Essex Wildlife Trust

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The Essex Wildlife Trust is a wildlife trust which started in 1959 covering the county of Essex and part of Greater London (Havering), England. Its headquarters is at Abbotts Hall Farm, Colchester. They have 32,000 members and a total of 314,000 people visiting there visitor centres.[1] Their chairman is Mike Sandison and their chief executive is John Hall.[2]

Nature reserves[edit]

Key[edit]

Site Photograph Area[a] Location[a] Access[a] Classifications Description
Abberton Reservoir[3] Abberton Reservoir 24.2 hectares (60 acres) Colchester
51°49′25″N 0°50′44″E / 51.8235°N 0.8456°E / 51.8235; 0.8456 (Abberton Reservoir)
TL 962 177
YES
Abbotts Hall Farm[4] Abbotts Hall Farm 282.0 hectares (697 acres) Colchester
51°47′44″N 0°50′43″E / 51.7956°N 0.8452°E / 51.7956; 0.8452 (Abbotts Hall Farm)
TL 963 146
YES Ramsar,[4] SSSI,[4] SPA,[4] SAC[4]
Aubrey Buxton[5] Aubrey Buxton 9.7 hectares (24 acres) Elsenham
51°54′55″N 0°12′36″E / 51.9154°N 0.2101°E / 51.9154; 0.2101 (Aubrey Buxton)
TL 521 264
YES
Bedfords Park[6][b] Bedfords Park Deer 87.0 hectares (215 acres) Havering-atte-Bower
51°36′29″N 0°11′37″E / 51.6081°N 0.1937°E / 51.6081; 0.1937 (Bedfords Park)
TQ 520 922
YES LNR[7]
Belfairs Woodland Centre[8] Prittle Brook in Belfairs Wood 36.8 hectares (91 acres)[9] Leigh-on-Sea
51°33′21″N 0°38′23″E / 51.5558°N 0.63981°E / 51.5558; 0.63981 (Belfairs Woodland Centre)
TQ 831 874
YES LNR,[10] SSSI[9]
Blue House Farm[11] Blue House Farm 242.8 hectares (600 acres) North Fambridge
51°38′32″N 0°40′52″E / 51.6421°N 0.681°E / 51.6421; 0.681 (Blue House Farm)
TQ 856 971
FP SSSI[12] This site has been grassland for the last 100 years, and it is grazed by cows and sheep. The site has ponds, creeks and ditches, and a 20 hectare field is flooded during the winter, providing feeding grounds for large numbers of wildfowl and wading birds, including around 2000 Brent geese.[11]
Bradwell Shell Bank[13] Bradwell Shell Bank 12.1 hectares (30 acres) Bradwell-on-Sea
51°44′05″N 0°56′45″E / 51.7347°N 0.9457°E / 51.7347; 0.9457 (Bradwell Shell Bank)
TM 035 081
PP SSSI,[13] SPA,[13] SAC[13]
Brookes Nature Reserve[14] Brookes Nature Reserve 24.3 hectares (60 acres) Halstead
51°54′37″N 0°37′38″E / 51.9104°N 0.6271°E / 51.9104; 0.6271 (Brookes Nature Reserve)
TL 808 268
YES SSSI[14] The site is coppice woodland on chalky boulder clay. There is a variety of woodlands types, such as wet ash and maple, pedunculate Oak and hornbeam, and acid birch, ash and lime. The ground flora includes species which are locally uncommon, including greater butterfly-orchid and bird's-nest orchid.[15] There is also a variety of butterflies, and ponds which have frogs and newts.[14]
Chafford Gorges[16] Chafford Gorges 80.9 hectares (200 acres) Grays
51°29′24″N 0°17′10″E / 51.490°N 0.286°E / 51.490; 0.286 (Chafford Gorges)
TQ 588 793
YES SSSI[16][17]
Chigborough Lakes[18] Chigborough Lakes 18.6 hectares (46 acres) Maldon
51°44′43″N 0°43′02″E / 51.7454°N 0.7171°E / 51.7454; 0.7171 (Chigborough Lakes)
