Essential Air Service

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Essential Air Service (EAS) is a U.S. government program enacted to guarantee that small communities in the United States, which, prior to deregulation, were served by certificated airlines, maintained commercial service. Its aim is to maintain a minimal level of scheduled air service to these communities that otherwise would not be profitable. This came in response to the Airline Deregulation Act, passed in 1978, which gave U.S. airlines almost total freedom to determine which markets to serve domestically and what fares to charge for that service.[1] The program is codified at 49 U.S.C. §§ 4173141748.

Areas in the continental United States served by the Essential Air Service.

The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) subsidizes airlines to serve rural communities across the country that otherwise would not receive any scheduled air service.[1] As of November 1, 2013, the Essential Air Service subsidized 160 communities, of which 43 were in Alaska,[2][3] whose guidelines for service are separate and distinct from the rest of the country. The decision as to what degree of subsidized service a community requires is made based on identifying a specific hub for the community and from there determining the number of trips, seats, and type of aircraft that are necessary to reach that hub.[1]

The budget for EASs increased from $131.5 million in 2011[4] to $214 million in 2012[5] to $234 million in 2013 and to $241 million in 2014.[6][7]

Cessna 402 in Essential Air Service flight to Mayagüez, Puerto Rico (November 2008)

Controversy[edit]

Critics question the economic efficiency of the service.[8] According to a 2006 New York Times article on the program, the subsidy per passenger, averaged across the entire program excluding Alaska, is approximately $74, and much higher on some particularly poorly-patronized flights[9] where subsidies are as high as $801 per passenger.[10]

Patronage on many flights is very low. The majority of EAS airplanes have fewer than 20 seats, and flights typically are less than half full.[11] However, the program is politically popular in the cities receiving the subsidized flights, many of which use an airport with scheduled service as a selling point to attract industry to their regions.

Several subsidized airports are within an hour's drive from an unsubsidized airport.[12] For example:

[17]

Some subsidized airports are within driving distance of multiple unsubsidized airports. For example:

Some of the subsidized airports also have a daily Amtrak service.

Some of the subsidized airports have two daily Amtrak services.

  • The subsidized Quincy Regional Airport has two daily Amtrak services, the Illinois Zephyr and the Carl Sandburg.
  • The aforementioned Lancaster Airport in Pennsylvania, in addition to being relatively close to unsubsidized Harrisburg International Airport, serves a community with multiple Amtrak services, including one daily Pennsylvanian in each direction (eastbound to New York via Philadelphia and westbound to Pittsburgh via Harrisburg); the Keystone Service also serves Lancaster with thirteen trains eastbound (twelve to New York via Philadelphia, one terminating in Philadelphia) and thirteen trains westbound to Harrisburg every weekday, seven trains each direction every Saturday, and seven each direction on Sunday, for a total of fourteen weekday and eight weekend services in each direction.[20]

Congressional panels expected the funding for the program to increase slightly to $114 million in 2007.[dated info] However, the George W. Bush Administration sought to reduce the cost of the program to $50 million by stricter eligibility criteria and requiring the local governments of the areas served to contribute to the cost. The Heritage Foundation argued in 2014 that rural airports should receive no federal subsidies through the Essential Air Service program; rather, state and local governments that value the air services should support them.[21]

Alternative Essential Air Service[edit]

The Alternative Essential Air Service program designates funds directly to the municipality or airport authority instead of the airline. This allows the community to recruit air service that would not otherwise meet EAS guidelines, such as less-than-daily service, flights to differing destinations at different times of the year or week, air taxi service, or even ground transportation. This is often done under a public charter arrangement. The first airport to enter this program was Manistee County Blacker Airport in 2012.[22] Victoria Regional Airport joined the program in 2014. In both cases, the airports went through multiple rounds of traditional Essential Air Service bidding where no acceptable bids were received.

Subsidized routes[edit]

The following tables list all subsidized Essential Air Service routes. This is based on reports issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT),[23] most recently in October 2015,[24][25] and updated to reflect changes based on DOT orders published at [Regulations.gov]. Docket and order numbers link to their respective pages on the docket management site, which typically includes the original files in PDF and other formats.

