 2018
NM Carlsbad Cavern City Air Terminal Albuquerque (ABQ)
Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,410,695 2002-12802 2015-4-12 May 31, 2017
NM Clovis Clovis Municipal Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,184,393 1996-1902 2016-6-12 Jul 31, 2018
NM Silver City / Hurley / Deming Grant County Airport Albuquerque (ABQ)
Phoenix (PHX)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,285,885 (year 1)
$3,368,032 (year 2)
1996-1903 2016-10-13 Dec 31, 2018
NY Jamestown Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,140,409 2003-14950 2016-8-26 Sep 30, 2018
NY Massena Massena International Airport Albany (ALB)
Boston (BOS)
Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,608,773 2012-0163 2015-1-2 Mar 31, 2017
NY Ogdensburg Ogdensburg International Airport Albany (ALB)
Boston (BOS)
Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $2,419,820 (year 1)
$2,516,612 (year 2)
$2,617,277 (year 3)
$2,721,968 (year 4)
1997-2842 2015-1-1 Mar 30, 2019
NY Plattsburgh Plattsburgh International Airport Boston (BOS) PenAir Saab 340 / 33 $2,989,877 (year 1)
$3,068,490 (year 2)
2003-14783 2016-4-10 Jun 30, 2018
NY Saranac Lake / Lake Placid Adirondack Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,832,064 2000-8025 2014-2-19 Feb 28, 2018
NY Watertown Watertown International Airport Philadelphia (PHL) American Eagle Bombardier Dash 8 / 37 or
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50
$1,877,617 or
$2,631,598
2013-0188 2015-11-21 Jan 31, 2018
ND Devils Lake Devils Lake Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $3,990,807 1997-2785 2016-5-19 Jun 30, 2018
ND Dickinson Dickinson Theodore Roosevelt Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Trans States Airlines
dba United Express
Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $4,162,080 1995-697 2016-10-11 Sep 30, 2018
ND Jamestown Jamestown Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,798,531 1997-2785 2016-5-19 Jun 30, 2018
OR Pendleton Eastern Oregon Regional Airport Portland (PDX)
Seattle (SEA)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $2,273,823 2004-19934 2016-9-17 Dec 31, 2018
PA Altoona Altoona–Blair County Airport Baltimore (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,371,942 2002-11446 2016-8-26 Sep 30, 2018
PA Bradford Bradford Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,196,742 2003-14528 2016-8-25 Oct 31, 2018
PA DuBois DuBois Regional Airport Baltimore (BWI)
Pittsburgh (PIT)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,967,587 2004-17617 2016-8-24 Oct 31, 2018
PA Franklin / Oil City Venango Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $1,598,201 1997-2523 2016-8-35 Oct 31, 2018
PA Johnstown Johnstown–Cambria County Airport Pittsburgh (PIT)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,912,558 2002-11451 2016-8-24 Oct 31, 2018
PA Lancaster Lancaster Airport Pittsburgh (PIT)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,504,174 2002-11450 2016-3-14 Mar 31, 2017
PR Mayagüez Eugenio María de Hostos Airport San Juan (SJU) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,461,856 (year 1)
$1,505,712 (year 2)
$1,550,883 (year 3)
$1,597,410 (year 4)
$1,645,332 (year 5)
2004-19622 2016-2-1 Apr 30, 2021
SD Aberdeen Aberdeen Regional Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $1,037,667 2011-0137 2015-12-15 Feb 28, 2018
SD Pierre Pierre Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Aerodynamics, Inc.
dba Great Lakes Jet Express
Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $4,524,131 2011-0138 2016-6-2 Jul 31, 2018
SD Watertown Watertown Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Aerodynamics, Inc.
dba Great Lakes Jet Express
Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $2,268,256 2001-10644 2016-6-2 Jul 31, 2018
TN Jackson McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero Inc
dba Air Choice One
Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,072,293 2000-7857 2015-3-1 May 31, 2017
UT Cedar City Cedar City Regional Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,630,807 2003-16395 2015-11-22 Dec 31, 2017
UT Moab Canyonlands Field Denver (DEN)
Salt Lake City (SLC)
Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12 / 9 $3,991,840 1997-2827 2015-12-17 Feb 28, 2018
UT Vernal Vernal Regional Airport Denver (DEN)
Salt Lake City (SLC)
Boutique Air Beechcraft King Air 300/350 / 9 $3,324,848 1997-2706 2015-12-17 Feb 28, 2018
VT Rutland Rutland – Southern Vermont Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C / 9 $1,360,481 2005-21681 2013-8-3 Oct 31, 2017
VA Staunton Shenandoah Valley Regional Airport Charlotte (CLT) Charter Air Transport
dba ViaAir
Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $3,797,780 2002-11378 2016-10-9 Nov 30, 2018
WV Greenbrier/White Sulphur Springs
(Lewisburg)
Greenbrier Valley Airport Charlotte (CLT) Charter Air Transport
dba ViaAir
Embraer ERJ 145 / 50 $4,731,866 2003-15553 2016-9-10 Nov 30, 2018
WV Morgantown Morgantown Municipal Airport Pittsburgh (PIT)
Washington-Dulles (IAD)
Southern Airways Express Cessna 208 Caravan / 9 $2,989,432 2005-20735 2016-8-24 Oct 31, 2018
WI Eau Claire Chippewa Valley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,221,305 2009-0306 2015-11-5 Jan 31, 2018
WI Rhinelander Rhinelander–Oneida County Airport Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,050,889 2011-0109 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
WY Cody Yellowstone Regional Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $938,050
Winter Season only
2011-0121 2015-12-13 Feb 28, 2018
WY Laramie Laramie Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 / 50 $2,182,244 1997-2958 2016-6-20 Sep 30, 2018