TL 876 086
YES
Cockaynes Wood[19] 20.2 hectares (50 acres) Wivenhoe
51°51′23″N 0°58′52″E / 51.8563°N 0.9812°E / 51.8563; 0.9812 (Cockaynes Wood)
TM 054 217
YES
Colne Point[20] Colne Point 276.4 hectares (683 acres) St Osyth
51°46′17″N 1°03′14″E / 51.7715°N 1.0539°E / 51.7715; 1.0539 (Colne Point)
TM 108 125
YES NCR,[21] NNR,[21] Ramsar,[22] SSSI[21]
Copperas Wood[23] Copperas Wood 13.8 hectares (34 acres) Harwich
51°56′20″N 1°12′00″E / 51.9389°N 1.2001°E / 51.9389; 1.2001 (Copperas Wood)
TM 200 315
YES
Cranham Marsh[24] Cranham Marsh 13.0 hectares (32 acres) Cranham
51°32′51″N 0°15′31″E / 51.5475°N 0.2585°E / 51.5475; 0.2585 (Cranham Marsh)
TQ 567 856
YES LNR,[25] SINCM[26]
Crowsheath Wood[27] Crowsheath Wood 8.1 hectares (20 acres) Downham
51°38′27″N 0°29′40″E / 51.6407°N 0.4945°E / 51.6407; 0.4945 (Crowsheath Wood)
TQ 727 964
YES The wood has many mature oak trees, with coppiced areas mainly of hornbeam, together with other trees such as ash and field maple. There are ponds in the centre of the site where lesser spearwort grows. Flowers include bluebell and wood anemone, and there are birds typical of broadleaved woodland.[27]
Danbury Ridge[28] Danbury Ridge 101.2 hectares (250 acres) Danbury
51°43′43″N 0°35′26″E / 51.7287°N 0.5905°E / 51.7287; 0.5905 (Danbury Ridge)
TL 790 065
YES
Fingringhoe Wick[29] Fingringhoe Wick 48.6 hectares (120 acres) Fingringhoe
51°50′05″N 0°58′16″E / 51.8347°N 0.97111°E / 51.8347; 0.97111 (Fingringhoe Wick)
TM 048 193
YES NCR,[21] Ramsar,[22] SSSI[21]
Fobbing Marsh[30] Fobbing Marsh 75.7 hectares (187 acres) Fobbing
51°32′03″N 0°29′42″E / 51.5341°N 0.4950°E / 51.5341; 0.4950 (Fobbing Marsh)
TQ 731 846
YES
Gernon Bushes[31] Gernon Bushes 32.0 hectares (79 acres) Epping
51°42′23″N 0°08′15″E / 51.7063°N 0.1376°E / 51.7063; 0.1376 (Gernon Bushes)
TL 478 030
YES SSSI,[32] NCR[32]
Great Holland Pits[33] Great Holland Pits 16.2 hectares (40 acres) Great Holland
51°49′34″N 1°11′49″E / 51.8261°N 1.1970°E / 51.8261; 1.1970 (Great Holland Pits)
TM 204 190
YES
Gunners Park and Shoebury Ranges[34] Shoebury Ranges 25.0 hectares (62 acres) Shoeburyness
51°31′23″N 0°47′05″E / 51.5231°N 0.7848°E / 51.5231; 0.7848 (Gunners Park and Shoebury Ranges)
TQ 932 841
PP SSSI[35]LNR[36]
Hanningfield Reservoir[37] Hanningfield Reservoir 400 hectares (990 acres) Chelmsford
51°38′46″N 0°29′30″E / 51.646°N 0.4918°E / 51.646; 0.4918 (Hanningfield Reservoir)
TQ 725 971
YES SSSI[37]
Horndon Meadow[38] Horndon Meadow 0.8 hectares (2.0 acres) Stanford-le-Hope
51°32′24″N 0°24′35″E / 51.5400°N 0.40959°E / 51.5400; 0.40959 (Horndon Meadow)
TQ 672 851
YES
Howlands Marsh[39] Howlands Marsh 29.9 hectares (74 acres) St Osyth
51°48′39″N 1°04′00″E / 51.8107°N 1.06674°E / 51.8107; 1.06674 (Howlands Marsh)
TM 115 169
YES NCR,[21] Ramsar,[22] SPA[39] SSSI[21]
Hunsdon Mead[40][c] Hunsdon Mead 27.5 hectares (68 acres) Harlow
51°47′00″N 0°03′31″E / 51.7832°N 0.05861°E / 51.7832; 0.05861 (Hunsdon Mead)
TL 421 114
YES SSSI[41]
Ingrebourne Valley[42] Ingrebourne Valley 261 hectares (640 acres) Hornchurch