Areas excluding Alaska[edit]

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft/Seats Annual Subsidy Docket Order Expires
AL Muscle Shoals Northwest Alabama Regional Airport Atlanta (ATL), Nashville (BNA) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/8 $2,779,632 2000-7856 2012-5-17,
2015-12-3
Feb 28, 2018
AZ Page Page Municipal Airport Phoenix (PHX), Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,472,028 1997-2694 2015-4-24 Apr 30, 2017
AZ Prescott Ernest A. Love Field Los Angeles (LAX) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer 120/30 $2,657,002 1996-1899 2015-4-24 Apr 30, 2017
AZ Show Low Show Low Regional Airport Phoenix (PHX) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $1,243,255 1998-4409 2015-4-13 Apr 30, 2017
AR El Dorado / Camden South Arkansas Regional Airport at Goodwin Field Houston-Intercontinental (IAH), Memphis (MEM) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $1,977,153 1997-2935 2013-8-13,
2015-7-12
Oct 31, 2017
AR Harrison Boone County Airport Memphis (MEM), Kansas City (MCI) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $2,251,207 1997-2935 2013-8-13 Oct 31, 2017
AR Hot Springs Memorial Field Airport Houston-Intercontinental (IAH), Memphis (MEM) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $1,637,012 1997-2935 2013-8-13,
2015-7-12
Oct 31, 2017
AR Jonesboro Jonesboro Municipal Airport St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero Inc dba Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $1,942,890 (years 1 & 2)
$1,923,462 (years 3 & 4)
1997-2935 2014-2-17 Feb 28, 2018
CA Crescent City Del Norte County Airport Portland (PDX) PenAir Saab 340/30 $3,506,231 1997-2649 2015-3-14 Sep 30, 2017
CA El Centro Imperial County Airport Burbank (BUR), San Diego (SAN) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $2,264,008 2008-0299 2015-3-11 Apr 30, 2017
CA Merced Merced Regional Airport Las Vegas (LAS), Los Angeles (LAX), Oakland (OAK) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $2,991,546 1998-3521 2015-6-9 Jul 31, 2017
CA Visalia Visalia Municipal Airport Burbank (BUR), Sacramento (SMF) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $1,990,563 2004-19916 2014-12-7 Dec 31, 2016
CO Alamosa San Luis Valley Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,192,179 1997-2960 2014-6-9 Jul 31, 2016
CO Cortez Cortez Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900/19 $2,270,297 1998-3508 2014-6-9 Jul 31, 2016
CO Pueblo Pueblo Memorial Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer 120/30 $1,776,448 1999-6589 2015-6-11 Jul 31, 2017
HI Kalaupapa Kalaupapa Airport Honolulu (HNL), Molokai (MKK) Makani Kai Air Charters Cessna Caravan/9 $730,848 2000-6773 2014-6-12 May 30, 2018
HI Kamuela Waimea-Kohala Airport Kahului (OGG) Mokulele Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $417,310 1997-2833 2013-7-3 Sep 30, 2017
IL Decatur Decatur Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD), St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero dba Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $2,667,922 2006-23929 2012-12-23 Jan 31, 2016
IL Marion / Herrin Williamson County Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $2,626,625 (year 1)
$2,731,690 (year 2)
$2,840,958 (year 3)
$2,954,596 (year 4)
2000-7881 2011-4-12,
2015-10-19
Nov 30, 2019
IL Quincy, IL / Hannibal, MO Quincy Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $2,532,335 (year 1)
$2,633,628 (year 2)
2002-14492 2011-4-12,
2015-10-19
Nov 30, 2017
IA Burlington Southeast Iowa Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD), St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero dba Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $1,917,566 2001-8731 2012-12-23 Jan 31, 2016
IA Fort Dodge Fort Dodge Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero Inc dba Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $3,715,953 2001-10682 2014-10-21 Oct 31, 2016
IA Mason City Mason City Municipal Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) Multi-Aero Inc dba Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $3,715,953 2001-10684 2014-12-15 Oct 31, 2016
IA Sioux City Sioux Gateway Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) American Eagle Embraer ERJ-145/50 $611,334 2011-0131 2014-3-14 Apr 30, 2016
IA Waterloo Waterloo Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) American Eagle Embraer ERJ-145/50 $945,546 2011-0132 2014-3-14 Apr 30, 2016
KS Dodge City Dodge City Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,339,131 1998-3502 2014-3-9 Jul 31, 2016