Alaska[edit]

Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expires
Adak Adak Airport Anchorage (ANC) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $2,057,114 2000-8556 2013-7-14 Sep 30, 2015
Akutan Akutan Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Piper Navajo/9 $579,220 2000-7068 2012-11-15 Sep 30, 2014
Alitak / Lazy Bay Alitak Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Amook Bay Amook Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Angoon Angoon Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $145,734 2006-25542 2010-12-7,
2011-3-18
Jan 31, 2015
Atka Atka Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200/9 $822,445 1995-363 2012-5-20 Sep 30, 2014
Central Central Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo/8 $137,799 1998-3621 2011-9-11 Nov 30, 2013
Chatham Chatham Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Ward Air Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206,
de Havilland Beaver
$11,472 1997-3134 2012-9-2 Sep 30, 2014
Chisana Chisana Airport Tok (TOK) 40-Mile Air Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206 or 207/4
$81,040 1998-4574 2012-6-18 May 31, 2014
Circle Circle City Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo/8 $137,799 1998-3621 2011-9-11 Nov 30, 2013
Cordova Merle K. (Mudhole) Smith Airport Anchorage (ANC), Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $2,145,356 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Diomede Diomede Heliport Nome (OME), Wales (WAA) Evergreen Helicopters BO-105/4 $188,760 2009-0260 2013-6-11 Jun 30, 2014
Elfin Cove Elfin Cove Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $75,391 2002-11586 2011-3-11,
2011-3-19
Jan 31, 2015
Excursion Inlet Excursion Inlet Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Air Excursions PA-32 Cherokee 6/5,
Cessna 206
$28,835 2002-12014 2012-9-8 Sep 30, 2014
Funter Bay Funter Bay Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Ward Air Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206,
de Havilland Beaver
$13,416 1997-3134 2012-9-2 Sep 30, 2014
Gulkana Gulkana Airport Anchorage (ANC) Copper Valley Air Service Piper PA-31 Navajo/6 $269,189 1995-492 2010-12-8 Jan 31, 2015
Gustavus Gustavus Airport Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $536,339 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Healy Lake Healy Lake Airport Fairbanks (FAI) 40-Mile Air Cessna 206 or 207/5 $104,703 1998-3546 2012-6-18 May 31, 2014
Hydaburg Hydaburg Seaplane Base Ketchikan (KTN) Taquan Air de Havilland Beaver/6 $151,773 1999-6245 2011-7-12 Oct 31, 2015
Kake Kake Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Air Excursions PA-31 Navajo/9 $177,574 2008-0217 2012-9-8 Sep 30, 2014
Kitoi Bay Kitoi Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Lake Minchumina Minchumina Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Wright Air Service Cessna 206/4,
Cessna 208/9
$102,300 2008-0237 2012-10-14 Oct 31, 2014
Manley Hot Springs Manley Hot Springs Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures PA-31-350 Navajo/9,
Cessna 206
$45,534 2004-17563 2012-8-10 Aug 31, 2014
May Creek May Creek Airport Gulkana (GKN) Copper Valley Air Service Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206/4
$103,099 1995-492 2012-11-34 Jan 31, 2015
McCarthy McCarthy Airport Gulkana (GKN) Copper Valley Air Service Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206/4
$103,099 1995-492 2012-11-34 Jan 31, 2015
Minto Minto Al Wright Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures PA-31-350 Navajo/9,
Cessna 206
$45,534 2004-17563 2012-8-10 Aug 31, 2014
Moser Bay Moser Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Nikolski Nikolski Air Station Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200/9 $331,431
$324,998
1995-363 2012-5-20 Sep 30, 2014
Olga Bay Olga Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Pelican Pelican Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $185,721 2002-11586 2011-3-11 Jan 31, 2015
Petersburg Petersburg James A. Johnson Airport Juneau (JNU), Ketchikan (KTN) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $1,738,290 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Port Alexander Port Alexander Seaplane Base Sitka (SIT) Harris Aircraft Services Cessna 185/3 $75,293 1999-6244 2012-2-15 Feb 28, 2014
Port Bailey Port Bailey Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Port William Port Williams Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Rampart Rampart Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo/9 $76,416 2008-0201 2012-10-14 Oct 31, 2014
San Juan / Uganik San Juan (Uganik) Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Seal Bay Seal Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Tatitlek Tatitlek Airport Anchorage (ANC) Alaska Air Transit Cessna 208B/9 $105,639 2013-0030 2013-8-1 Sep 30, 2017
Tenakee Tenakee Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $135,576 2006-25542 2010-12-7,
2011-3-18
Jan 31, 2015
West Point West Point Village Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Wrangell Wrangell Airport Juneau (JNU), Ketchikan (KTN) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $1,738,290 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Yakutat Yakutat Airport Anchorage (ANC), Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $2,145,356 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Zachar Bay Zachar Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Current Total: $14,701,208