51°31′47″N 0°12′26″E / 51.5296°N 0.20718°E / 51.5296; 0.20718 (Ingrebourne Valley)
TQ 532 835
YES LNR,[42] SSSI[42]
Iron Latch[43] Iron Latch 4.3 hectares (11 acres) Eight Ash Green
51°53′51″N 0°49′58″E / 51.8975°N 0.83279°E / 51.8975; 0.83279 (Iron Latch)
TL 950 259
YES The site consists of areas of species-rich grassland and ash woodland. Bird's foot trefoil provides food for common blue butterflies, and other butterlies include purple hairstreaks. Nightingales nest in the trees and hedges.[43]
John Weston Nature Reserve[44] John Weston 3.6 hectares (8.9 acres) Walton-on-the-Naze
51°52′23″N 1°17′25″E / 51.8730°N 1.29034°E / 51.8730; 1.29034 (John Weston Nature Reserve)
TM 266 245
YES
Langdon Nature Reserve[45] Langdon Nature Reserve 210.0 hectares (519 acres) Basildon
51°33′44″N 0°23′39″E / 51.5623°N 0.39424°E / 51.5623; 0.39424 (Langdon Nature Reserve)
TQ 660 875
YES
Lexden Gathering Grounds[46] Lexden Gathering Grounds 8.9 hectares (22 acres) Colchester
51°53′34″N 0°51′20″E / 51.8929°N 0.85555°E / 51.8929; 0.85555 (Lexden Gathering Grounds)
TL 965 254
YES The site is mainly woodland with some marsh, meadow and open rides. One area has semi-natural birch and ash woods, and the marsh has moschatel and mature hazel and alder coppice. There are badgers and foxes, and butterflies including common browns and small coppers.[46]
Lion Creek and Lower Raypits[47] Lion Creek 65.2 hectares (161 acres) Canewdon
51°37′09″N 0°46′35″E / 51.6192°N 0.7764°E / 51.6192; 0.7764 (Lion Creek and Lower Raypits)
TQ 923 948
YES
Little Haven[48] Little Haven 37.2 hectares (92 acres) Thundersley
51°34′15″N 0°36′27″E / 51.5709°N 0.60749°E / 51.5709; 0.60749 (Little Haven)
TQ 808 890
YES This site has diverse habitats of woodland, meadows, scrub and hedges. The main trees are sessile oaks, hornbeams and sweet chestnut, and plants such as wood sorrel and are indicators of ancient woodland. The reserve is one of only 25 in the courty where the rare heath fritillary is well established.[48]
Little Waltham Meadows[49] Little Waltham Meadows 8.9 hectares (22 acres) Little Waltham
51°46′46″N 0°28′54″E / 51.7795°N 0.48177°E / 51.7795; 0.48177 (Little Waltham Meadows)
TL 713 119
YES
Maldon Wick Meadow[50] Maldon Wick Meadow 6.1 hectares (15 acres) Maldom
51°43′11″N 0°39′55″E / 51.7198°N 0.66528°E / 51.7198; 0.66528 (Maldon Wick Meadow)
TL 842 057
YES
Naze, TheThe Naze[51] The Naze 45 hectares (110 acres) Walton-on-the-Naze
51°52′03″N 1°17′18″E / 51.8676°N 1.2883°E / 51.8676; 1.2883 (The Naze)
TM 264 238
YES GCR,[52] SSSI[53]
Newland Grove[54] Newland Grove in the snow 3.2 hectares (7.9 acres) Chelmsford
51°46′11″N 0°29′08″E / 51.7696°N 0.48557°E / 51.7696; 0.48557 (Newland Grove)
TL 716 108
YES
Oakfield Wood[55] Oakfield Wood 2.8 hectares (6.9 acres) Wrabness
51°56′23″N 1°09′04″E / 51.9398°N 1.1512°E / 51.9398; 1.1512 (Oakfield Wood)
TM 167 315
YES
Oxley Meadow[56] Oxley Meadow 3.2 hectares (7.9 acres) Tiptree
51°48′03″N 0°46′44″E / 51.8007°N 0.77894°E / 51.8007; 0.77894 (Oxley Meadow)
