Estádio 1º de Maio
|Full name||Estádio Primeiro de Maio/Estádio 1.º de Maio|
|Former names||Estádio Municipal 28 de Maio|
|Location||Braga, Braga (São José de São Lázaro e São João do Souto)|
|Owner||Câmara Municipal de Braga|
|Opened||28 May 1950|
The 1 May Stadium (Portuguese: Estádio Primeiro de Maio/Estádio 1.º de Maio) is a multi-purpose stadium in civil parish of Braga (São José de São Lázaro e São João do Souto) in the municipality of Braga, in the district of the same name. Built in 1950 to host mostly football matches, the stadium has the capacity to seat 28,800 specatators.
In 1920, a group of youth formed the Sporting Clube de Braga, with the formal institutions being organized the following year, including official statutes. The "team" rented time in the Campo do Raio in order to practice and play competitive matches.
By the second half of the 20th century, the club rented various fields including successively the Campo da Ponte, Campo dos Peões and the new Campo da Ponte. In 1946, construction began on the stadium that would be known as 1º Maio, under the direction of Travassos Valdez, with the intent of commemorating the 21st anniversary of the 28 May Revolution. It was constructed by the Direcção-Geral dos Serviços de Urbanização (Directorate-General for Urban Services), with Sporting Clube de Braga as its principal tenant.
In 1980, during the 60th anniversary of the sporting club, the Câmara Municipal de Braga attributed to the S.C. Braga a gold medallion from the city.
In 1990, the south bunks of the stadium fell into ruins, as a consequence public works to remedy the damage were initiated, with the intent of having the stadium used for the World Sub-21 Football Championship (which occurred the following year).
The construction of a glass corridor over metallic profile to provide access between the grandstands and private boxes and the remodelling of the change rooms were undertaken. At the same time the pitch was substituted: a synthetic green was installed and the space reinforced with new lighting.
Following the visit of the Secretário de Estado dos Desportos (Secretary-of-State for Sport) in 1996, a process to initiate repairs to the stadium was proposed, and the funds necessary for the project were solicited.
On 18 February 1998, ASPA sent to the IPPAR an official request to classify the stadium as national patrimony, resulting in the opening of a process on 17 February 2006. This was after the opening of Estádio Municipal de Braga in 2003 (for the UEFA Euro 2004), leading to the stadiums repurposing for athletics competitions and amateur football competitions, including the youth of S.C. Braga. At that time, the field was repaired and renovation of the drainage systems. By 15 April 2011 a proposal was made to include the stadium within a Special Protection Zone by the DRCNorte. This proposal was accepted by the SPAA of the National Council of Culture on 11 January 2012, leading to the 28 September publication of the respective decision to classify the stadium as a Monumento de Interesse Público (Public Interest Monument) and fixing the structure within this Special Protection Zone.
The urban structure is implanted harmoniously along a slope from the terrain, rounding the E.N. 101 national roadway and matte of vegetation that constituted the Parque de Campismo and Parque da Ponte. It has extensive paved grounds with a savannah restrained by iron gate.
The oval plan includes four tall lampposts at the corners. In the center, a rectangular football field circumscribed by athletics track with eight lanes, surrounded partly by benches arranged in four rows with eight steps each and rhythmical by openings that allow access from the outside. The west stand has, at the top center, rectangular glass tribune, surmounted by four masts and finished off in the front by the coat-of-arms of the city of Braga. The main facade, facing the north, with rounded ends, doors on the first floor and rectangular windows on the second. In the center, is a wide two-story staircase with access to the main gate, bounded by rounded structures that integrate two sculpture panels in bronze, depicting sport with the inscription:
- TEMOS DE DAR AOS PORTUGUESES PELA DISCIPLINA DA CULTURA FÍSICA O SEGREDO DE FAZER DURADOURA A SUA MOCIDADE EM BENEFÍCIO DE PORTUGAL
- We have to give the Portuguese, by the discipline of physical culture, the secret to make your lasting youth a benefit to Portugal
While the second quotes Luís Camões:
- OH GENTE FORTE E DE ALTOS PENSAMENTOS
- Oh, strong people and of high thoughts
The entrance, organized by geometric modules, develops six openings that line, symmetrically, prismatic tower, tall and slender, with the shield of the Republic and inscription in bronze at the top. The side walls are broken on the first floor by wide doors that access the stands and in the east-north northeast two stair access to the second floor. In the west is a central portal with square-framed base relief sculpture, consisting of bay leaves and surmounted by the shield of the club, and addorsed to the left by lanky body, glassed on metal profiles, which serves as the presidential tribune access corridor, press tribune and cabins. The rear facade is on an elevated platform with simple wall torn by three openings for public access.
Under the benches are organized support services such as toilets, bars, and storage. In the north-northeast are change rooms and gym, while opposite it are opposite change rooms, administrative offices, secretariat and trophy rooms.
- Portuguese National Team
The following national team matches were held in the stadium.
|1.||19 January 1986||1–3||East Germany||Friendly|
|2.||4 February 1987||1–0||Belgium||Friendly|
|3.||22 January 1997||0–2||France||Friendly|
|4.||15 November 2000||2–1||Israel||Friendly|
|5.||20 November 2002||2–0||Scotland||Friendly|
|6.||6 June 2003||0–0||Paraguay||Friendly|
- Dinis, António (1999), SIPA, ed., Estádio 1.º de Maio em Braga (IPA.00006972/PT010303420062) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 2 March 2016
- Liga Portugal
- "Scots sink in Portugal". BBC Sport. BBC. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "Comemorações do XXIV aniversário da Revolução Nacional em Braga. As Festas da Inauguração do Estádio 28 de Maio", Bracara Augusta (in Portuguese), II, Braga, Portugal, 1950, pp. 191–213
- Ministério das Obras Públicas, ed. (1951), Relatório da Actividade do Ministério no ano de 1950 (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal
- Ministério das Obras Públicas, ed. (1953), Relatório da Actividade do Ministério no ano de 1952 (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal
- Nóbrega, Artur Vaz Osório (1970), Pedras de Armas e Armas Tumulares do distrito de Braga. Cidade e concelho de Braga (in Portuguese), I (Tomo 2 ed.), Braga, Portugal, pp. 659–662
- Pereira, Barros (1985), Sporting Clube de Braga. 1921 - 1985 (in Portuguese), Braga, Portugal
- Costa, Luis (1998), Braga. Roteiro Histórico e Monumental extra-muros (in Portuguese), Braga, Portugal, pp. 77–78
- Lima, José Carlos (9 March 2006), "Classificação do 1º de Maio avança oito anos depois do pedido da ASPA", Diário do Minho (in Portuguese), p. 4
- Costa, Magalhães (10 March 2006), Estádio 1º de Maio espera classificação (in Portuguese), p. 28
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