KS Garden City Garden City Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle Embraer ERJ 145/50 $1,445,172 1998-3503 2014-3-9 Jul 31, 2016
KS Great Bend Great Bend Municipal Airport Kansas City (MCI) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $1,434,472 1998-3496 2014-3-9 Jul 31, 2016
KS Hays Hays Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
CRJ-200/50 $2,253,132 1998-3497 2014-3-9 Jul 31, 2016
KS Liberal, KS / Guymon, OK Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,236,180 1998-3498 2014-3-9 Jul 31, 2016
KS Salina Salina Regional Airport Kansas City (MCI) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $1,490,479 2002-11376 2012-2-4 Mar 31, 2016
KY Owensboro Owensboro–Daviess County Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,529,913 2000-7855 2011-11-5 Dec 31, 2015
KY Paducah Barkley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
CRJ-200/50 $2,170,549 2009-0299 2013-10-8,
2015-11-5
Jan 31, 2018
ME Augusta / Waterville Augusta State Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,818,106 1997-2784 2015-10-4 Oct 31, 2018
ME Bar Harbor Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,631,223 2011-0185 2012-3-2,
2014-6-4
Apr 30, 2016
ME Presque Isle / Houlton Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle Boston (BOS) PenAir Saab 340/34 $4,710,683 2000-8012 2014-6-4 Jun 30, 2016
ME Rockland Knox County Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,890,918 1997-2784 2014-10-4 Oct 31, 2018
MD Hagerstown Hagerstown Regional Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD), Pittsburgh (PIT) Sun Air Express Chieftain/8 $1,785,638 2006-25228 2015-9-13 Mar 31, 2016
MI Alpena Alpena County Regional Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $2,168,995 2009-0300 2014-7-8 Sep 30, 2016
MI Escanaba Delta County Airport Detroit (DTW) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $3,507,011 2003-15128 2014-11-7 Dec 31, 2016
MI Hancock / Houghton Houghton County Memorial Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
CRJ-200/50 $1,633,954 2009-0302 2013-10-8,
2015-11-5
Jan 31, 2018
MI Iron Mountain / Kingsford Ford Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $2,970,122 1999-5175 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
MI Ironwood, MI / Ashland, WI Gogebic–Iron County Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $3,563,394 1996-1266 2014-4-17 Jul 31, 2016
MI Manistee / Ludington Manistee County Blacker Airport Chicago-Midway (MDW) Corporate Flight Management dba Public Charters Jetstream 32/19
Jetstream 41/30
$2,328,104 1996-1711 2014-7-16 Jul 31, 2018
MI Muskegon Muskegon County Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
CRJ-200/50 $2,418,759 2009-0301 2013-10-8,
2015-11-5
Jan 31, 2018
MI Pellston Pellston Regional Airport Detroit (DTW) Endeavor Air dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $1,245,071 2011-0133 2013-10-8,
2015-12-14
Jan 31, 2018
MI Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa County International Airport Detroit (DTW) Endeavor Air dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $1,926,968 2009-0303 2012-4-10,
2015-12-14
Jan 31, 2017
MN Bemidji Bemidji Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $1,244,219 2011-0134 2014-1-4,
2014-12-15
Feb 28, 2018
MN Brainerd Brainerd Lakes Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines CRJ-200/50 $1,671,602 2011-0135 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
MN Chisholm / Hibbing Range Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $2,535,502 2003-15796 2014-3-13 May 31, 2016
MN International Falls Falls International Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $2,197,037 2009-0304 2015-1-5 Jan 31, 2017
MN Thief River Falls Thief River Falls Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,428,750 2001-10642 2014-4-17 May 31, 2016
MS Greenville Mid Delta Regional Airport Nashville (BNA), Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $2,097,960 2008-0209 2015-8-9 Sep 30, 2017
MS Laurel / Hattiesburg Hattiesburg-Laurel Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) ExpressJet dba American Eagle CRJ 200/50 $3,910,654 2001-10685 2014-7-12 Oct 31, 2016
MS Meridian Meridian Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) ExpressJet dba American Eagle CRJ 200/50 $3,910,654 2008-0112 2014-7-12 Oct 31, 2016
MS Tupelo Tupelo Regional Airport Nashville (BNA) Corporate Flight Management Jetstream 31/9
Jetstream 32/9
$4,292,405 2009-0305 2014-8-19,
2015-12-12
Feb 28, 2018