Communities Formerly Having Subsidized EAS[edit]

The following tables list airports which formerly had Essential Air Service subsidized routes.

Areas Excluding Alaska[edit]

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft/Seats Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expired
GA Macon Middle Georgia Regional Airport Atlanta (ATL),
Orlando (MCO)
Silver Airways Saab 340/34 $1,998,696 2007-28671 2013-2-26 Nov 5, 2014
SD Huron Huron Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,552,000 2000-7138 2014-7-10 Sep 30, 2016

Alaska[edit]

Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expired
Akhiok Akhiok Airport Kodiak Servant Air Piper PA-32R-300 $51,709
0
2007-0020 2008-2-10
2010-2-15
March 31, 2010
N/A
Cape Yakataga Yakataga Airport Yakutat Alsek Air Service Cessna 206 $45,500 1996-2009 2010-9-21 Oct 31, 2012
Icy Bay Icy Bay Airport Yakutat Alsek Air Service Cessna 206 $45,500 1996-2009 2010-9-21 Oct 31, 2012
Karluk Karluk Airport Kodiak Island Air Service Piper PA-32 $44,349 2004-19342 2010-6-13 Mar 31, 2012

External links[edit]

External links: Essential Air Service airports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Essential Air Service". U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). Retrieved 1 Oct 2014. 
  2. ^ "US Non-Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. November 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. November 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ Ybarra, Shirley (13 Sep 2011). "Comparison of the Essential Air Service Program to Alternative Coach Bus Service Keeping small communities connected cost-effectively". http://www.reason.org/. The Reason Foundation.  External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ Associated Press (19 Jun 2012). "House panel boosts rural air service subsidies". http://www.foxnews.com.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ Subsidized EAS report for communities in Alaska-June 2014 (PDF) (Report). Department of Transportation. 
  7. ^ Subsidized EAS report for communities in Alaska-June 2014 (PDF) (Report). Department of Transportation. 
  8. ^ "Ten places to cut waste as Congress considers a budget", Romina Boccia, January 15, 2014, also published in the Washington Times.
  9. ^ http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44176.pdf, Essential Air Service (EAS) Report by the Congressional Research Service, September 3, 2015
  10. ^ "Essential Air Service". Department of Transportation. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Federal Subsidies Keep Small-Town Airports Flying". NPR. November 18, 2009. 
  12. ^ Bailey, Jeff (October 6, 2006). "Subsidies Keep Airlines Flying to Small Towns". The New York Times. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  13. ^ "Comparison of Essential Air Service Program to Alternative Coach Bus Service" (PDF). American Bus Association. September 2011. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012.  Archived as of February 2, 2012
  14. ^ "EAS Program a Complete Taxpayer Waste", Eli Lehrer, Heartlander Magazine. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  15. ^ "Federal Subsidies Keep Small-Town Airports Flying". NPR. November 18, 2009. 
  16. ^ Lancaster Airport to Harrisburg International Airport
  17. ^ Visalia Municipal Airport to Fresno Yosemite International Airport, Google Maps.
  18. ^ Pueblo Memorial Airport to Colorado Springs Airport, Google Maps.
  19. ^ Muskegon County Airport to Gerald R. Ford International Airport
  20. ^ Owensboro-Daviess County Regional Airport to Evansville Regional Airport, Google Maps.
  21. ^ Decatur Airport to University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Willard Airport, Google Maps.
  22. ^ Decatur Airport to Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport, Google Maps
  23. ^ "Essential Air Service Reports". U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  24. ^ "US Non-Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. October 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  25. ^ "US Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. October 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  26. ^ Kotler, Fred B. Passenger Air Service in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula: Overview and Analysis, UPWard Initiative, November 2012, Retrieved 2015-04-01