Essert-sous-Champvent

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Essert-sous-Champvent
Former municipality of Switzerland
2014-05-20-Yverdon (Foto Dietrich Michael Weidmann) 081.JPG
Coat of arms of Essert-sous-Champvent
Coat of arms
Essert-sous-Champvent is located in Switzerland
Essert-sous-Champvent
Essert-sous-Champvent
Essert-sous-Champvent is located in Canton of Vaud
Essert-sous-Champvent
Essert-sous-Champvent
Coordinates: 46°48′N 6°35′E / 46.800°N 6.583°E / 46.800; 6.583Coordinates: 46°48′N 6°35′E / 46.800°N 6.583°E / 46.800; 6.583
Country Switzerland
Canton Vaud
District Jura-Nord Vaudois
Area
 • Total 1.23 km2 (0.47 sq mi)
Elevation 480 m (1,570 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 151
 • Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Postal code 1443
SFOS number 5916
Surrounded by Champvent, Montagny-près-Yverdon, Valeyres-sous-Montagny, Villars-sous-Champvent, Vuiteboeuf
Website
Profile (French), SFSO statistics

Essert-sous-Champvent is a former municipality in the district of Jura-Nord Vaudois of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. The municipalities of Essert-sous-Champvent and Villars-sous-Champvent merged on 1 January 2012 into the municipality of Champvent.[1]

History[edit]

Essert-sous-Champvent is first mentioned in 1095 as Exertas.[2]

Geography[edit]

Essert-sous-Champvent had an area, as of 2009, of 1.2 square kilometers (0.46 sq mi). Of this area, 0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi) or 70.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.24 km2 (0.093 sq mi) or 19.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.14 km2 (35 acres) or 11.6% is settled (buildings or roads).[3]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 7.4%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 51.2% is used for growing crops and 9.1% is pastures, while 9.9% is used for orchards or vine crops.[3]

The former municipality was part of the Yverdon District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and Essert-sous-Champvent became part of the new district of Jura-Nord Vaudois.[4]

The former municipality is located in a small valley between Chamblon hill and the foothills of the Jura Mountains. The Brinaz river flows through the municipality.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Paly of six Argent and Azure, two Stumps eradicated crossed in saltire Gules.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Essert-sous-Champvent has a population (as of 2010) of 151. As of 2008, 24.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 36%. It has changed at a rate of 18.9% due to migration and at a rate of 17.1% due to births and deaths.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (94 or 71.2%) as their first language, with Portuguese being second most common (28 or 21.2%) and Italian being third (6 or 4.5%). There are 2 people who speak German.[8]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Essert-sous-Champvent is; 19 children or 12.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 19 teenagers or 12.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 20 people or 13.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 24 people or 15.9% are between 30 and 39, 28 people or 18.5% are between 40 and 49, and 16 people or 10.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 5 people or 3.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 13 people or 8.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 7 people or 4.6% who are between 80 and 89.[9]

As of 2000, there were 48 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 71 married individuals, 4 widows or widowers and 9 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.63 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.61 per room.[7] In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m² (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[10] About 40.4% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[11]

As of 2000, there were 47 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.5 persons per household.[7] There were 10 households that consist of only one person and 1 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 48 households that answered this question, 20.8% were households made up of just one person. Of the rest of the households, there are 19 married couples without children, 16 married couples with children There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 1 household that was made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[8]

In 2000 there were 9 single family homes (or 33.3% of the total) out of a total of 27 inhabited buildings. There were 5 multi-family buildings (18.5%), along with 11 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (40.7%) and 2 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (7.4%).[12]

In 2000, a total of 47 apartments (78.3% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 13 apartments (21.7%) were seasonally occupied.[12] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 6.6 new units per 1000 residents.[7] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[2][13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 33.93% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (22.22%), the SP (16.67%) and the PdA Party (12.3%). In the federal election, a total of 31 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 39.2%.[14]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Essert-sous-Champvent had an unemployment rate of 3.7%. As of 2008, there were 17 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 149 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 2 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 2 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 77 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 35.1% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 159. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 15, of which 14 were in agriculture and 1 was in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 143 of which 136 or (95.1%) were in manufacturing and 7 (4.9%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 1. In the tertiary sector; 1 was in the sale or repair of motor vehicles, .[15]

In 2000, there were 77 workers who commuted into the municipality and 26 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 3.0 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. About 13.0% of the workforce coming into Essert-sous-Champvent are coming from outside Switzerland.[16] Of the working population, 5.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 40.3% used a private car.[7]

Transport[edit]

The meter gauge electric Yverdon–Ste-Croix railway line links Essert-sous-Champvent with Yverdon-les-Bains and Sainte Croix.

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 54 or 40.9% were Roman Catholic, while 61 or 46.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 4 individuals (or about 3.03% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There was 1 individual who was Islamic. 12 (or about 9.09% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 2 individuals (or about 1.52% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Essert-sous-Champvent about 36 or (27.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 9 or (6.8%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 9 who completed tertiary schooling, 66.7% were Swiss men, 33.3% were Swiss women.[8]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 15 students in the Essert-sous-Champvent school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[17] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 578 children of which 359 children (62.1%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 7 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 8 students in those schools.[18]

As of 2000, there were 19 students from Essert-sous-Champvent who attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 21 December 2011
  2. ^ a b Essert-sous-Champvent in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 4 April 2011
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 22-August-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived June 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived November 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 22-August-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived April 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office (French) accessed 29 April 2011
  10. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (pdf). 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  11. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  12. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived September 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived May 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived December 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb[permanent dead link] (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ Organigramme de l'école vaudoise, année scolaire 2009-2010 (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  18. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition (French) accessed 2 May 2011