MO Cape Girardeau / Sikeston Cape Girardeau Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $2,063,432 (year 1)
$2,145,969 (year 2)
1996-1559 2011-4-12,
2015-10-19
Nov 30, 2017
MO Ft. Leonard Wood Waynesville-St. Robert Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402/8-9 $2,829,158 1996-1167 2015-1-12 Dec 31, 2018
MO Joplin Joplin Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle ERJ-145/50 $519,201 2006-23932 2015-1-24 Feb 28, 2017
MO Kirksville Kirksville Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Cape Air Cessna 402/9 $1,649,248 1997-2515 2012-7-25 Sep 30, 2016
MT Butte Bert Mooney Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $901,763 2011-0136 2013-12-18,
2015-10-21
Dec 31, 2017
MT Glasgow Glasgow Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402/9 $2,068,066 (year 1)
$2,130,108 (year 2)
$2,194,011 (year 3)
$2,259,831 (year 4)
1997-2605 2013-12-1,
2015-9-20
Dec 31, 2019
MT Glendive Dawson Community Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402/9 $2,010,381 (year 1)
$2,070,693 (year 2)
$2,132,813 (year 3)
$2,196,798 (year 4)
1997-2605 2013-12-1,
2015-9-20
Dec 31, 2019
MT Havre Havre City–County Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402/9 $2,085,175 (year 1)
$2,147,730 (year 2)
$2,212,162 (year 3)
$2,278,526 (year 4)
1997-2605 2013-12-1,
2015-9-20
Dec 31, 2019
MT Sidney Sidney–Richland Municipal Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402/9 $3,887,766 (year 1)
$4,004,399 (year 2)
$4,124,531 (year 3)
$4,248,267 (year 4)
1997-2605 2013-12-1,
2015-9-20
Dec 31, 2019
MT West Yellowstone Yellowstone Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
CRJ-200/50 $535,141 2003-14626 2015-3-11 Sep 30, 2016
MT Wolf Point L. M. Clayton Airport Billings (BIL) Cape Air Cessna 402/9 $2,193,783 (year 1)
$2,259,596 (year 2)
$2,327,384 (year 3)
$2,397,206 (year 4)
1997-2605 2013-12-1,
2015-9-20
Dec 31, 2019
NE Alliance Alliance Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $2,072,150 2000-8322 2015-4-23 May 31, 2017
NE Chadron Chadron Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $2,120,315 2000-8322 2015-4-23 May 31, 2017
NE Grand Island Central Nebraska Regional Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) American Eagle ERJ-145/50 $1,270,707 2002-13983 2015-5-15 Jun 30, 2017
NE Kearney Kearney Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer 120/30 $1,998,178 1996-1715 2015-4-17 Oct 31, 2016
NE McCook McCook Ben Nelson Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,254,017 1997-3005 2014-4-20 May 31, 2016
NE North Platte North Platte Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer 120/30 $1,995,396 1999-5173 2015-4-17 Oct 31, 2016
NE Scottsbluff Western Nebraska Regional Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Embraer 120/30 $1,746,806 2003-14535 2015-4-17 Oct 31, 2016
NH Lebanon, NH / White River Junction, VT Lebanon Municipal Airport Boston (BOS), White Plains (HPN) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $2,972,718 2003-14822 2014-11-6 Nov 30, 2018
NM Carlsbad Cavern City Air Terminal Albuquerque (ABQ), Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $2,410,695 2002-12802 2015-4-12 May 31, 2017
NM Clovis Clovis Municipal Airport Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $3,179,857 1996-1902 2014-9-15 Jul 31, 2016
NM Silver City / Hurley / Deming Grant County Airport Albuquerque (ABQ) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/9 $3,377,495 1996-1903 2014-12-4 Dec 31, 2016
NY Jamestown Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Sun Air Express Chieftain/8
Cessna Caravan/8
$2,045,481 2003-14950 2014-7-11 Sep 30, 2016
NY Massena Massena International Airport Albany (ALB), Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $2,608,773 2012-0163 2015-1-2 Mar 31, 2017
NY Ogdensburg Ogdensburg International Airport Albany (ALB), Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $2,419,820 1997-2842 2015-1-1 Mar 31, 2019
NY Plattsburgh Plattsburgh International Airport Boston (BOS) PenAir Saab 340/33 $2,714,074 2003-14783 2014-6-4 Jun 30, 2016
NY Saranac Lake / Lake Placid Adirondack Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,832,064 2000-8025 2010-3-27,
2014-2-19
Feb 28, 2018
NY Watertown Watertown International Airport Philadelphia (PHL) American Eagle DH8-100/37 or
CRJ-200/50
$1,877,617 or
$2,631,598
1997-2842,
2013-0188
2013-11-1,
2015-11-21
Jan 31, 2018
ND Devils Lake Devils Lake Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines CRJ-200/50 $3,224,917 1997-2785 2014-1-19 Jun 30, 2016
