Estádio Nacional

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National Stadium Sporting Complex[1]
StadionJamor.JPG
A view of the National Stadium, from the one of the endzones
Full name Complexo Desportivo do Estádio Nacional/Complexo Desportivo do Jamor
Location Algés, Linda-a-Velha e Cruz Quebrada-Dafundo, Oeiras
Coordinates Coordinates: 38°42′32″N 9°15′39″W / 38.708768°N 9.260859°W / 38.708768; -9.260859
Owner Portuguese Football Federation
Capacity 37,500[2]
Field size 105 by 68 metres (344 ft × 223 ft)[2]
Surface Grass[2]
Construction
Broke ground 1939
Opened 10 June 1944[2]
Renovated September 2012
Architect Miguel Jacobetty Rosa[2]
Tenants
Portugal national football team
S.L. Benfica (2003)
Lusitanos XV (2013-)

The National Stadium Sporting Complex (Portuguese: Complexo Desportivo do Estádio Nacional/Complexo Desportivo do Jamor), also known as Jamor Sports Complex, is a former-national football ground used by the Portuguese national team, situated in the civil parish of Algés, Linda-a-Velha e Cruz Quebrada-Dafundo, in the municipality of Oeiras.

History[edit]

In 1933, the decision was made to construct the national stadium alongside the Jamor ravine.[3] The original design was authored by Francisco Caldeira Cabral and Konrad Weisner [4][5] and Jacobetty Rosa, with working beginning in 1939.[3]

It was inaugurated on 10 June 1944 (Portugal Day) by the Council president António Oliveira Salazar.

Work was complete in the Quinta da Graça (in 1953), to install the Comissão Administrativa do Estádio Nacional (National Stadium Administrative Commission).[3]

In 1961, construction on the hippodrome began, in addition to the first phase of work on the shooting range, by the Serviços de Construção e de Conservação (Construction and Conservation Services).[3]

The Plano de Ordenamento do Complexo Desportivo da Jamor (Jamor Sports Complex Development Plan) was issued on July 1982, ordered by the DGEMN Direção-Geral de Edifícios e Monumentos Nacionais (Directorate-General for Buildings and National Monuments), authored by the architects Vasco Croft (coordinator), Nuno Bártolo and Joaquim Cadima, and by the landscape firm Professor Caldeira Cabral, Associados, Estudos e Projectos, Ld. (under the direction of landscape architects Francisco Caldeira Cabral and agronomist engineer João Caldeira Cabral.[3] During this phase, diagnostic studies were performed to reformulate and re-evaluate the strategic importance of the complex.[3]

In May 1985, the study Estabelecimento de zona de protecção (to establish a protection zone) was ordered by the DGEMN, by architects Vasco Croft and Nuno Bártolo, to limit the sports complex zone, providing a buffer for military access, a non aedificandi zone and urban growth, in addition to spansion for greenspaces and support areas for nautical sports.[3]

In 1993, a project to construct a sporting sporting pavilion in Jamor was issued.[3]

In September 2012, the Portuguese Football Federation announced that the stadium would undergo renovation in which work would begin in 2014.[6]

On 6 February 2015, a tender was issued to cover the western edge of the audience seating for the rugby field.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Architecturally the stadium is noteworthy for its open east side, unusual for a stadium otherwise featuring a typical oval configuration. Its current capacity is 39,000 and it is the venue for the Portuguese football cup final.

Sport[edit]

Football[edit]

The stadium has traditionally hosted the final of the Portuguese Cup (since 1946); in only five times was this game played in other venues and in total, 52 Cup finals have been played on the grounds. Portuguese football fans have bemoaned the historic stadium, owing to a lack of amenities; following the Euro 2004, there was a movement to move the event to one of the grounds built for the Euro football championships.

The most prestigious international game ever staged at the Estádio Nacional was the 1967 European Cup final, played between Celtic and Internazionale with the former winning 2-1 (becoming the first British European champion team, nicknamed the Lisbon Lions).

In addition to hosting the Portuguese national team since in 1945, the site has held 49 international events for Portugal.

Rugby[edit]

The Rugby governing body ERC announced on 2 September 2014 that the Portuguese club Lusitanos XV would hold their home games of the 2013-14 Amlin Challenge Cup at National Stadium.[7] However, all their home games of the 2013-14 Amlin Challenge Cup were played at the Portuguese national rugby teams home stadium of Estádio Universitário de Lisboa.

Events[edit]

There have been notable concert events from the site, including The Police (who performed on 25 September 2007), as part of their The Police Reunion Tour, and the Black Eyed Peas, on 30 May 2010, during their The E.N.D. World Tour.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Visiting the Portuguese National Stadium". Football-Weekends. Lucas Laermans. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Estádio de Honra". Centro Desportivo Nacional do Jamor (in Portuguese). Instituto Português do Desporto e Juventude. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Costa, Patrícia; Elias, Margarida (2014), Centro de Investigação em Arquitectura, Urbanismo e Design (CIAUD-FA/UTL), ed., Complexo Desportivo do Estádio Nacional/Complexo Desportivo do Jamor (IPA.00022419/PT031110080066) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 5 May 2017 
  4. ^ Do Estádio Nacional ao Jardim Gulbenkian, Francisco Caldeira Cabral e a Primeira Geração de Arquitectos Paisagistas, de Teresa Andresen
  5. ^ http://proffranciscocaldeiracabral.portaldojardim.com/projectos/o-estadio-nacional-e-a-polemica-que-envolveu-este-projecto/
  6. ^ "Jamor vai acolher a "Cidade do Futebol": obras começam em 2014" [Jamor will host the "Soccer City": works begin in 2014]. A Bola (in Portuguese). 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  7. ^ ERCRugby.com Archived 2013-09-05 at the Wayback Machine.

Sources[edit]

Relatório da Actividade do Ministério no Ano de 1961 (in Portuguese), 1, Lisbon, Portugal: Ministério das Obras Públicas, 1962 

Preceded by
Heysel Stadium
Brussels
European Cup
Final Venue

1967
Succeeded by
Wembley Stadium
London