TL 917 149
YES The site has two meadows which are rich in flowers, including many green winged orchids and adderstongue ferns. There is also a variety of common butterfly species, and hedgerows provide nesting sites for birds such as the lesser whitethroat.[56]
Phyllis Currie[57] Phyllis Currie 8.9 hectares (22 acres) Great Leighs
51°50′09″N 0°29′58″E / 51.8358°N 0.49938°E / 51.8358; 0.49938 (Phyllis Currie)
TL 723 182
YES
Pound Wood[58] Pound Wood 22.3 hectares (55 acres) Thundersley
51°34′08″N 0°37′08″E / 51.5688°N 0.6189°E / 51.5688; 0.6189 (Pound Wood)
TQ 816 888
YES Much of this site is ancient woodland, with some old secondary woodland. Trees include sweet chestnut, aspen and the wild service tree. There are a number of dells and ponds.[58]
Ray Island and Bonners Saltings[59] Ray Spit 40.5 hectares (100 acres) Mersea Island
51°48′04″N 0°54′55″E / 51.8011°N 0.9152°E / 51.8011; 0.9152 (Ray Island and Bonners Saltings)
TM 011 154
WTO
Roding Valley Meadows[60] Roding Valley Meadows 64.6 hectares (160 acres) Chigwell
51°37′45″N 0°03′53″E / 51.6293°N 0.064638°E / 51.6293; 0.064638 (Roding Valley Meadows)
TQ 430 943
YES LNR,[61] SSSI[62]
Roman River Valley[63] Roman River Valley 17.8 hectares (44 acres) Layer de la Haye
51°51′13″N 0°51′59″E / 51.8535°N 0.86633°E / 51.8535; 0.86633 (Roman River Valley)
TL 975 211
YES
Rushy Mead[64] Rushy Mead 4.6 hectares (11 acres) Bishop's Stortford
51°51′18″N 0°10′20″E / 51.8549°N 0.17224°E / 51.8549; 0.17224 (Rushy Mead)
TL 497 196
YES
Sandylay and Moat Woods [65] Sandylay and Moat Woods 7.5 hectares (19 acres) Great Leighs
51°49′45″N 0°30′50″E / 51.8292°N 0.5138°E / 51.8292; 0.5138 (Sandylay and Moat Woods)
TL 733 175
YES
Sawbridgeworth Marsh[66] Sawbridgeworth Marsh 8.9 hectares (22 acres) Sawbridgeworth
51°49′16″N 0°09′49″E / 51.8210°N 0.16349°E / 51.8210; 0.16349 (Sawbridgeworth Marsh)
TL 492 158
YES SSSI[67]
Sergeants Orchard[68] 3.2 hectares (7.9 acres) Mount Bures
51°56′36″N 0°46′29″E / 51.9433°N 0.7748°E / 51.9433; 0.7748 (Sergeants Orchard)
TL 908 308
YES
Shadwell Wood[69] Shadwell Wood 7.1 hectares (18 acres) Saffron Waldon
52°02′54″N 0°17′30″E / 52.0484°N 0.29164°E / 52.0484; 0.29164 (Shadwell Wood)
TL 572 413
YES SSSI[70]
Shotgate Thickets[71] Shotgate Thickets 3.2 hectares (7.9 acres) Battlesbridge
51°37′04″N 0°33′12″E / 51.6179°N 0.55339°E / 51.6179; 0.55339 (Shotgate Thickets)
TQ 768 940
YES
Shut Heath Wood[72] Shut Heath Wood 20.2 hectares (50 acres) Great Totham
51°47′16″N 0°41′07″E / 51.7877°N 0.68523°E / 51.7877; 0.68523 (Shut Heath Wood)
TL 853 133
YES
Skippers Island[73] Skippers Island 94.3 hectares (233 acres) Walton-on-the-Naze
51°52′20″N 1°13′14″E / 51.8722°N 1.2206°E / 51.8722; 1.2206 (Skippers Island)
TM 218 242
YES
Stanford Warren[74] Stanford Warren 16.6 hectares (41 acres) Stanford-le-Hope
51°30′17″N 0°25′46″E / 51.5046°N 0.42933°E / 51.5046; 0.42933 (Stanford Warren)
TQ 687 812
YES
Stow Maries Halt[75] Stow Maries Halt 2.2 hectares (5.4 acres) Stow Maries
51°39′39″N 0°39′06″E / 51.6607°N 0.65169°E / 51.6607; 0.65169 (Stow Maries Halt)