ND Jamestown Jamestown Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines CRJ-200/50 $3,126,564 1997-2785 2014-1-19 Jun 30, 2016
OR Pendleton Eastern Oregon Regional Airport Portland (PDX) SeaPort Airlines Cessna Caravan/9 $1,834,708 2004-19934 2013-1-6 Dec 31, 2016
PA Altoona Altoona–Blair County Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Sun Air Express Chieftain/8
Cessna Caravan/8
$2,346,168 2002-11446 2014-7-11 Sep 30, 2016
PA Bradford Bradford Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Sun Air Express Chieftain/8
Cessna Caravan/8
$2,045,826 2003-14528 2014-10-21 Oct 31, 2016
PA DuBois DuBois Regional Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD) Silver Airways
dba United Express
Saab 340/34 $2,285,539 2004-17617 2014-7-11 Sep 30, 2016
PA Franklin / Oil City Venango Regional Airport Pittsburgh (PIT) Sun Air Express Chieftain/8 $1,442,788 1997-2523 2014-10-21 Oct 31, 2016
PA Johnstown Johnstown–Cambria County Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD) Silver Airways
dba United Express
Saab 340/34 $2,438,254 2002-11451 2014-7-11 Sep 30, 2016
PA Lancaster Lancaster Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD), Pittsburgh (PIT) Sun Air Express Chieftain/8 $2,504,174 2002-11450 2015-9-13 Mar 31, 2016
PR Mayagüez Eugenio María de Hostos Airport San Juan (SJU) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,198,824 2004-19622 2011-3-28 Apr 30, 2016
SD Aberdeen Aberdeen Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
CRJ-200/50 $1,037,667 2011-0137 2014-1-4,
2015-12-15
Feb 28, 2018
SD Huron Huron Regional Airport Denver (DEN), Minneapolis (MSP) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,552,000 2000-7138 2014-7-10 Sep 30, 2016
TN Jackson McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport St. Louis (STL) Multi-Aero Inc dba Air Choice One Cessna Caravan/9 $2,072,293 2000-7857 2015-3-1 May 31, 2017
TX Victoria Victoria Regional Airport Austin (AUS) Dallas (DFW) Texas Sky Public Charters Jetstream 32/19 $2,288,152 2005-20454 2014-9-18,
2015-11-19
Oct 31, 2016
UT Cedar City Cedar City Regional Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines
dba Delta Connection
CRJ-200/50 $2,630,807 2003-16395 2013-11-7,
2015-11-22
Dec 31, 2017
UT Moab Canyonlands Field Denver (DEN), Salt Lake City (SLC) Boutique Air Pilatus PC-12/8 or 9 $3,991,840 1997-2827 2015-3-15
2015-12-17
Feb 28, 2018
UT Vernal Vernal Regional Airport Denver (DEN), Salt Lake City (SLC) Boutique Air King Air 300/350/9 $3,324,848 1997-2706 2015-3-15
2015-12-17
Feb 28, 2018
VT Rutland Rutland – Southern Vermont Regional Airport Boston (BOS) Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $1,360,481 2005-21681 2013-8-3 Oct 31, 2017
VA Staunton Shenandoah Valley Regional Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD) Silver Airways
dba United Express
Saab 340/34 $1,980,922 2002-11378 2014-7-11 Sep 30, 2016
WV Beckley Raleigh County Memorial Airport Charlotte (CLT) Charter Air Transport Embraer 120/30 $2,696,888 1997-2761 2014-10-24 Nov 30, 2016
WV Clarksburg / Fairmont North Central West Virginia Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD) Silver Airways
dba United Express
Saab 340/34 $2,310,252 2005-20736 2014-7-11 Sep 30, 2016
WV Greenbrier /
White Sulphur Springs
(Lewisburg)
Greenbrier Valley Airport Atlanta (ATL), Washington-Dulles (IAD) Silver Airways Saab 340/34 $3,484,710 2003-15553 2012-5-17 Jul 31, 2014
WV Morgantown Morgantown Municipal Airport Washington-Dulles (IAD) Silver Airways
dba United Express
Saab 340B Plus/34 $1,728,125 2005-20735 2012-4-32 Jul 31, 2014
WV Parkersburg, WV / Marietta, OH Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Airport Cleveland (CLE) Silver Airways
dba United Express
Beechcraft 1900D/19 $2,587,029 2005-20734 2012-9-23 Sep 30, 2014
WI Eau Claire Chippewa Valley Regional Airport Chicago-O'Hare (ORD) SkyWest Airlines
dba United Express
CRJ-200/50 $1,733,576 2009-0306 2012-1-24,
2012-2-2
Dec 31, 2013
WI Rhinelander Rhinelander–Oneida County Airport Minneapolis (MSP) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $1,519,619 2011-0109 2012-9-11 Jan 31, 2015
WY Cody Yellowstone Regional Airport Salt Lake City (SLC) SkyWest Airlines dba Delta Connection CRJ-200/50 $627,696 2011-0121 2013-4-18 May 31, 2015
WY Laramie Laramie Regional Airport Denver (DEN) SkyWest Airlines dba United Express Embraer EMB 120/30 $1,635,346 1997-2958 2012-8-8 Sep 30, 2014
WY Worland Worland Municipal Airport Denver (DEN) Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900D/19 $1,987,148 1997-2981 2012-8-8 Sep 30, 2014
Current Total: $219,879,243

