Essex Street, London
Essex Street is a street in the City of Westminster that runs from Milford Lane in the south to Strand in the north. It is joined by Little Essex Street on its western side and Devereux Court on the eastern side. It was laid out by Nicholas Barbon in around 1675 or 1680 and contains a number of listed buildings.
Essex Street was laid out by Nicholas Barbon around 1675 or 1680 on the grounds of the former Essex House which itself stood on the site of the Outer Temple, once owned by the Knights Templar. The highwayman Tom Cox, hanged at Tyburn in 1691, was captured in nearby St Clement Danes churchyard after one of his victims spotted him coming out of his lodgings in Essex Street.
In the first half of the twentieth century, the street was known for its publisher's offices such as Chapman & Hall and Methuen (No. 36). Macmillan were at 4 Little Essex Street until 1990. The Roman Catholic journal Merry England, edited by Wilfrid Meynell, was published from 43 Essex Street.
Essex Hall, an office building at numbers 1 to 6, is the headquarters of the British Unitarians Prior to the Blitz, a chapel and meeting rooms stood on the site, continuing the link with the first avowedly Unitarian place of worship in London, dating back to 1774, when Theophilus Lindsey founded the Essex Street Chapel.
There are a number of listed buildings in the street. Numbers 11, 14, 19, 34 and 35 are all grade II listed, while 32 is grade II* listed. California House is grade II and the "triumphal" style gateway at the southern end of the street (c.1676), which once screened it from Essex Wharf and its neighbouring wharfs beyond, is grade II. The gateway was damaged by bombing during the Second World War and after repairs it was incorporated into a 1953 office building that now encloses the southern end of the street, apart from pedestrian access by steps to the southern part of Milford Lane.
Little Essex Street
The Cheshire Cheese public house at 5 Little Essex Street stands on a site where there has been a tavern since the 16th century. It is a Grade II listed building, rebuilt in 1928 by the architect Nowell Parr on the site of an earlier pub, for the Style & Winch Brewery.
Notable former residents
- Henry Fielding, novelist and author of Tom Jones.
- Brass Crosby, radical lawyer, member of Parliament and Lord Mayor of London.
- James Savage, architect, had his offices in the street.
Map by Wenceslaus Hollar (c. 1677) showing Essex House and grounds before Essex Street was laid out
London County Council plaque on Essex Hall at 7 Essex Street
Nr. 20 Essex Street doubled as Bertram's Hotel in the 1987 Miss Marple episode "At Bertram's Hotel"
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- Smith, Captain Alexander & Arthur L. Hayward (Ed.) (2002). A Complete History of the Lives and Robberies of the Most Notorious Highwaymen, Footpads, Shoplifts and Cheats of Both Sexes: Previously Published 1719 and 1926 (Reprint ed.). Abingdon: Routledge. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-136-48416-2.
- Williams, George G. Assisted by Marian and Geoffrey Williams. (1973) Guide to literary London. London: Batsford. p. 87. ISBN 0713401419
- "Contact us". Unitarians.org.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- Walford, Edward. (1878) Old and New London: A narrative of its history, its people, and its places. London: Cassell Petter & Galpin. British History Online. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- James Sambrook, "Essex Head Club (act. 1783–1794)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004-2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. (subscription required)
- Historic England. "Essex Watergate Closing South End of Street (1066823)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- Historic England. "Cheshire Cheese Public House (1431970)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2016.