TQ 835 991
YES
Thorndon Countryside Centre[76][d] Thorndon Countryside Centre N/Av Brentwood
51°35′58″N 0°18′58″E / 51.5995°N 0.31598°E / 51.5995; 0.31598 (Thorndon Countryside Centre)
TQ 605 915
YES
Thrift Wood[77] Thrift Wood 19.4 hectares (48 acres) Bicknacre
51°41′08″N 0°35′17″E / 51.6855°N 0.58803°E / 51.6855; 0.58803 (Thrift Wood)
TL 790 017
YES
Thurrock Thameside Nature Park[78] Thurrock Thameside Nature Park 50 hectares (120 acres)[e] Stanford-le-Hope
51°29′56″N 0°26′31″E / 51.4989°N 0.442°E / 51.4989; 0.442 (Thurrock Thameside Nature Park)
TQ 696 806
YES
Tile Wood[79] Tile Wood 6.5 hectares (16 acres) Thundersley
51°34′14″N 0°37′08″E / 51.5706°N 0.61902°E / 51.5706; 0.61902 (Tile Wood)
TQ 816 890
YES The wood is ancient, having been mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon period. The main trees are sessile oak, hornbeam and sweet chestnut. Ground flora include wood sorrel, bluebells and wood-rush.[79]
Tiptree Heath[80] Tiptree Heath 24.3 hectares (60 acres) Tiptree
51°47′57″N 0°43′46″E / 51.7992°N 0.72944°E / 51.7992; 0.72944 (Tiptree Heath)
TL 883 147
YES
Tollesbury Wick[81] Tollesbury Wick 242.9 hectares (600 acres) Tollesbury
51°45′24″N 0°51′11″E / 51.7567°N 0.85295°E / 51.7567; 0.85295 (Tollesbury Wick)
TL 970 103
YES
Two Tree Island[82] Two Tree Island 259 hectares (640 acres) [[[83]]]
51°32′10″N 0°37′43″E / 51.5362°N 0.62858°E / 51.5362; 0.62858 (Two Tree Island)
TQ 824 852
YES NNR[84]
Warley Place[85] Warley Place 10.1 hectares (25 acres) Brentwood
51°35′31″N 0°17′02″E / 51.5920°N 0.28384°E / 51.5920; 0.28384 (Warley Place)
TQ 583 906
Weeleyhall Wood[86] Weeleyhall Wood 13.6 hectares (34 acres) Weeley
51°50′43″N 1°07′56″E / 51.8454°N 1.13226°E / 51.8454; 1.13226 (Weeleyhall Wood)
TM 158 209
YES
West Wood[87] West Wood 23.5 hectares (58 acres) Thaxted
51°58′29″N 0°21′46″E / 51.9748°N 0.36266°E / 51.9748; 0.36266 (West Wood)
TL 623 333
YES SSSI[88] The site is ancient woodland on chalky boulder clay and sandy loam. It was mainly elm, but this has died and the wood regenerated naturally with ash. Bramble and dog's mercury dominate the ground layer, with a rich variety of plants in wetter areas, such as oxlip and meadow-sweet.[88] There are many species of birds and butterflies, and four ponds which have great crested newts, dragonflies and damselflies.[87]
Westhouse Wood[89] Anemone nemerosa in Westhouse Wood 2.8 hectares (6.9 acres) Colchester
51°54′28″N 0°52′08″E / 51.9079°N 0.86883°E / 51.9079; 0.86883 (Westhouse Wood)
TL 974 271
YES
Woodham Fen[90]  Woodham Fen 8.1 hectares (20 acres) South Woodham Ferrers
51°38′51″N 0°35′51″E / 51.6475°N 0.59743°E / 51.6475; 0.59743 (Woodham Fen)
TQ 798 975
YES
Wrabness[91] Wrabness 24.3 hectares (60 acres) Wrabness
51°56′23″N 1°09′04″E / 51.9398°N 1.1512°E / 51.9398; 1.1512 (Wrabness)
TM 167 315
YES LNR[92]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Unless stated otherwise, the area, location and public access are taken from the Essex Wildlife Trust page for each site.