Alaska[edit]

Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expires
Adak Adak Airport Anchorage (ANC) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $2,057,114 2000-8556 2013-7-14 Sep 30, 2015
Akutan Akutan Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Piper Navajo/9 $579,220 2000-7068 2012-11-15 Sep 30, 2014
Alitak / Lazy Bay Alitak Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Amook Bay Amook Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Angoon Angoon Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $145,734 2006-25542 2010-12-7,
2011-3-18
Jan 31, 2015
Atka Atka Airport Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200/9 $822,445 1995-363 2012-5-20 Sep 30, 2014
Central Central Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo/8 $137,799 1998-3621 2011-9-11 Nov 30, 2013
Chatham Chatham Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Ward Air Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206,
de Havilland Beaver
$11,472 1997-3134 2012-9-2 Sep 30, 2014
Chisana Chisana Airport Tok (TOK) 40-Mile Air Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206 or 207/4
$81,040 1998-4574 2012-6-18 May 31, 2014
Circle Circle City Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo/8 $137,799 1998-3621 2011-9-11 Nov 30, 2013
Cordova Merle K. (Mudhole) Smith Airport Anchorage (ANC), Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $2,145,356 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Diomede Diomede Heliport Nome (OME), Wales (WAA) Evergreen Helicopters BO-105/4 $188,760 2009-0260 2013-6-11 Jun 30, 2014
Elfin Cove Elfin Cove Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $75,391 2002-11586 2011-3-11,
2011-3-19
Jan 31, 2015
Excursion Inlet Excursion Inlet Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Air Excursions PA-32 Cherokee 6/5,
Cessna 206
$28,835 2002-12014 2012-9-8 Sep 30, 2014
Funter Bay Funter Bay Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Ward Air Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206,
de Havilland Beaver
$13,416 1997-3134 2012-9-2 Sep 30, 2014
Gulkana Gulkana Airport Anchorage (ANC) Copper Valley Air Service Piper PA-31 Navajo/6 $269,189 1995-492 2010-12-8 Jan 31, 2015
Gustavus Gustavus Airport Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $536,339 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Healy Lake Healy Lake Airport Fairbanks (FAI) 40-Mile Air Cessna 206 or 207/5 $104,703 1998-3546 2012-6-18 May 31, 2014
Hydaburg Hydaburg Seaplane Base Ketchikan (KTN) Taquan Air de Havilland Beaver/6 $151,773 1999-6245 2011-7-12 Oct 31, 2015
Kake Kake Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Air Excursions PA-31 Navajo/9 $177,574 2008-0217 2012-9-8 Sep 30, 2014
Kitoi Bay Kitoi Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Lake Minchumina Minchumina Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Wright Air Service Cessna 206/4,
Cessna 208/9
$102,300 2008-0237 2012-10-14 Oct 31, 2014
Manley Hot Springs Manley Hot Springs Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures PA-31-350 Navajo/9,
Cessna 206
$45,534 2004-17563 2012-8-10 Aug 31, 2014
May Creek May Creek Airport Gulkana (GKN) Copper Valley Air Service Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206/4
$103,099 1995-492 2012-11-34 Jan 31, 2015
McCarthy McCarthy Airport Gulkana (GKN) Copper Valley Air Service Cessna 185/3,
Cessna 206/4
$103,099 1995-492 2012-11-34 Jan 31, 2015
Minto Minto Al Wright Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures PA-31-350 Navajo/9,
Cessna 206
$45,534 2004-17563 2012-8-10 Aug 31, 2014
Moser Bay Moser Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Nikolski Nikolski Air Station Dutch Harbor (DUT) Grant Aviation Beechcraft King Air 200/9 $331,431
$324,998
1995-363 2012-5-20 Sep 30, 2014
Olga Bay Olga Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Pelican Pelican Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $185,721 2002-11586 2011-3-11 Jan 31, 2015
Petersburg Petersburg James A. Johnson Airport Juneau (JNU), Ketchikan (KTN) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $1,738,290 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Port Alexander Port Alexander Seaplane Base Sitka (SIT) Harris Aircraft Services Cessna 185/3 $75,293 1999-6244 2012-2-15 Feb 28, 2014
Port Bailey Port Bailey Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Port William Port Williams Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Rampart Rampart Airport Fairbanks (FAI) Warbelow's Air Ventures Piper Navajo/9 $76,416 2008-0201 2012-10-14 Oct 31, 2014
San Juan / Uganik San Juan (Uganik) Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Seal Bay Seal Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Tatitlek Tatitlek Airport Anchorage (ANC) Alaska Air Transit Cessna 208B/9 $105,639 2013-0030 2013-8-1 Sep 30, 2017
Tenakee Tenakee Seaplane Base Juneau (JNU) Alaska Seaplane Service de Havilland Beaver/6 $135,576 2006-25542 2010-12-7,
2011-3-18
Jan 31, 2015
West Point West Point Village Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Wrangell Wrangell Airport Juneau (JNU), Ketchikan (KTN) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $1,738,290 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Yakutat Yakutat Airport Anchorage (ANC), Juneau (JNU) Alaska Airlines Boeing 737/72 $2,145,356 1998-4899 2013-2-10 Apr 30, 2015
Zachar Bay Zachar Bay Seaplane Base Kodiak (ADQ) Island Air Service DHC-2 Beaver/6 $11,333 2000-6945 2013-9-12 Oct 31, 2015
Current Total: $14,701,208

