Essential factors model

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The Essential Factors model [1][2][3] is an incident investigation model based on determining the essential and contributory factors that lead to an incident.

Every incident has essential factors associated with people, equipment and environment giving the 100% paradigm:[citation needed]

100% / 100% / 100% paradigm

  • 100% of incidents include “people” factors
  • 100% of incidents include “equipment” factors
  • 100% of incidents include “environment” factors

It is the purpose of the Essential Factors model to attempt to use value-neutral language[4] to give maximum “meaning” and minimum “affect”. This will not always be the case but it is suggested that the use of the word “cause” and “human error” by an accident investigator during data collection and interview phases, will have a potentially greater negative response than the use of alternative words.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Essential Safety | InterSafe - International safety, ergonomics and forensic engineering". Intersafe.com.au. Retrieved 2008-11-06.
  2. ^ Geoff McDonald & Associates Pty Ltd, HAZARD EVALUATION USING ESSENTIAL FACTORS METHODOLOGY, May 1991
  3. ^ Vidmark Productions Limited, THE ESSENTIAL FACTORS OF ACCIDENTS
  4. ^ Ergonomics Society of Aust. ed (1994) ERGO WEEK 1994, INVESTIGATION FOR PREVENTION, UNDERSTANDING CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS: MYTHS VS REALITY, PH&Assoc, Qld.