  2. ^ The London Borough of Havering owns and manages Bedfords Park, while Essex Wildlife Trust manages the visitor centre.[6]
  3. ^ Hunsdon Mead is managed jointly by the Essex and Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trusts.[40]
  4. ^ Thorndon Countryside Centre, which is managed by Essex Wildlife Trust, is in Thorndon Countryside Park, which is managed by Essex County Council.[76]
  5. ^ As of May 2016, the Trust states that Thurrock Thameside Nature Park is being expanded from 120 to 845 acres.[78]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Factfile". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Who's Who". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Abberton Reservoir Visitor Centre". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Abbotts Hall Farm". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Aubrey Buxton Nature Reserve". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Bedfords Park Visitor Centre". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Bedford's Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Belfairs Woodland Centre". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Great Wood and Dodd's Grove citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Belfairs". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Blue House Farm". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Map of Crouch and Roach Estuaries". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Bradwell Shell Bank". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c "Brookes Nature Reserve". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "Belcher's and Broadfield Woods citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  16. ^ a b "Chafford Gorges". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Map of Chafford Gorges Nature Park" (PDF). Healthy Life Essex. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "Chigborough Lakes". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Cockaynes Wood". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Colne Point". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g "Colne Estuary citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  22. ^ a b c "Designated and Proposed Ramsar sites in the UK and Overseas Territories & Crown Dependencies". Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  23. ^ "Copperas Wood". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  24. ^ "Cranham Marsh". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "Cranham Marsh". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  26. ^ "Cranham Marsh". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  27. ^ a b "Crowsheath Wood". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  28. ^ "Danbury Ridge". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  29. ^ "Fingringhoe Wick". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  30. ^ "Fobbing Marsh". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  31. ^ "Gernon Bushes". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  32. ^ a b "Epping Forest citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  33. ^ "Great Holland Pits". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  34. ^ "Gunners Park and Shoebury Ranges". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  35. ^ "Map of Benfleet and Southend Marshes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  36. ^ "Shoeburyness Old Ranges". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  37. ^ a b "Hanningfield Reservoir". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  38. ^ "Horndon Meadow". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  39. ^ a b "Howlands Marsh". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  40. ^ a b "Hunsdon Mead". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  41. ^ "Hunsdon Mead citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  42. ^ a b c "Ingrebourne Valley". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  43. ^ a b "Iron Latch". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  44. ^ "John Weston Nature Reserve". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  45. ^ "Langdon Nature Reserve". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  46. ^ a b "Lexden Gathering Grounds". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  47. ^ "Lion Creek and Lower Raypits". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  48. ^ a b "Little Haven". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  49. ^ "Little Waltham Meadows". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  50. ^ "Maldon Wick Meadow". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  51. ^ "The Naze". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  52. ^ "Walton-on-the-Naze (Aves)". Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  53. ^ "The Naze citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  54. ^ "Newland Grove". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  55. ^ "Oakfield Wood". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  56. ^ a b "Oxley Meadow". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  57. ^ "Phyllis Currie". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  58. ^ a b "Pound Wood". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  59. ^ "Ray Island and Bonners Saltings". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  60. ^ "Roding Valley Meadows". Essex Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  61. ^ "Roding Valley Meadows". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
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External links[edit]