Airports formerly having EAS subsidized routes[edit]

The following tables list airports which formerly had Essential Air Service subsidized routes.

Former EAS excluding Alaska[edit]

State Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft/Seats Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expired
GA Macon Middle Georgia Regional Airport Atlanta, Orlando
TBD
Silver Airways
TBD (Re-soliciting proposals)
Saab 340/34
TBD
$1,998,696
TBD
2007-28671 2013-2-26
TBD
Nov 5, 2014
TBD
KS Manhattan Manhattan Regional Airport Kansas City Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900/19 $1,198,342 2003-15483 2008-2-5 Mar 31, 2010
MO Columbia / Jefferson City Columbia Regional Airport Memphis Mesaba Airlines
dba Delta Connection
Saab 340/34 $2,186,590 2006-23931 2008-5-2 Aug 31, 2010
MT Lewistown Lewistown Municipal Airport Denver Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900/19 $1,036,616 1997-2605 2007-12-22,
2008-7-9
Feb 28, 2011
MT Miles City Miles City Airport Denver Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900/19 $1,056,152 1997-2605 2007-12-22,
2008-7-9
Feb 28, 2011
NV Ely Ely Airport Denver or Las Vegas Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900/19 $1,752,067 1995-361 2010-9-13 Sep 30, 2012
NM Alamogordo / Holloman AFB Alamogordo–White Sands Regional Airport Albuquerque Pacific Wings dba New Mexico Airlines Cessna 208B/9 $1,169,337 1996-1901 2009-11-14 Dec 31, 2011
NM Hobbs Lea County Regional Airport Albuquerque New Mexico Airlines Cessna 208B/9 $303,554
0
2002-12800 2007-3-22
Unsubsidized
May 31, 2009
NA
ND Dickinson Dickinson Theodore Roosevelt Regional Airport Denver Great Lakes Airlines Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia/30 $2,019,027 1995-697 2010-11-16 Jan 31, 2013
PA Williamsport Williamsport Regional Airport Philadelphia
TBD
Piedmont Airlines dba US Airways Express
TBD (Re-soliciting proposals)
Bombardier Dash 8/37
TBD
0
TBD
2008-0200 2008-7-14,
2008-10-7
TBD
Nov 24, 2008
TBD
PR Ponce Mercedita Airport San Juan Cape Air Cessna 402C/9 $740,416 1999-6592 2009-3-1 Apr 30, 2011
SD Brookings Brookings Regional Airport Minneapolis Great Lakes Airlines Beechcraft 1900/19 $1,887,110 1997-2785 2008-12-30 Sep 30, 2009
SD Watertown Watertown Regional Airport Minneapolis (MSP)
TBD
Great Lakes Airlines
TBD (Re-soliciting proposals)
Beechcraft 1900D/9
TBD
$2,847,284
TBD
2001-10644 2014-4-17
TBD
Sep 30, 2015
TBD

