|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|• Total||1.23 km2 (0.47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||480 m (1,570 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Champvent, Montagny-près-Yverdon, Valeyres-sous-Montagny, Villars-sous-Champvent, Vuiteboeuf|
Profile (French), SFSO statistics
Essert-sous-Champvent is a former municipality in the district of Jura-Nord Vaudois of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. The municipalities of Essert-sous-Champvent and Villars-sous-Champvent merged on 1 January 2012 into the municipality of Champvent.
Essert-sous-Champvent is first mentioned in 1095 as Exertas.
Essert-sous-Champvent had an area, as of 2009[update], of 1.2 square kilometers (0.46 sq mi). Of this area, 0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi) or 70.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.24 km2 (0.093 sq mi) or 19.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.14 km2 (35 acres) or 11.6% is settled (buildings or roads).
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 7.4%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 51.2% is used for growing crops and 9.1% is pastures, while 9.9% is used for orchards or vine crops.
The former municipality is located in a small valley between Chamblon hill and the foothills of the Jura Mountains. The Brinaz river flows through the municipality.
Coat of arms
Essert-sous-Champvent has a population (as of 2010[update]) of 151. As of 2008[update], 24.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 36%. It has changed at a rate of 18.9% due to migration and at a rate of 17.1% due to births and deaths.
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks French (94 or 71.2%) as their first language, with Portuguese being second most common (28 or 21.2%) and Italian being third (6 or 4.5%). There are 2 people who speak German.
The age distribution, as of 2009[update], in Essert-sous-Champvent is; 19 children or 12.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 19 teenagers or 12.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 20 people or 13.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 24 people or 15.9% are between 30 and 39, 28 people or 18.5% are between 40 and 49, and 16 people or 10.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 5 people or 3.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 13 people or 8.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 7 people or 4.6% who are between 80 and 89.
As of 2000[update] the average number of residents per living room was 0.63 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.61 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m² (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics. About 40.4% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).
As of 2000[update], there were 47 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 10 households that consist of only one person and 1 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 48 households that answered this question, 20.8% were households made up of just one person. Of the rest of the households, there are 19 married couples without children, 16 married couples with children There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 1 household that was made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.
In 2000[update] there were 9 single family homes (or 33.3% of the total) out of a total of 27 inhabited buildings. There were 5 multi-family buildings (18.5%), along with 11 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (40.7%) and 2 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (7.4%).
In 2000[update], a total of 47 apartments (78.3% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 13 apartments (21.7%) were seasonally occupied. As of 2009[update], the construction rate of new housing units was 6.6 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010[update], was 0%.
In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 33.93% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (22.22%), the SP (16.67%) and the PdA Party (12.3%). In the federal election, a total of 31 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 39.2%.
As of 2010[update], Essert-sous-Champvent had an unemployment rate of 3.7%. As of 2008[update], there were 17 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 149 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 2 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 2 businesses in this sector. There were 77 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 35.1% of the workforce.
In 2008[update] the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 159. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 15, of which 14 were in agriculture and 1 was in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 143 of which 136 or (95.1%) were in manufacturing and 7 (4.9%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 1. In the tertiary sector; 1 was in the sale or repair of motor vehicles, .
In 2000[update], there were 77 workers who commuted into the municipality and 26 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 3.0 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. About 13.0% of the workforce coming into Essert-sous-Champvent are coming from outside Switzerland. Of the working population, 5.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 40.3% used a private car.
From the 2000 census[update], 54 or 40.9% were Roman Catholic, while 61 or 46.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 4 individuals (or about 3.03% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There was 1 individual who was Islamic. 12 (or about 9.09% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 2 individuals (or about 1.52% of the population) did not answer the question.
In Essert-sous-Champvent about 36 or (27.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 9 or (6.8%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 9 who completed tertiary schooling, 66.7% were Swiss men, 33.3% were Swiss women.
In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 15 students in the Essert-sous-Champvent school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts. During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 578 children of which 359 children (62.1%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 7 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 8 students in those schools.
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