Former EAS in Alaska[edit]

Community Airport Service to Hub(s) Carrier Aircraft Annual
Subsidy
Docket Order Expired
Akhiok Akhiok Airport Kodiak Servant Air Piper PA-32R-300 $51,709
0
2007-0020 2008-2-10
2010-2-15
March 31, 2010
N/A
Cape Yakataga Yakataga Airport Yakutat Alsek Air Service Cessna 206 $45,500 1996-2009 2010-9-21 Oct 31, 2012
Icy Bay Icy Bay Airport Yakutat Alsek Air Service Cessna 206 $45,500 1996-2009 2010-9-21 Oct 31, 2012
Karluk Karluk Airport Kodiak Island Air Service Piper PA-32 $44,349 2004-19342 2010-6-13 Mar 31, 2012

See also[edit]

External links: Essential Air Services airports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Essential Air Service". U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). Retrieved 1 Oct 2014. 
  2. ^ "US Non-Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. November 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. November 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ Ybarra, Shirley (13 Sep 2011). "Comparison of the Essential Air Service Program to Alternative Coach Bus Service Keeping small communities connected cost-effectively". http://www.reason.org/. The Reason Foundation.  External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ Associated Press (19 Jun 2012). "House panel boosts rural air service subsidies". http://www.foxnews.com.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ Subsidized EAS report for communities in Alaska-June 2014 (PDF) (Report). Department of Transportation. 
  7. ^ Subsidized EAS report for communities in Alaska-June 2014 (PDF) (Report). Department of Transportation. 
  8. ^ "Federal Subsidies Keep Small-Town Airports Flying". NPR. November 18, 2009. 
  9. ^ Bailey, Jeff (October 6, 2006). "Subsidies Keep Airlines Flying to Small Towns". The New York Times. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  10. ^ "Comparison of Essential Air Service Program to Alternative Coach Bus Service" (PDF). American Bus Association. September 2011. 
  11. ^ "EAS Program a Complete Taxpayer Waste", Eli Lehrer, Heartlander Magazine. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  12. ^ "Federal Subsidies Keep Small-Town Airports Flying". NPR. November 18, 2009. 
  13. ^ Lancaster Airport to Harrisburg International Airport
  14. ^ Visalia Municipal Airport to Fresno Yosemite International Airport, Google Maps.
  15. ^ Pueblo Memorial Airport to Colorado Springs Airport, Google Maps.
  16. ^ Muskegon County Airport to Gerald R. Ford International Airport
  17. ^ Owensboro-Daviess County Regional Airport to Evansville Regional Airport, Google Maps.
  18. ^ Decatur Airport to University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Willard Airport, Google Maps.
  19. ^ Decatur Airport to Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport, Google Maps
  20. ^ "Keystone Service Schedule Effective December 14, 2015" (PDF). Amtrak. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  21. ^ "Ten places to cut waste as Congress considers a budget", Romina Boccia, January 15, 2014, also published in the Washington Times.
  22. ^ Kotler, Fred B. Passenger Air Service in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula: Overview and Analysis, UPWard Initiative, November 2012, Retrieved 2015-04-01
  23. ^ "Essential Air Service Reports". U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  24. ^ "US Non-Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. October 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  25. ^ "US Alaskan Subsidized EAS Report". U.S. Department of Transportation. October 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 

External links[edit]